4 Knowledge ParadigmHigh Performance Computing (Petaflop by 2010 and beyond)Development, acquisition as well as creative use scaling up momentumPetabytes of storages and beyondFrom Remote Sensing Satellites, MST Radars & Global Scientific mission forums demanding tremendous storageHigh speed Networks (Terabits per second by 2010 and beyond)Key enabler to support engineering data and bandwidth intensive applicationsGrid Computing - supporting distributing computing, Problem solving environments and collaboration toolsAlready identified as an most important area and PoC Garuda under implementation by C-DAC
5 Knowledge Paradigm (Contd…) Data Centre and Web ServicesEmergence of world class of telecom infrastructure and success of IT sector augurs well for a host of applications sector from Bio-informatics to E-governanceKnowledge Management toolsHost of with over 300 of Fortune 500 and all top Global ICT MNCs setting up development centers and increasingly positioning of research labs in India, as also BPO, KPO centers and VC funding, GRID Marketing and innovation is happening.Secure Cyber InfrastructureDemands for trusted and reliable infrastructure service is increasing.Multilingual ComputingWith 22 official languages touching over 90% of non-english speaking peopleBroadband and mobile wirelessFastest growing in India, permeating to villages
6 Presentation to Internet2 & Worldbank Presentation OutlineBackgroundIndian InitiativesC-DAC & PoC GarudaGrid PartnersDiscussions06-Sept-2005Presentation to Internet2 & Worldbank6
7 Networking, Grid Computing and applications/sectoral domains Indian InitiativesNetworking, Grid Computing and applications/sectoral domainsERNETIQNETPoC GARUDA
8 ERNET: Education & Research Network Started as a collaborative initiative of 8 Premier Institutions (5 IITs, IISc, NCST, DOE) by Department of Electronics (Now Department of Information Technology), Government of India in 1986 with UNDP fundingResearch and development in computer networkingBuilt campus LANs, established WAN (terrestrial and satellite) and first connection from India to Internet (UUNET) in February ’89.
9 ERNET: Education & Research Network (Contd…) Today13 Point of presence (POPs) at premier E&R institutions in the country.STM-1(155Mbps)Ready Fibre-Optic BackboneSatellite Hub in C-band (Bangalore)Beaming 3 Transponder of 36 MHzIP MulticastingWebcastingChannel for Distance Learning / Video BroadcastingSecure InfrastructureIntrusion Detection ServerFirewallIntruder Alert ManagerGateway Antivirus ServerAnti Spam ControlSnifferLab dedicated to Network education and training.
10 Internet connectivity being provided by ERNET User Base172 Universities ( )245 R&D Institutions ( ≥ 500)52 Engineering colleges (800)251 Navodya and Govt Schools274 ICAR Institutions322 Other educational users/organizations.Installed Base559 TDM/TDMA and 77 SCPC and DAMA VSATs14 Radio Links and 173 Leased Lines.
11 INTERNET connectivity under various schemes AICTE NetConnectivity to AICTE recognized colleges and regional centers. A total of 40 institutions connected. Very Large potentialUGC InfonetMOU signed on 4th April 2003152 universities connected over ERNET backbone.- Scalable networkMultimedia capabilities for video conferencing and distance learningICAR NetNetwork to be implemented in two phases.A total of 274 institutions have been connected. Network to support applications such as VOIP,IP,FAX, Video conferencing.NVS NetConnectivity provided by VSATS to:NVS Head quarters at New Delhi,100 schools have been
13 Multi-Gigabit pan-European Research Network Univ. of JammuPanjab Univ. ChandigarhDelhi(DU)Univ. of Raj.JaipurIIT GuwahatiAMUIIT KanpurCAT IndoreVECCKolkata34 Mbps IPLCMumbaiIUCAA PuneIOPBhubaneshwar(TIFR,BARC)Univ. of HyderabadMulti-Gigabit pan-European Research NetworkConnecting 32 European Countries and 28 NRENsBackbone capacity in the range of: 34Mb/s-10Gb/sIIT ChennaiERNET PoPsIISC BangloreUniversities / R&D Institutionsproposed to be connected inIst PhaseAustriaDenmarkCroatiaLithuaniaPolandATDKHRLTPLAdditional Links ProposedBelgiumEstoniaHungaryLuxembourgPortugalBEEEHULUPTSwitzerlandSpainIrelandLatviaRomaniaERNET Backbone LinksCHESIELVROCyprusFinlandIsraelMaltaSwedenCYFIILMTSECzech RepublicFranceIcelandNetherlandsSloveniaTurkeyCZFRISNLSITRGermanyGreeceItalyNorwaySlovakiaUnited KingdomDEGRITNOSKUK
14 IQNET : National QoS Test bed (2005-2007) Collaborative effort between C-DAC, ERNET, IITs (Madras, Bombay, Delhi & Kharagpur)QoS Test bed for experimenting with research ideasResearch activitiesMeasurement InitiativeVoIP InitiativePolicy based QoS InitiativeOutcomes expected would includeProviding QoS in the InternetInterplay with non QoS networked applicationsControl and Management of QoS in IP networks
15 IQNET : Envisaged Connectivity Creation of Local test beds connected to the QoS WAN Test bedQoS WAN Test bed will overlay on existing ERNET backboneQoS test bed traffic and regular ERNET traffic logically separated by running them over two separate VPNsMumbai (P)Pune(P)Kanpur(6PE)KolkataUniv. ofHydIIT Chennai (P)Delhi (P)IIT DelhiIIT MumbaiIISC (6PE)BangloreIITKharagpurCDACERNET DelhiIISCIIT ChennaiLANQoS-Net LinkPProvider Router6PEIPv4/IPv6 EnabledProvider EdgeBackbone LinkMPLS Cloud
16 IQNET : Research Areas in the QoS Testbed Development and deployment of technologies and solutions for distance educationExperiment to provide application QoS by providing priority, RSVP and IntServ architectureNon Co-operative and Co-operative Measurement and CharacterizationIP Telephony applicationsProtocol support for Mobile Wireless Endpoints
17 IQNET : Applications Robotic control applications Distributed simulation and CAD conferencingApplications end point API support for QoS on IPv6Telemedicine and Real Time guided clinical investigationsDeployment of IPTV, H.323 and SIP based telephony and Content Delivery Network
18 IQNET : StatusMeasurement Initiative : PingER (Ping End-to-End Reporting) CollaborationAssociated with SLAC (Stanford University Linear Accelerator Centre) since May 06, 2004Internet End-to-end Performance Measurement (IEPM) project to monitor end-to-end performance of Internet linksMetrics Measured:response time (rtt(ms))variability of the response time both short term (time scale of seconds) and longer,packet loss percentagesand the lack of reachability;Content Distribution Initiative: Planet-lab CollaborationExperimentations exploredMPLS for Linux is a open source effort to create a set of MPLS signaling protocols and an MPLS forwarding plane for the Linux operating systemSimulation of MPLS using NS-2
19 IQNET : Status (Contd…) Started as a remote node and enhanced to monitoring node (our’s is one of the 37 monitoring nodes across the globe)Monitoring 59 IPs across the globeSends 100 and 1000 byte icmp packets periodicallyStatistics are stored at our location and reports are generatedSLAC maintains the central database
20 Presentation to Internet2 & Worldbank Presentation OutlineBackgroundIndian InitiativesC-DAC & PoC GarudaGrid PartnersDiscussions06-Sept-2005Presentation to Internet2 & Worldbank20
22 About C-DAC – II R&D areas High Performance Computing & Grid ComputingScientific & Engineering ApplicationsMultilingual Computing, AAI, Speech Processing &Software Technologies, OSS, MultimediaICT for massesDigital Broadband, Wireless Systems &Network Technologiese-Security Technologies and ServicesPower Electronics, Real-Time Systems &Embedded Systems, VLSI/ ANSI DesignGeomatics, Health Informatics, e-Governance &Agri ElectronicsEducation & Training &e-Learning Technologies & Services
23 High Performance Computing HardwareArchitectureHigh-Performance System DesignVLSI DesignSystem Area Networks (SAN)SwitchesEngineeringSystem Software & UtilitiesCompilersLibrariesToolsBenchmarkingApplication SoftwareScientific & EngineeringBusiness & CommercialAdvanced Computing, Marketing and Solutions GroupHPC Systems & Technology ConsultationDesign and Delivery of HPC facilities and servicesEnd user education and trainingPartnering and collaborations
24 High Performance Computing Garuda – Grid ComputingSocial Computing with participatory approachApplications DevelopmentHigh Speed NetworksReconfigurable ComputingTesting and CertificationHPC Solutions and Training20022007PARAM PadmaViable HPC business computing environment19981994PARAM 10000Platform for User community to interact/ collaborate1991PARAM 8000Technology DenialMORE
25 Vision of Grid Computing Ramakrishnan S, C-DAC04-Dec-2004Vision of Grid ComputingGadgets (Sensors, ……)PeopleSecurityManagementRobustnessScalabilityInter-operabilityDeviceElectronicsContents : Data Engineering, Data ManagementGenericApplications& ToolsDomain Specific Applications & ToolsDistributed, Interconnected, Seemless, Multi-vendorComputing & Resources Fabric:Hardware, Software, Tools, Data, InstrumentsWirelessWireline
26 Indian Grid Computing Initiative Proof of Concept (PoC) GARUDA phasePrecursor to the National Grid Computing Initiative (GRID Garuda)Project Duration of 12 months (April 2005 upto March 2006), starting with Networking Fabric in Collaboration with ERNET, IndiaMajor DeliverablesTechnology Development & Research in Grid ComputingNation-wide high-speed communication fabricGrid ResourcesDeployment of Select applications of National ImportanceGrid Strategic User GroupImplemented by C-DAC
27 Indian Grid Computing Initiative Proof of Concept (PoC) GARUDA phase (Contd..)17 locations till date, 100 Mbps connections with MPLS backbone, configured for peak load of 2.48 GbpsPlanned for multidiscipline academic, research and Engineering applications with some visible demonstratable applications to trigger progression to main phase (Disaster Management and Bioinformatics)Teraflops of Computing power (including existing 1 Teraflop with C-DAC and planned 5 Teraflops early next year), 100s of terabytes data from various Institutions made available to Grid Parteners CommunityIntended to migrate smoothly to the main Grid Project from 2006, to target/address to variety of sectors from basic sciences to major applications
28 GRID GARUDA PoC Components Technology Development and ResearchCommunication FabricComputational ResourcesApplications
29 Technology Development & Research Ramakrishnan S, C-DAC04-Dec-2004Technology Development & ResearchTechnology Deliverables :Architecture & Deployment,Grid Access Mechanisms,Application Frameworks,Problem Solving & ProgramDevelopment Environments,Grid Middleware and Security,Grid Management and MonitoringAchievements so far :Research Initiatives of Integrated Development Environments,Resource Brokers & Meta Schedulers, Mobile Agent Framework,Semantic Grid Services (with MIT Chennai)
30 Ramakrishnan S, C-DAC04-Dec-2004Communication FabricAn ultra-high speed multi services communication fabric connecting across 17 cities in the country to be deployed jointly by C-DAC & ERNET.Ethernet based High Bandwidth capacity, Scalable over entire geographic area with High levels of reliability, fault tolerance and redundancy.Current progress: L2 VPN at 100 Mbps Connectivity between C-DAC, Pune and C-DAC, Bangalore.
31 Module and Cities Module I Module II Module III Pune, Bangalore, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, HyderabadModule IIRoorke, Guwahati, Kharagpur, Thiruvananthapuram, KanpurModule IIIAllahabad, Chandigarh, Lucknow, Varanasi
32 Ramakrishnan S, C-DAC04-Dec-2004Grid ResourcesObjective is to Provide heterogeneous resources in the Grid including Compute, Data, Software and Scientific Instruments Deploy Test facilitates for Grid related research and development activitiesDeliverables Grid enablement of C-DAC resources at Bangalore and Pune, Aggregation of Partner Resources Setting up of PoC Test Bed and Grid Labs at Bangalore, Pune, Hyderabad and ChennaiAggregation of Resources: Prospective partners for grid resources have been identified & Finalization of specific details under progressSetting up of PoC Test Bed & Grid Labs: Grid Lab equipment has been received and testing under progress, C-DAC to also set up a grid lab at SAC, Ahmedabad
33 Applications of Importance for PoC Garuda Disaster ManagementApplication on GarudaObjective: Enable applications of national importance.TeraScale ApplicationsWeather and Climate modelingSeismic Data processingComputational Fluid DynamicsStructural MechanicsBasic SciencesGrid-enabled ApplicationsBioinformaticsDisaster ManagementData Integration & SharingEarthquake ResearchCryptanalysisPARAM Padma at BangaloreASAR flight data transmission from nearby AirportS A C Ahmedabadat PuneUserAgenciesGRID Communication FabricHigh Speed Commn
35 Presentation to Internet2 & Worldbank Presentation OutlineBackgroundIndian InitiativesC-DAC & PoC GarudaGrid PartnersDiscussions06-Sept-2005Presentation to Internet2 & Worldbank35
36 Collaborators & Partners : PoC Garuda C-DAC Centers (10 Locations)Centre for Development of Advanced Computing at :-Pune,Bangalore,Delhi,Hyderabad,Mumbai,Chennai,Kolkata,Mohali,Noida,ThiruvananthpuramAcademiaIndian Institute of Science, BangaloreMadras Institute of Technology, ChennaiUniversity of Pune, PuneCentral University, HyderabadIndian Institute of Technology at :-KharagpurKanpurDelhiMumbaiChennai &GuwahatiGuwahati University, GuwahatiMotilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, AllahabadJawaharlal Nehru University, DelhiInstitute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, VaranasiResearch LabsNational Chemical Laboratory, PuneBhabha Atomic Research Centre, MumbaiSpace Applications Centre, AhmedabadInstitute for Plasma Research, AhmedabadPhysical Research Laboratory, AhmedabadSaha Institute of Nuclear Physics / Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, ChennaiRegional Cancer Centre, ChennaiVikram Sarabhai Space Centre, ChennaiInstitutionsJawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, BangaloreIndian Institute of Astrophysics, PuneNational Center for Radio Astrophysics, PuneCentre for DNA Fingerprinting and DiagnosticsInstitute of Mathematical Sciences, ChennaiInstitute of Microbial Technology, ChandigarhHarish-Chandra Research Institute, AllahabadCentral Drug Research Institute, LucknowSanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, LucknowGovernment CollaboratorsERNET India
37 PoC GARUDA Collaborations - In place.. Ramakrishnan S, C-DAC04-Dec-2004PoC GARUDA Collaborations - In place..SAC, Ahmedabad : Collaboration on Disaster Management and Grid MiddlewareIndian Institute of Science, Bangalore : Collaboration with Centre for Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences (CAOS) Department for Simulations on GRID Garuda with coupled atmosphere-ocean-land modelMIT, Chennai : Collaboration on Grid Middleware Development, Development of Front End Tools for Grid ServicesIIT, Mumbai: Collaboration & MoU for porting of CFD solutionUniversity of Pune : In application Areas of Quantum Chemistry, Materials Modeling, BioinformaticsNCL, Pune : Collaboration in the field of Multi-scale Modeling & Simulation, Large-scale Data Analysis & Mining, HPC & Grid Tools
38 Presentation to Internet2 & Worldbank Where we stand..Grid Computing and High Speed Networking: Main Phase of C-DAC’s Grid Computing project connecting major 200+ Universities, major 300+ R&D/S&T Labs with a backbone of 10+ Gbps, international connectivity of 10 Gbps, 50+ teraflops of computing power, petaflops of storage, major mission and sectoral applicationsPlanned collaboration in areas of Application, Middleware and Mission Critical Use for Institutions/Industrial R & D units/labs to the above, with dependable, consistent, pervasive, secure and inexpensive access to computational resources06-Sept-2005Presentation to Internet2 & Worldbank38
40 Coupled GCM-RCM Simulations on Mausam GRID Advantages:General Circulation Models (GCM’s) and Regional Climate Models (RCM’s) can run on machines that are physically distributedBoth the models need not be ported to the same platformsThe models can be owned by different organizations
41 Mausam GRID Application Drivers: Monsoon Forecasting using GCM Monsoon Rainfall Downscaling using coupled atmosphere-ocean systemExtended range monsoon prediction – multimodel simulations data gridCoupled regional atmosphere-air quality models
42 Grid Computing for Bioinformatics Ramakrishnan S, C-DAC04-Dec-2004Grid Computing for BioinformaticsMore than 276 genomes have been sequenced and genome sequencing of 1220 organisms are at various levels of completion.Information retrieved from genome data can prove invaluable for pharmaceutical industries, for in silico drug target identification and new drug discovery.The enormity of data and complexity of algorithms make the above tasks computationally demanding, necessitating the effective use of computational resources beyond those available to researchers at a single locationGrid technologies enable sharing of bioinformatics data from different sites by creating a virtual organization of the data.
43 Earthquake Observatory Earthquake Research GridMain Features -This will connect all the major Earthquake Engineering centers and some identified high performance computer centers of India with high speed network.This will maintain a database of the digital earthquake data from different earthquake observatories and experimental results from Earthquake laboratories.This will host all the standard software those are necessary to analyze, process and visualize earthquake data.Earthquake researchers from remote places can access this facility through web browsers.The algorithms developed by the EE researchers will also be plugged into this facility and make it available to the other researchers.Data ServerInternetUser-2User-3User-1User-4Software ServerCompute nodesEarthquake ObservatoryEE Labs
44 Thank You! www.cdac.in Advanced Computing for Human Advancement 06-Sept-2005Presentation to Internet2 & Worldbank44