Presentation on theme: " DIRECT RULE : Introduced after bloody Sunday. Britain had hoped it would be temporary. All through 72 – the British government talked to each political."— Presentation transcript:
DIRECT RULE : Introduced after bloody Sunday. Britain had hoped it would be temporary. All through 72 – the British government talked to each political party to try to get agreement about power sharing. The British government recognised that their had to be an Irish dimension. Irish nationalists wanted some links with the Republic.
This would be very difficult for Unionists to accept – many would see it as the first step in a process leading to a united Ireland. “The thin edge of the wedge.” The British government decided to hold a border poll on whether Northern Ireland should remain part of the UK or join the rest of Ireland.
They hoped that a vote on this issue would calm the Unionists down and make them feel safe. Only Unionists voted in the poll and 98% voted for Northern Ireland to stay part of the UK.
1) Northern Ireland to stay part of the UK as long as a majority vote for it – consent. 2) a new government for Northern Ireland should be elected called an Assembly by PR. 3) There must be a power sharing arrangement in the government to give both communities a say in how their country is run. 4) Power would be handed over from London to the Northern Ireland government when it was up and running.
The SDLP – welcomed the proposals – Power sharing had been its idea. Republican rejected the ideas – they wanted a United Ireland and were prepared to fight and kill for it. Faulkner and most Unionists decided it might be worth a go but they were worried about things like any links with the Republic. Some of his party were against it and did not like the idea of power sharing.
Craigs Vanguard party, Paisleys DUP and the Orange Order were completey against the ideas.
Elections for the Assembly were held. The results on the Unionist side were Pro Agreement Unionists 24 Anti Agreement Unionists 26
Talks about how to share out ministers among the parties. Who would get powerful positions and what positions. They also discussed the COUNCIL OF IRELAND – how much power it would get, what it would do and who would be on it. Faulkner wanted the council to only deal with small issues like Tourism, Hume wanted it to have a say on important issues like Policing.
Whitelaw (NI secretary) agreed with Hume and put pressure on Faulkner. It was agreed the Council would have 7 ministers from NI and 7 from the Republic. It would have consultative status. It was agreed that the British and Irish governments would accept the will of the majority of people in Northern Ireland.
He thought the Council of Ireland would be a problem for Unionists. He tried to get the Irish government to... Remove articles 2 and 3 from the constitution. This was not possible – the Irish government did promise though to accept the will of the people in Northern Ireland.
The assembly had its first meeting on 1 st January 1974. The DUP, VANGUARD PARTY and THE ORANGE ORDER clubbed together and formed the United Ulster Unionist Council to fight the agreement. The ruling body of Faulkner’s party voted against the agreement forcing him to resign.
He set up his own party called the Unionist Party of Northern Ireland. In the General Election of Feb. 1974 (Britain and Northern Ireland – for Westminster)Unionists voted 3 to 1 for anti- agreement parties. 11 of 12 seats were won by the UUUC. Faulkner in a panic said there could be no council of Ireland without articles 2 and 3 been repealed.
Heath and the Conservatives were replaced by Wilson and the Labour party as the government in Britain. The British prime Minister came to Northern Ireland in April. He (Wilson) said there could be no change from the agreement.