Presentation on theme: "Never too small for research Getting the most out of your research, and your budget Neil Stollznow (QPMR) Director, Stollznow Research National Secretary,"— Presentation transcript:
Never too small for research Getting the most out of your research, and your budget Neil Stollznow (QPMR) Director, Stollznow Research National Secretary, AMSRS
How to use market research in a SME environment
The basics Qualitative Focus groups / group discussions In-depth interviewing Characteristics Unstructured Not representative Quantitative Telephone interviewing Intercept interviewing Online interviewing Door to door Characteristics Highly structured Projectable Sampling Questions
When to use each approach Qualitative How do people feel What do they think What is their reaction to an idea Why do they behave this way Quantitative How many people feel this way How many think this way What is the size of the market for a new idea
Before you begin… Define the issues Why you need to do research How will this information be used What do you need to know versus what is nice to know What information do you already have What happens if I do nothing?
Before you begin… How well do I really know my market? Age, income, occupation who purchase who dont purchase where do they live… Beware We know our customers/clients Friends dont tell you the bad things
The brief Background to the project Business objectives you want to achieve Many people just state questions Researchers can help you define objectives Timeframe Budget No requirement to specify methodology Meet with the researchers Make sure they have your outlook Make sure they match your business
What sort of budget do I need? How important is the issue? What will it cost if we get it wrong? Qualitative Focus groups $4,000 to $6,000 Costs affected by: Recruitment – easy / difficult Where the respondents are Quantitative $60 per interview (telephone) Economies of scale as sample increases Specialist techniques will cost more
Tips for the perfect qualitative project Fish where the fish are Have realistic expectations about what people can tell you Dont be proscriptive Participants must feel free to digress, argue and be involved Leave you with insight into Motivation Thoughts Perceptions
Tips for the perfect quantitative project Based on real understanding of the population Ask questions people can answer Know the meaning of questions youre asking Must have good sampling Random in population Sample size must be robust Confidence level Analysis of sub-groups Quality fieldwork If its not right at this stage it wont improve! Quality analysis The right tools for the job
What about the web Ideal for B2B Existing customers General population where income plays no role Issues 52% of Australian households have internet (ABS 2003) About 60% now Not equally distributed Older less likely to use Lower income much less likely to use The way of the future
Use your existing data You have data! Data collection is the main cost of research Simple analysis is often overlooked Postcodes, spend, frequency You may have the resources internally Many consultancies can analyse data
Use your existing data Complex analysis requires a specialist Loyalty programs Customer tracking
Conducting internal research programs Any knowledge is better than no knowledge! A standard approach Identify key information requirements Systematically collect data Analyse the data Use existing business activities Use your CRM program Use your telesales information
Things to remember Qualitative It is what it is Avoid jumping through hoops Projective techniques Extensive observation Extended groups (3 hours) Homework Quantitative Doesnt always need to be complex If cross tabulations are all thats needed, thats fine
Ethics and quality Look for quality in suppliers as you do in your business Ethics mean people will speak to researchers Australian Market & Social Research Society (AMSRS) AMSRS Code of Professional Behaviour Qualified Practising Market Researcher (QPMR) Association of Market Research Organisations (AMRO) Interviewer Quality Control Australia (IQCA) Australian Standard 4752
Market research & telemarketing Must distinguish between the two activities Telemarketing sells The individual is the focus Market research gathers information The individual is irrelevant to the project Participants must understand which process they are involved in Ethical behaviour Required by the Privacy Act Participants must understand what their information will be used for
Impact of the Privacy Act on market research More about databases than privacy National Privacy Principles (NPPs) Market and Social Research Privacy Code allows Collecting name and contact details Making recordings of research Using customer lists Registering individuals on a customer database Conducting fieldwork checks Contacting respondents for follow up research
Inner-city hotel Upgrade worth $½ million Expanding restaurant Opening up former restaurant area to customers Who to cater for? What kind of food? What kind of ambience? Who lives in the area?
Two-stage research program Quantitative 233 interviews Simple demographics Age Household makeup (share, family, couple etc) Household income Use of local hotels Opinion of local hotels Like to participate in group discussions?
Two-stage research program Qualitative 3 group discussions Identified competitive set Identify strengths and weakness of each hotel What is missing in the area In food In recreation What should hotel food be? Menu evaluation Wine evaluation Role of promotions Role of entertainment
Outcomes Understand local market- place Demographics Competition Strengths Weaknesses Unique selling proposition (USP) Know how to develop profitably Things to do at the hotel …and things to avoid How to use every dollar in renovations and subsequent promotion to generate income Cost $13,000 + GST
The British Council Who is the British Council? Cultural representatives Limited budget Primary means of communication is through website(s) Upgrading key site Essential for operation
Information requirements Research needed to consider Branding on site Detail of the information on site Technical aspects Interactivity Ease of navigation Content Relevance Information needs Strengths and weaknesses Retained information
Qualitative research 3 group discussions Completed with 3 key stakeholder groups Evaluated a draft-version of the website Participants took turns to navigate through the site while it was discussed
Research outcomes Significant modifications made to site Specific direction on Links Quotes Graphics Content Summary of each page Important to get it right first time when there is limited budget Cost of project was $12,000 + GST
Internet start-up Cant name Signed confidentiality agreement Needed to know Market size Likely market reaction to product
Quantitative research Simple telephone interviewing Interviews last 5 minutes Asked about Scope of operations Size and number of activities Size and number of events Existing sales activities Likely uptake of offer
Research outcome Small fractured market Large clients signed up to alternatives Rats and mice left Limited potential Idea killed Cost of project was $10,000 + GST Much less than would have been wasted on a idea that did not work
What have we learnt?
Key learning Know what you want to achieve before you start Find a company in tune with your business Prepare a brief Not as hard as it might seem Research does not require large budgets When to use Qualitative research Quantitative research Telephone interviewing Web research Dont be afraid to complete simple research yourself The importance of standards and quality in consulting
A simple checklist… To test if youre on the right track.. Do you have the right sample / population? Do the research outcomes fit into your business plans? Is the methodology the right way to go? Dont be bamboozled Methodology Process Do you have realistic goals Outcome Time-frame Do you understand the deliverables?
Contact details Neil Stollznow PO Box 16 Level 2/156 Military Rd Neutral Bay NSW 2089 T F M