Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Teaching and Learning Programme – Recycling and Rubbish Reduction in East Riding of Yorkshire Lesson texts.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Teaching and Learning Programme – Recycling and Rubbish Reduction in East Riding of Yorkshire Lesson texts."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Teaching and Learning Programme – Recycling and Rubbish Reduction in East Riding of Yorkshire Lesson texts

2 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Module 1 – Don’t drop litter. Why not? Module 2 – What a load of rubbish Module 3 – What’s in your rubbish? Module 4 – Produce less. Create more! Module breakdown

3 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates MODULE THREE What’s in your rubbish?

4 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates What’s in your rubbish? An average family will produce 1,250 kilograms of household waste each year. A small car like a Mini! Unfortunately, your household waste is bulkier (takes up more space) than a Mini Cooper and fills at least a wheelie bin every week. What else would weigh this much?

5 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates  In 2005/06, ERYC produced 200,000 tonnes of household waste  A wheelie bin holds approximately 10 kilograms of waste  Therefore, in 2005/06, ERYC’s waste filled 20,000,000 wheelie bins. What’s in your rubbish? If you stood these wheelie bins side by side they would stretch from Spurn to Flamborough and back 58 times!

6 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates What’s in your rubbish? Discuss what rubbish is in your bin at home. Here are some examples of the rubbish that a typical bin contains: Organic waste (like vegetable peelings) Paper and card (mostly packaging) Newspapers and magazines Glass bottles and jars Plastics (bottles and bags) Metal cans Textiles Other waste materials 8% 9% 16% 3% 20% 30% 6% 8% Note: figures provided are percentages of overall weight

7 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Percentages of different types of rubbish

8 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates MODULE THREE Activities

9 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates What do you think is in your bin? Activity 4 Task 4 Using the information provided on factsheet 3 produce a bar chart or pie chart showing the percentages of types of waste in a typical household wheelie bin.

10 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates What percentages of rubbish? Discuss what rubbish you think there is most of in a typical bin. Organic waste (like vegetable peelings) Paper and card (mostly packaging) Newspapers and magazines Glass bottles and jars Plastics (bottles and bags) Metal cans Textiles Other waste materials 20% 30% 16% 9% 8% 6% 3% 8% Factsheet 3 Note: figures provided are percentages of overall weight

11 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Task 5 Family Survey – how much household waste do you think your family produces in one week?  As a class, discuss what types of waste should be counted in columns on your survey chart  Fill in the heading for each column  Show the days of the week in the rows of the chart  Using the ‘Household Waste Survey’ chart you have designed, collect information each day that will show the types of waste that are thrown away in your house  Count the number of items for each column and enter the information each day. What do you think is in your bin? Activity 5

12 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates REFERENCE MATERIAL

13 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Glossary 1 (Primary) Biodegrade – when a product breaks down, safely and disappears into the environment. Bring sites – a place where people take their rubbish to be recycled. Civic amenity site – a place where people take their bulky waste. Collection facilities – all of the organised collection networks available to people. Contaminants – materials that have been mixed with other materials when they shouldn’t have been. Controlled waste – industrial, household and commercial waste. Disposal – getting rid of rubbish. Home composting – the breaking down of kitchen and garden waste to either produce a soil conditioner or to achieve a reduction in their collected waste. Household waste – all wastes covered by Schedules 1 and 2 of the Controlled Waste Regulations Household waste recycling sites – see ‘bring sites’. Kerbside recycling – a system where the householder puts their waste or recoverable materials into a container or bag and places it, on a specific day, outside of their property, for collection.

14 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Landfill site – a place where rubbish is tipped into the ground. Municipal waste – all waste collected by or on behalf of local councils and includes all household waste, street cleaning waste and some business waste. Processing – the treatment of recyclable, compostable or otherwise recoverable materials at a Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) or other facility, prior to reprocessing. Recover – to transform material by using it again for the original purpose or for other purposes. Recycle – to reprocess rubbish for the original purpose or for other purposes. Recycling – the reprocessing of rubbish into new products e.g. paper, glass, cardboard, plastics and scrap metals can be recycled. Reprocessing – the treatment of recyclable or compostable materials, after collection and processing, to prepare a secondary material that meets market specifications. Reduce – to reduce the actual amount of rubbish produced. Residue – materials sent for final disposal after collection and processing. Reuse – involves products designed to be used a number of times in the same form, such as glass milk bottles or returnable plastic crates. Glossary 2 (Primary)

15 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Special waste – defined under the Special Waste Regulations In broad terms, any wastes on the European Hazardous Waste list that have one or more of 14 defined hazardous properties. Controlled waste, which consists of, or contains, substances which are ‘dangerous to life’ as defined in UK regulations. Sustainable development – development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Waste (rubbish) – products which have been discarded by the householder, business, or other waste generator, as having no further use. Waste management – management of the collection, recovery and disposal of wastes. Waste minimisation – the reduction of waste. Further sources of information: - Waste not, want not – A strategy for tackling the waste problem in England (November 2002) - Review of environmental & health effects of waste management (May 2004) Glossary 3 (Primary)

16 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Glossary 1 (Secondary) Biodegrade – when a product breaks down, safely and relatively quickly, by biological means, into the raw materials of nature and disappear into the environment. Bring sites – a place where people take their waste and/or their recyclable, compostable or otherwise recoverable materials. Civic amenity site – facility provided by a local authority for householders to take bulky household waste, garden waste and other household wastes, which are not normally taken by vehicles on domestic collection rounds. Collection facilities – all the collection infrastructure available to the householders for the collection of waste and recyclable, compostable or otherwise recoverable materials, civic amenity sites and mini recycling centres. Contaminants – misplaced materials that are not targeted (including dirty materials) but which are set out by the householder in the programme facilities. Contaminants can also be the result of failure to maintain the separation of the targeted materials during the collection and processing. Controlled waste – Industrial, household and commercial waste, as defined in UK legislation. Disposal – getting rid of rubbish as a last resort.

17 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Home composting – the aerobic decomposition of kitchen and garden putrescible waste organised by householders in private gardens or allotments, to either produce a soil conditioner or to achieve a reduction in their collected waste. Household waste – all wastes covered by Schedules 1 and 2 of the Controlled Waste Regulations Household waste recycling sites – see ‘bring sites’. Kerbside recycling – a system of waste recycling in which the householder or other waste generator places their waste or recoverable materials into a container or bag and places it, on a specific day, at the curtilage or in the immediate vicinity of their property, for collection. Landfill site – site used for waste disposal into/onto land. Municipal waste – all waste collected by or on behalf of local authorities and includes all household waste, street cleaning waste and some commercial and trade waste. Processing – the treatment or upgrading of recyclable, compostable or otherwise recoverable materials at a Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) or other facility, prior to reprocessing. Upgrading operations include sorting, densification, shredding, bulking. Recover – to transform material by extracting value from it through reprocessing the material in a production process for the original purpose or for other purposes, including energy recovery. This is also referred to as ‘to valorise’. Glossary 2 (Secondary)

18 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Recycle – to reprocess waste materials in a production process for the original purpose or for other purposes, including composting but excluding energy recovery. Recycling – the reprocessing of wastes into new products. Many non-hazardous wastes such as paper, glass, cardboard, plastics and scrap metals can be recycled. Certain special (hazardous) wastes such as solvents can also be recycled. Reprocessing – the treatment of recyclable or compostable materials, after collection and processing, to prepare a secondary material that meets market specifications. For example, composting, the production of recycled plastic pellets, recyled paper or clean glass cullet. Reduce – to reduce the actual amount of waste produced. Residue – materials sent for final disposal after collection and processing. Residues comprise both contaminants and targeted materials that have been either missed during sorting, or contaminated so they cannot be sorted to the specification. Reuse – involves products designed to be used a number of times in the same form, such as glass milk bottles or returnable plastic crates. Special waste – defined under the Special Waste Regulations In broad terms, any wastes on the European Hazardous Waste list that have one or more of 14 defined hazardous properties. Controlled waste, which consists of, or contains, substances, which are ‘dangerous to life’ as defined in UK regulations. Glossary 3 (Secondary)

19 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Sustainable development – development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Waste (rubbish) – products which have been discarded by the householder, commercial outlet, institution, industry or other waste generator, as having no further use. Waste management – management of the collection, recovery and disposal of wastes, including options for waste reduction. Waste minimisation – the reduction of waste at source, by understanding and changing processes to reduce and prevent waste. This is also known as process or resource efficiency. Waste minimisation can include the substitution of less environmentally harmful materials in the production process. Further sources of information: - Waste not, want not – A strategy for tackling the waste problem in England (November 2002) - Review of environmental & health effects of waste management (May 2004) Glossary 4 (Secondary)

20 Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Useful websites


Download ppt "Copyright © 2004 TC Associates Teaching and Learning Programme – Recycling and Rubbish Reduction in East Riding of Yorkshire Lesson texts."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google