Presentation on theme: "Chapter 15 Section 1 China: Land of the Three Rivers"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 15 Section 1 China: Land of the Three Rivers
2 Chapter 15 Section 1 China: Land of the Three Rivers
3 Western China Rugged terrain acts as a barrier -caused slow culture developmentWhy is Western China less populated thanEastern China?Harsh geographic conditions.Geographic FeaturesLarge mountain ranges-The Himalayas separate China from India andcontains the worlds highest mountainsPlateaus-A plateau is a high area of flat land-The Plateau of Tibet is 13,000 feet above sealevel and is called “The Roof of The World”Deserts-Western China has two deserts and both stretchacross Northwestern China-Taklimakan (TAH kluh muh KAHN) is thesecond largest sand desert in the world-Gobi Desert is a high elevation desert sharedby China and Mongolia and is about 5 times thesize of Colorado.Western China
4 There are three major rivers in China Eastern ChinaGeographic FeatureThere are three major rivers in China1. Huang Heor “Yellow River”deposits silt on NE China Plain making rich farmland.It floods so often it is called “China’s Sorrow”2. Chang Jiangor “Yangtze River”is 3,915 miles long, the longest in Asia3. Xi Jiangor “West River”flows through SE Chinais a major transportation route.The Three Gorges Dambuilt on the Chang Jiang, is a barrier designed to help prevent floodingAlso generates “Hydroelectric Power” from water driven engines
6 Eastern China Rivers Rivers are critical to farming Spring floods deposit siltMakes fertile soil for growing crops along the banksBecause of the rich, flat river basins, most Chinese farmers live in Eastern China river valleysTransport people and goodsConnect China’s inland with the coast
7 Life in Western China Climate Resources Thinly populatedHigh mountains are cold year round & Summers are cool and sunnyWild sheep and mountain antelope roam the highlands and wildcatsDeserts get little rainDesert temperature range from 0` in winter to more than 120` in summerMany highlanders are “Nomadic Herders”Major resources are petroleum, natural gas, and lead.Pipelines carry oil and natural gas to the east.
8 Life in Eastern China Milder climate than Western China Northeastern China has cold winters and warm summers with enough rain to grow cropsForest regions provide homes for leopards, deer, and more than 265 kinds of birdsForest regions consist of wild teas, citrus, oak, and pine treesInland areas are filled with alligators, giant salamanders, monkeys, and pangolinsEndangered Pandas are China’s most treasured animal
9 Life in Eastern China Bamboo is an important culture product. Pandas eat bambooUsed in some constructionChopsticks are made from the wooden stems of bambooFarmingMost farmland is located in Eastern ChinaFarmers grow rice, wheat, soybeans, and millet
10 Life in Eastern China Natural Resources Tin and Iron35% of worlds coal80% of worlds coal mining death occur in ChinaNatural DisastersServe floodsDisplaced and killed millions over the last 100 yearsHas destroyed forest and farmlands in past yearsCreates diseaseSeismic (syz mihk) or earthquakesChina has many fault linesDeath tolls are higher in China because of dense populationDestroys roads, canals, sewers, hospitals, factories, and homesTangshan is called the “Brave City of China” because of a 1976 earthquake that killed 250,000 people and injured more than a half million. 90% of homes were destroyed.
11 Chp 15 sec 1 ReviewDescribe the geographical features of both Western and Eastern China.How are the climates of Western and Eastern China different?Explain how floods and earthquakes have affected China.