Presentation on theme: "Urban and Rural Poverty Around the World. UrbanBothRural - Cities or slums - Cramped housing or homeless - Low-wage jobs, if any - Crime - Prostitution."— Presentation transcript:
UrbanBothRural - Cities or slums - Cramped housing or homeless - Low-wage jobs, if any - Crime - Prostitution - Unemployment - Limited education - Insufficient or complete lack of… - social services (esp. in remote rural areas) - Lack of govt-mandated social reforms - education -This causes: -High fertility -Large families cause the cycle to repeat -Kids have low-wage jobs, cycle continues -no power to influence decisionsNO VOICE - Gender inequalities/roles - Farms or agriculture - Homes farther apart - Insufficient transportation infrastructure (e.g. dirt roads) - Fewer rural jobs for women - Depend heavily on environmental resource - Limited access to markets - Limited access to health services - Limited access to resources
Nicaragua Statistics % of people living on <$1 per day: 45% % of people living on <$2 per day: 80% 50% of children drop out of school before completing the 5th grade 1 of 3 Nicaraguan adults cannot read or write. % below the poverty line: 48% % malnourished: 27% 32 public hospitals in the entire country (for 5.6 million people) http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/data_sheets/cty_ds_NIC.html
Fall asleep on the streets of Managua and youll wake up naked. –Magdiel Nicaragua 2009
Some Statistics Note: Due to economic, political, and social crises in Zimbabwe, there is a significant lack of recent, accurate statistics on poverty in the country. 17% children aged 0-5 years underweight (2004). Life-expectancy: 40.9 years (2007). 15.3% people aged 15-49 live with HIV/AIDS (2007). 9.3% people 15 years and older illiterate. Top 20% population have 56% household income while bottom 40% have 13% (1995-2005).
Programs PlayPumps International: provides wells for isolated rural villages Ruchika School: In India, the urban beggar children go to school by the trains Mothers to Mothers: South Africa; works with women with AIDS ostracized from villages given medical attention and counseling (rural).