Presentation on theme: "Comparing Governments sector classifications Sam Moon ODI."— Presentation transcript:
Comparing Governments sector classifications Sam Moon ODI
How do countries plan budgets and report on them? Financial year Source revenue Identify strategic priorities Fund institutions to implement Report on expenditure and activities Evaluate delivery
Strategic priorities are usually organised by sector, comprised of the membership of a number of institutions. The composition of sectors and structure of institutions varies very widely across countries BUT whatever the organisation, at a lower level these institutions deliver against a number of functions that are relatively comparable across countries.
COFOG attempts to model this DAC/CRS actually models aid funding rather than government functions, but in reality does coincide to a large extent with the low level functions that government delivers against
So we looked at the institutional and sectoral structures of the domains of education, health and justice law and order in 14 countries. We compared these countries against CRS and COFOG to see if there are similarities between countries at functional level, and how well these standards describe this organisation.
Education – – fairly good alignment across countries and with CRS. – structure is similar, approach to education tends not to controversial. – Government dominates, but often with heavy donor support.
Health – Turned out as extremely difficult to model. – As a sector definition, not generally controversial – But widely different approaches by countries – Heavy donor involvement, and often by vertical funds to specific areas rather than a sector wide approach – Can be quite political. – Could not propose a commonality.
Justice Law and Order – Sector definitions are very variant across countries – At the high level (ministry) institutional structure also varies fairly widely – But the functions are remarkably similar – There tends to be similarity between departments and agencies in the sector regardless of their location in ministries or sectors. – (everyone has police, prisons, courts etc.)
So this analysis was useful We extended the methodology to all domains that government operates in And also added the domain of development partner administration
In all domains but health we are able to propose a list of functions that is recognisable in the country budget structures These functions are notionally grouped in domains, for organisational purposes To a broad extent, this can be rolled up to the DAC/CRS standard as well.
Further Issues and next steps. Testing against more countries will allow the definitions to evolve The low level institutional composition of countries is often very hard to obtain – and changes often – e.g in Malawi the Environment Affairs Department has existed in the same form for 20 years, but it has been relocated within different ministries 7 times in that time.
A key institutional breakdown that needs further work is the local government role – Service delivery is often undertaken by a local authority, but this varies widely by country, but is well defined at country level. – A reduced set of functions common at local government level is a possible approach, but the identification of whether a function is undertaken at central or local level will always require country level
Response: – Clear about: nobody is suggesting that governments should change their classifications. Has to be possible to take information from IATI and match it against the government