Presentation on theme: "Financing POPs waste disposal Identifying resources for actions under the Stockholm Convention David Piper Task Manager (POPs enabling activities) UNEP."— Presentation transcript:
Financing POPs waste disposal Identifying resources for actions under the Stockholm Convention David Piper Task Manager (POPs enabling activities) UNEP DGEF
Article 12: Technical Assistance –recognizes the importance of technical assistance in response to requests from developing and economy in transition countries (paragraph 1) The Convention identifies who is to receive technical assistance: –developing country Parties and Parties with economies in transition (paragraph 2) who is to provide technical assistance: –developed country Parties and other Parties in accordance with their capabilities (paragraph 3) the type of technical assistance to be provided: –technical assistance for capacity-building relating to implementation of the SC (paragraph 3) further guidance is to be developed by the COP.
Article 13: Financial Resources Establishes a financial mechanism and requires developed Parties to provide new & additional resources … to meet agreed full incremental costs Encourages developed Parties to assist through bilateral and other channels COP to provide guidance to the FM and to define its operational structure
Article 14: Interim principal entity Global Environment Facility To serve, on an interim basis, as the principal entity entrusted with the operation of the financial mechanism of the Convention –until the COP decides on the institutional structure of the permanent financial mechanism has established a focal area for POPs –Widening to chemicals management? Has established Operational Programme OP14 Has allocated US $ 250 m for this replenishment
1 st Conference of Parties Agenda for COP1 broadly in 3 areas: Convention operation & administration Convention reporting & action planning by Parties Convention resources – technical & financial
COP1: Convention resources decide guidance on Technical Assistance including regional centres adopt guidance to the Financial Mechanism & review process for FM –Technical areas –Priorities –Eligibility approve MOU with GEF Council
GEF: strengths & opportunities US$ 250 million allocation Potential for major & costly projects beyond other individual grant donors Country driven Public Operational Programme with set objectives and targets –linked to advice from the CoP - a personal view
GEF: weaknesses & threats Lengthy & broken project cycle –2-4 years to start a full-size project? Unclear incremental cost calculations –‘global element of new and additional costs’ Concentration on new and innovative rather than ‘investment’ –Council & CoP priorities may differ Cofinancing difficulties & donor fatigue –1:1 if $5m from GEF –How long will Chemicals be ‘in the spotlight’? Resource Allocation Framework –Allocations based on country potential to generate global benefits + country performance - a personal view
Other sources of funding Bilateral –Importance of linking NIP actions to development and assistance strategies National –policy synergies, incorporating Stockholm objectives into Government business Industry initiatives & Public-Private Partnerships –Seeking private capital to increase total investments
Global PCB replacement - a ‘back of envelope’ calculation c. 1 x 10 6 t oil c. 3 x 10 6 t equip + oil total destruction costs c. $6.kg -1 –destruction $1.kg -1 –shipping, handling etc $5.kg -1 = $ 18 Bn c. $20 Bn 20 years to replace $ 1 Bn.a -1 Total GEF POPs = $60M.a -1 all on PCBs? If 1/3 on PCBs = $20 M.a -1 Cofinancing ratio GEF 1:50 Others
Concluding remarks Importance of defining priorities & realistic actions Actions identified under NIPs not necessarily for ‘chemical managers’ –Wastes a good example; Cooperation between Basel & Stockholm Conventions & different actors key to improving effectiveness and efficiency Consistent advice to policy makers & representatives at CoP, GEF, donor meetings A variety of funding mechanisms is needed Opportunities to work regionally?
Thank You David Piper Task Manager (POPs enabling activities) UNEP DGEF firstname.lastname@example.org
COP1: Convention ‘operation & administration’ Adopt Rules of Procedure Review the status of Non- compliance Consider the report of the Vienna meeting on Liability and redress Adopt technical annexes on rules of arbitration and on conciliation for the settlement of disputes Adopt terms of reference for the POPs Review Committee Adopt financial rules Decide a permanent location for the Secretariat Adopt the Secretariat activities and budget (2006-2007)
COP1: Convention Reporting & action planning Decide review and updating process for NIPs arrangements for providing comparable data needed for Effectiveness evaluation reporting format, review process & extention requests –for assessment of continued need for DDT in disease vector control –for Specific exemptions ? clearing house mechanism Adopt BAT-BEP Guidance & the By- productsToolkit POPs Waste Guidelines developed under Basel Convention interim guidance for NIPs