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Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Using the Presentation School Network Shared Drive/VLE Presentation on shared drive Delivered to whole class by projector/

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Using the Presentation School Network Shared Drive/VLE Presentation on shared drive Delivered to whole class by projector/"— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Using the Presentation School Network Shared Drive/VLE Presentation on shared drive Delivered to whole class by projector/ interactive whiteboard Accessed by individual students on screen Used by learning support assistants Notes View pages used as reference Print-outs support homework Print-outs can be sent to absentees Students will access from home via the Internet and the VLE

2 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Teaching and Learning Programme – Recycling and Rubbish Reduction in East Riding of Yorkshire Lesson texts

3 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Module 1 – Dont drop litter. Why not? Module 2 – What a load of rubbish Module 3 – Whats in your rubbish? Module 4 – Produce less. Create more! Module breakdown

4 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates MODULE ONE Dont drop litter. Why not?

5 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Litter = Rubbish = Waste = Resource Litter is more than an eyesore. It is a hazard. Think of some of the problems this may cause. Litter Fire Safety Health Threat to wildlife

6 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Thousands of car and bicycle accidents happen each year because of litter Problems caused by litter Every 12 minutes a fire starts because of litter Did you know Litter is a Safety Hazard Litter is a Fire Hazard

7 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Rats live in litter - they have fleas that carry disease Thousands of animals choke on litter each year Problems caused by litter Did you know Litter is a Health Hazard Litter is a Threat to Wildlife

8 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Litter facts Litter can take months or even years to rot away (biodegrade). Think of some materials that can take several months to rot away. A cotton shirt Paper Orange peel A newspaperA paper bag

9 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Litter facts Some materials take many years to rot away. Can you think of any? Plastic bags Leather Metal containers Discuss how many years you think it will take for these pieces of rubbish to rot away. Takeaway containers

10 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Litter facts Plastic bags Leather Metal containers Up to 20 years Up to 40 years Up to 100 years ? Just think how much decomposing litter (litter that is rotting away) is lying on our planet!

11 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Prevent litter - reduce waste Some examples: You are making the area more beautiful You are setting an example for others to get rid of litter themselves You are making it less likely that others will drop litter because the area is clean and tidy You are reducing the amount of waste in your area. after East Riding of Yorkshire - its a beautiful place to live, lets keep it that way. L k How can picking up litter make a difference? What do you think?

12 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates MODULE ONE Activities

13 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates What hazards can litter cause? Task 1 What hazards do you think litter causes apart from looking untidy and spoiling the countryside? Activity 1 Fire hazards Safety hazards Health hazards Threats to wildlife

14 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates How long does it take for litter to rot away? Activity 2 Task 2 Discuss how long it would take for the following objects to rot away: A baked bean can A newspaper Some orange peel A leather belt A cotton shirt

15 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates MODULE TWO What a load of rubbish!

16 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates ERYC waste facts To hit this target we all need to help! 2002/3 records show that: In 2002/3 East Riding of Yorkshire Council collected 189,832 tonnes of household waste. This doesnt include waste produced by factories and businesses - that is called commercial waste. Almost all of the household waste was buried in landfill sites. Councils all round the country have been set targets for recycling waste 25,184 tonnes of household waste was recycled. That was 13% of the waste collected East Riding of Yorkshire Council must recycle 27% of household waste by 2005/06.

17 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Amount of waste recycled by ERYC during 2002/03

18 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Amount of waste that needs to be recycled by ERYC during 2005/06

19 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates How you can help ERYC achieve their recycling target Think about places in East Riding of Yorkshire where you can take your rubbish to be recycled. These are called bring sites – ERYC has more than 100 bring sites Some supermarket car parks, leisure centres, pub car parks, outside schools Do you know where your nearest bring site is?

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22 How you can help ERYC achieve their recycling target What else can you do? Household waste recycling sites (the tip) – ERYC has 10 of these sites Kerbside recycling – ERYC has just launched a wheeled bin kerbside recycling scheme What can you do at home?

23 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Recycling our rubbish Lots of you have a new blue wheelie bin at home to use for recycling. This is called kerbside recycling. Use your blue wheelie bin for rubbish that can be recycled - paper and magazines. Take glass to the glass banks (at most bring sites).

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25 Recycling our rubbish Remember to use your green wheelie bin for rubbish that cant be recycled like polystyrene and tissues. Remember - Blue bin recycling - Green bin rubbish Go on - use that Blue BIN!

26 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Facts and figures ERYCs 2002/03 Household Waste Figures Total CollectedLandfillRecycled% Recycled 189,832 tonnes164,648 tonnes25,184 tonnes 13.3 Just look at these figures. What percentage is recycled? Do you think this is enough?

27 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Waste sites in East Riding of Yorkshire

28 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Landfill If you dont recycle where does the rubbish go? It goes to landfill

29 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Facts about landfill Landfill – is when untreated rubbish is tipped into holes in the ground. When the hole is full the top is covered and the ground is returned to other uses. New landfill sites are becoming harder to find. In East Riding of Yorkshire there is plenty of beautiful countryside - but do we want to pollute it with rubbish and create lots of ugly tips across our area? What do you know about it?

30 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Facts about landfill So what can we do instead of sending our rubbish to landfill? Here is a landfill site in East Riding of Yorkshire.

31 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Imagine what the Humber Bridge would look like piled high in a years worth of rubbish.

32 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates MODULE TWO Activities

33 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Facts and figures Activity 3 Task 3 Using the figures provided on factsheets 1 and 2 create a pie chart or graph showing the amount of waste sent to landfill and the amount of waste recycled (in tonnes). Create a second pie chart or graph to show how much waste should have been recycled to meet the 27% target for 2005.

34 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates ERYC waste facts To hit this target they need everyones help! 2002/3 records show that: In 2002/3 East Riding of Yorkshire Council collected 189,832 tonnes of household waste. This doesnt include waste produced by factories and businesses - that is called commercial waste. Almost all of the household waste was buried in landfill sites. Fact sheet 1 25,184 tonnes of household waste was recycled. That was 13% of the waste collected East Riding of Yorkshire Council must recycle 27% of household waste by 2005/06. Councils all round the country have been set targets for recycling waste

35 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Facts and figures 2002/03 Household Waste Figures Total CollectedLandfillRecycled% Recycled 189,832164,64825,184 Discuss in groups what percentage of waste collected is recycled. Fact sheet 2

36 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates MODULE THREE Whats in your rubbish?

37 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Whats in your rubbish? An average family will produce 1,250 kilograms of household waste each year. A small car like a Mini! Unfortunately, your household waste is bulkier (takes up more space) than a Mini Cooper and fills at least a wheelie bin every week. What else would weigh this much?

38 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates In 2002, ERYC produced 189,832 tonnes of household waste A wheelie bin holds approximately 10 kilograms of waste Therefore, in 2002, ERYCs waste filled 18,900,000 wheelie bins. Whats in your rubbish? If you stood these wheelie bins side by side they would stretch from Spurn to Flamborough and back 58 times!

39 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Whats in your rubbish? Discuss what rubbish is in your bin at home. Here are some examples of the rubbish that a typical bin contains: Organic waste (like vegetable peelings) Paper and card (mostly packaging) Newspapers and magazines Glass bottles and jars Plastics (bottles and bags) Metal cans Textiles Other waste materials 8% 9% 16% 3% 20% 30% 6% 8% Note: figures provided are percentages of overall weight

40 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Percentages of different types of rubbish

41 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates MODULE THREE Activities

42 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates What do you think is in your bin? Activity 4 Task 4 Using the information provided on factsheet 3 produce a bar chart or pie chart showing the percentages of types of waste in a typical household wheelie bin.

43 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates What percentages of rubbish? Discuss what rubbish you think there is most of in a typical bin. Organic waste (like vegetable peelings) Paper and card (mostly packaging) Newspapers and magazines Glass bottles and jars Plastics (bottles and bags) Metal cans Textiles Other waste materials 20% 30% 16% 9% 8% 6% 3% 8% Factsheet 3 Note: figures provided are percentages of overall weight

44 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Task 5 Family Survey – how much household waste do you think your family produces in one week? As a class, discuss what types of waste should be counted in columns on your survey chart Fill in the heading for each column Show the days of the week in the rows of the chart Using the Household Waste Survey chart you have designed, collect information each day that will show the types of waste that are thrown away in your house Count the number of items for each column and enter the information each day. What do you think is in your bin? Activity 5

45 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Task 6 Decide the best way to show the results of your survey. This can be done by hand or using a computer. What do you think is in your bin? Activity 6

46 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates MODULE FOUR Produce less. Create more!

47 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Think before you junk! The National Waste Strategy 2000 said that councils must recycle more waste instead of just dumping it! So what can you do to help? The strategy suggests ways of producing less waste. Reduce Reuse Recycle Recover What do you think these might be? This is called the waste hierarchy!

48 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Reduction Discuss what you think is meant by reduction of waste. Reduction means sending less waste to landfill. A tonne of waste prevented is a tonne less to bury

49 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Reuse Discuss what you think is meant by reuse of waste. Reuse means reusing things, such as glass bottles, returnable plastic crates, shoes, spectacles or even computers. Some products are designed to be reused a number of times.

50 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Recycling Discuss what you think is meant by recycling of waste. Recycling means turning rubbish into new products. Lots of things can be recycled. In East Riding of Yorkshire a kerbside recycling scheme means you can recycle: Paper Magazines In the future the kerbside recycling scheme will include: Cans Plastics

51 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Recovery Discuss what you think is meant by recovery of waste. Recovery involves transforming (changing) the material by reprocessing it. For example, burning waste, or extracting methane from a landfill site, to generate heat or electricity.

52 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates What materials can be sorted? There are many projects being started across the country to support the reduction of waste. In all areas these plans encourage the sorting of materials that can be recycled. If people sort the waste at home, (called kerbside collection), then less waste has to be disposed of. Think of some materials that can be sorted before collection: Compost bins help households to recycle their kitchen peelings and garden waste. textiles glass cans paper organics plastics

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54 Get it sorted - spread the word! Tell everyone who cant recycle at home to do their bit by using our Household Waste Recycling Centres (tip). Discuss what you could find at these centres: glass banks save-a-can banks paper banks places for textiles places for garden rubbish.

55 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates How do you think you could help when taking rubbish to the Household Waste Recycling Centres? You could: wash out bottles, cans and jars take the labels off them as well crush the cans and plastic bottles to take up less space. How you can help when it comes to recycling Safety First be careful when handling rubbish ask an adult to crush cans for you watch out for sharp edges. Where is your nearest recycling centre? Visit

56 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Think! When getting rid of your rubbish think about the 4Rs. What are the 4Rs? Reduce - Dont create waste - if we cut down on the things we use we will produce less waste Reuse - Use it again before you throw it away check to see if it can be re-used by someone else Recycle - Can it be recycled? Recover - Can the energy locked up inside it be converted into something useful? If it has to be thrown away (disposal) can we do it safely? Get that rubbish sorted !!!

57 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Recycled Products Recycling means manufacturing a new product from old, used material. Lots of recycled products are available. Cardboard containers Toilet rolls Plastic bottles Fleece jackets Used aluminium cans New aluminium cans Used glass bottles New glass bottles The display in the photograph shows waste materials that have been collected (on the left) and then recycled into new products (on the right).

58 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Recycled Products At the moment there is not enough demand for recycled products. Lots of information on products that can be recycled is available. For more information on these products you could use an internet search engine using the key words you have learnt about recycling. A manufacturer will automatically choose to use a raw material rather than a recycled one if there is no demand from the public. To make sure more waste is recycled we must start using recycled products.

59 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates MODULE FOUR Activities

60 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Group work – waste disposal Task 7(a) Discuss what you think is meant by landfill. What do you think are the problems of this method of getting rid of waste (waste disposal)? What type of products are reused in your house? What do you think is meant by recycling? Make a list of the types of waste that can be recycled. Activity 7(a)

61 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Group work – recycling in your area Task 7(b) Discuss the type of recycling that takes place in your area Activity 7(b) Write a report about recycling in your local area. You should include the following in your report: what material is recycled how the material is collected where the material is collected who collects the material what you think happens to it when it is collected.

62 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Group work - Presentation Task 7(c) Using the images in the recycling folder, and using your answers to Task 7(a) and 7(b), make a multi-media presentation to show to the class. Work in small groups. Activity 7 (c)

63 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Get the message across Task 8 Activity 8 Design a poster that will be used in an advertising campaign about recycling. The campaign is aimed at promoting recycling and will be used to educate the general public.

64 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates REFERENCE MATERIAL

65 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Glossary 1 (Primary) Biodegrade – when a product breaks down, safely and disappears into the environment. Bring sites – a place where people take their rubbish to be recycled. Civic amenity site – a place where people take their bulky waste. Collection facilities – all of the organised collection networks available to people. Contaminants – materials that have been mixed with other materials when they shouldnt have been. Controlled waste – industrial, household and commercial waste. Disposal – getting rid of rubbish. Home composting – the breaking down of kitchen and garden waste to either produce a soil conditioner or to achieve a reduction in their collected waste. Household waste – all wastes covered by Schedules 1 and 2 of the Controlled Waste Regulations Household waste recycling sites – see bring sites. Kerbside recycling – a system where the householder puts their waste or recoverable materials into a container or bag and places it, on a specific day, outside of their property, for collection.

66 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Landfill site – a place where rubbish is tipped into the ground. Municipal waste – all waste collected by or on behalf of local councils and includes all household waste, street cleaning waste and some business waste. Processing – the treatment of recyclable, compostable or otherwise recoverable materials at a Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) or other facility, prior to reprocessing. Recover – to transform material by using it again for the original purpose or for other purposes. Recycle – to reprocess rubbish for the original purpose or for other purposes. Recycling – the reprocessing of rubbish into new products e.g. paper, glass, cardboard, plastics and scrap metals can be recycled. Reprocessing – the treatment of recyclable or compostable materials, after collection and processing, to prepare a secondary material that meets market specifications. Reduce – to reduce the actual amount of rubbish produced. Residue – materials sent for final disposal after collection and processing. Reuse – involves products designed to be used a number of times in the same form, such as glass milk bottles or returnable plastic crates. Glossary 2 (Primary)

67 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Special waste – defined under the Special Waste Regulations In broad terms, any wastes on the European Hazardous Waste list that have one or more of 14 defined hazardous properties. Controlled waste, which consists of, or contains, substances which are dangerous to life as defined in UK regulations. Sustainable development – development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Waste (rubbish) – products which have been discarded by the householder, business, or other waste generator, as having no further use. Waste management – management of the collection, recovery and disposal of wastes. Waste minimisation – the reduction of waste. Further sources of information: - Waste not, want not – A strategy for tackling the waste problem in England (November 2002) - Review of environmental & health effects of waste management (May 2004) Glossary 3 (Primary)

68 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Glossary 1 (Secondary) Biodegrade – when a product breaks down, safely and relatively quickly, by biological means, into the raw materials of nature and disappear into the environment. Bring sites – a place where people take their waste and/or their recyclable, compostable or otherwise recoverable materials. Civic amenity site – facility provided by a local authority for householders to take bulky household waste, garden waste and other household wastes, which are not normally taken by vehicles on domestic collection rounds. Collection facilities – all the collection infrastructure available to the householders for the collection of waste and recyclable, compostable or otherwise recoverable materials, civic amenity sites and mini recycling centres. Contaminants – misplaced materials that are not targeted (including dirty materials) but which are set out by the householder in the programme facilities. Contaminants can also be the result of failure to maintain the separation of the targeted materials during the collection and processing. Controlled waste – Industrial, household and commercial waste, as defined in UK legislation. Disposal – getting rid of rubbish as a last resort.

69 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Home composting – the aerobic decomposition of kitchen and garden putrescible waste organised by householders in private gardens or allotments, to either produce a soil conditioner or to achieve a reduction in their collected waste. Household waste – all wastes covered by Schedules 1 and 2 of the Controlled Waste Regulations Household waste recycling sites – see bring sites. Kerbside recycling – a system of waste recycling in which the householder or other waste generator places their waste or recoverable materials into a container or bag and places it, on a specific day, at the curtilage or in the immediate vicinity of their property, for collection. Landfill site – site used for waste disposal into/onto land. Municipal waste – all waste collected by or on behalf of local authorities and includes all household waste, street cleaning waste and some commercial and trade waste. Processing – the treatment or upgrading of recyclable, compostable or otherwise recoverable materials at a Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) or other facility, prior to reprocessing. Upgrading operations include sorting, densification, shredding, bulking. Recover – to transform material by extracting value from it through reprocessing the material in a production process for the original purpose or for other purposes, including energy recovery. This is also referred to as to valorise. Glossary 2 (Secondary)

70 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Recycle – to reprocess waste materials in a production process for the original purpose or for other purposes, including composting but excluding energy recovery. Recycling – the reprocessing of wastes into new products. Many non-hazardous wastes such as paper, glass, cardboard, plastics and scrap metals can be recycled. Certain special (hazardous) wastes such as solvents can also be recycled. Reprocessing – the treatment of recyclable or compostable materials, after collection and processing, to prepare a secondary material that meets market specifications. For example, composting, the production of recycled plastic pellets, recyled paper or clean glass cullet. Reduce – to reduce the actual amount of waste produced. Residue – materials sent for final disposal after collection and processing. Residues comprise both contaminants and targeted materials that have been either missed during sorting, or contaminated so they cannot be sorted to the specification. Reuse – involves products designed to be used a number of times in the same form, such as glass milk bottles or returnable plastic crates. Special waste – defined under the Special Waste Regulations In broad terms, any wastes on the European Hazardous Waste list that have one or more of 14 defined hazardous properties. Controlled waste, which consists of, or contains, substances, which are dangerous to life as defined in UK regulations. Glossary 3 (Secondary)

71 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Sustainable development – development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Waste (rubbish) – products which have been discarded by the householder, commercial outlet, institution, industry or other waste generator, as having no further use. Waste management – management of the collection, recovery and disposal of wastes, including options for waste reduction. Waste minimisation – the reduction of waste at source, by understanding and changing processes to reduce and prevent waste. This is also known as process or resource efficiency. Waste minimisation can include the substitution of less environmentally harmful materials in the production process. Further sources of information: - Waste not, want not – A strategy for tackling the waste problem in England (November 2002) - Review of environmental & health effects of waste management (May 2004) Glossary 4 (Secondary)

72 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Useful websites


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