Writing Genres Personal/Imaginative Poems Narratives Interviews Journal Entries News Articles Research Reports Essays Business Letters Diary Entries Letters of Request Notes Letters of Complaint Autobiography Letters to the Editor Biography Memoir Taken from: NCSCOS
Writing is all around us…
Portfolios 4 published pieces will be collected in the Writing Portfolio Each nine weeks one piece of writing will be taken to the publishing stage and submitted to the portfolio Each of the final four published pieces should represent a variety of genres of writing Students should be involved in the decision making process as to which pieces will be included in their writing portfolio
Research Reports- Probes What is a probe?- to search into; examine thoroughly; investigate; Probes are notebooks (MEAD marble composition books) that are bound together and used for writing research reports on various topics. These will be kept all year.
Examples of Probes
Poetry Poetry as a Writing Genre 5 Ws Poem Poem A Week
Response Journals Journal Writing Tips
Recipes Writing Directions/ Instructions Zoo fun Kid recipes Recipe for procedural writing Creature Recipes Purposeful Writing Ideas/Activities
Business Letters Lesson plans for writing letters Ideas for writing letters Writing Business Letters lesson plan Letters of Complaint
Left Side of the Notebook Paraphrase or clarify items Enter a drawing, photo, sketch, or magazine picture that illustrates the concept, ideas, or facts Pose questions about the information Form and express an opinion Predict outcomes or next steps Create a metaphor that captures the essence of the information/issue Write a reflection on the information or experience Find a quote that connects to the concept; record it and explain your rationale Make connections between the information/text and your own life, another text, and/or the world Create a mind map that captures the main topic and key concepts and supportive detail Create an acronym that will help you to remember the information covered Make connections to the content/processes of other courses Note taking Right Side of the Notebook Notes on a: mini-lesson lecture lab reading film/video/documentary small group or large group discussion collaborative group process Interactive Notebooks I.N. Examples Rubric for Grading I.N. I.N. Powerpoint I.N. Information
Notes Note writing lesson plan Thank you notes Note taking tips for students
Autobiographies/Biographies Writing an Autobiography tips Mini Unit Technology Autobiography Alphabet Autobiography Book Auto biography poem Biography Maker Student Biographers
Diary Entries Have students write in the Dear Diary… format. They can write the entries in their Writers Notebook, or on special paper. They can write the entries to a scenario that you have written on the board, or in a center. They can also write to a character in the book they are reading, or one from history. My Diary
Front Page News The students can work in groups to write a Front Page News for a story they are reading, or information learned in the content areas.
Lucy Calkins Units of Study Writing Grades 3-5 Lucy Calkins
Writing Workshop Turn and Talk with a Partner about your Background knowledge/ experience with Writers Workshop
What does Writing Workshop look like? Mini Lesson Independent Writing/Collecting Entries (Writers Notebooks) Conferring Sharing
Lucy Calkins Units of Study Grades 3-5 Components Connection Teaching (Mini Lesson) Active Engagement Link Writing Mid-workshop Teaching Point Conferring Sharing
Connection Links what has been done to what is expected to be learned in the present lesson May serve as a quick review of previous learning Explicitly name what will be taught/learned
Teaching (Mini-lesson) Has a Clear Objective - Teaching Point States the Purpose Explicitly Teacher Models – Demonstrate May Provide Guided Practice Explains and Gives Examples
Mini Lesson (10-15 minutes) The mini-lesson is where the teacher can make a suggestion to the whole class...raise a concern, explore an issue, model a technique, reinforce a strategy. After observing students writing and identifying concerns, ask yourself: "What is the one thing I can suggest or demonstrate that might help most?" A mini-lesson generally lasts 5-10 minutes. Try to choose a teaching point that you feel would benefit the majority of the class.
Mini-Lesson Ideas Use appropriate spacing Spelling phonetically Spell "High Frequency" words correctly Spell using analogies Capitalize I, names Capitalize beginnings of sentences Ending punctuation marks Quotation marks Commas Use of "and" Using appropriate grammar Using paragraphs Recognizing and correcting run-on sentences Sample chart created during a Mini-Lesson Getting an idea -making lists -things you love -writing from emotion -experiences -moments in time Adding detail Adds responses/telling the inside story Choice of words/ descriptive language Replacing tired words Great beginnings Wow endings One moment in time Observations "I wonder" writings Something ordinary Staying on focus Working with a seed idea Developing a plan for writing Finding your voice Genre studies: -poetry -informational reports -letters -autobiographies -biographies Content Focus Conventions Focus
Active Engagement At the end of the mini-lesson students are given the opportunity to try-out the lesson through sharing with a partner At times students may watch other students trying something out
Link Before sending student off to write independently, restate the teaching point and encourage students to use the skill taught in the mini-lesson in their ongoing work for the day.
Writing Time Students write Teacher confers with individual students or small groups
Independent Writing/Collecting Entries After the mini lesson, students work in their Writer's Notebook to collect entries that may later become published pieces of writing. The total writing time lasts for about minutes, but during that time some students may be involved in conferences with the teacher or with their peers. Students choose entries in their notebooks to take into "draft form." It is these carefully selected pieces of writing that will be taken through the process of editing and revising so that they can be published and shared with others. All entries in the Writer's Notebook do not become published pieces of writing. All published writing is added to each student's Writing Portfolio, and some pieces will even be put into student created books.
(Mid-workshop teaching point) Sometimes you will find it necessary to stop and teach/re- teach a concept/skill during the writing workshop- this will be necessary when you are seeing several children struggling with the same issues
Conferring The teacher may meet with students individually. The teacher may meet with small groups of students with similar needs The teacher takes the time to record her compliment and teaching points
Conferring While students are involved in independent writing, use this time to confer with your writers. Take notes during conferences to document students' progress and to plan future mini-lessons. During this time the teacher may: Listen to students read their entries aloud Help students decide what they want to say Provide feedback Re-teach skills taught during mini lessons Teach necessary new skills Reinforce a writer's strengths Give writers new ways of thinking
Conferring Teaching Points The teacher looks for what the student knows. The teacher looks for what the student needs to know next The teacher asks herself what is the most important thing that she can teach this student next? The teacher must decide how she is going to teach the child Conferences are conversations, not interrogations
Sharing Students return to same place that they were for the mini-lesson. The teacher may decide to restate the teaching point of the mini-lesson and share examples of student work. The teacher may decide to introduce a new writing behavior that was observed. Students are given opportunities to share their work
Writers Notebook Entries Gathering Ideas Poetry Family stories that we know Writing generated from conversations we've had or have heard Lists of people or place names of interest Entries about things we care about Things we wonder about Celebrations or victories Dreams
Sharing At the end of writing workshop everyday, students are brought back together for a 5-10 minute group share and reflection. When students sign up to share or are asked to share, they take a seat in the coveted "Author's Chair." Sometimes a writer might come to the author's chair to ask for help or receive feedback from his or her classmates ("I like my story, but I can't think of a good title."). The author might also want to share part of an entry of which he or she is especially proud. During many group shares, each student gets a turn to share a small part of an entry, especially if you have asked students to try a particular new skill during the day's mini-lesson.
When something can be read without effort, great effort has gone into its writing. ~Enrique Jardiel Poncela~ The students need to understand that there will be times when they can free write for themselves, but there will also be times when their writing needs to be in a form that is easily read by others. This is the published form of writing. The students will have many unfinished pieces throughout the year.
PUBLISHING IDEAS Once a draft has been completed and students have conferenced with the teacher in the final step of the editing/revising process, students can choose a special themed paper on which to publish their final copy of the story. The Writing Center should be stocked with a variety of decorated paper on which lines have been printed for students to write.
The final product then becomes part of the students' Writing Portfolios. 1 Final Product will be selected to be included in each students portfolio each nine weeks. Each nine weeks final product for the portfolio should be from a different writing genre. PORTFOLIO IDEAS
Getting Ready for Writers Workshop Getting Your Room and Yourself Ready - Plans for 1st week – First Things First Have a carpet large enough for everyone to sit with an assigned partner (A,B) Arrange your room so students are in groups (this is needed for conferencing purposes and sharing materials) Have baskets made up for each group (containing pencils, colored pencils, highlighters, tape, scissors, date stamps) Anchor charts on your walls as you make them with your class Have writing folders with students names on them to house writing resources, rough drafts, and final copies Make sure you have ABC Charts and Word Wall available for student use Decide how you will record conferences and make appropriate paperwork Introduce parents to your writing program through newsletters, parent night, etc. Establish "writing territories" (place where children write independently) - Decide on writing environment (lights dim, soft music) Decide on transition procedures (song to go to the carpet, etc)
Anchor Charts Anchor charts are tools for students to use during Writers' Workshop and aid children in remembering procedures and expectations. Charts should be made with the children and added to throughout the year. Anchor charts need to be posted in the classroom where they are easily accessible to students. This is an example of an anchor chart used to teach children how to write a small moment story.
Mini- Offices Teaching Heart writing mini offices JMeacham's Mini Offices
Word Bags Purpose: To prevent overuse of words and to encourage accelerated vocabulary. Place a word on the bag and have the students fill the bag with synonyms as they come across words in their reading. Good spectacular marvelous fabulous
Link Chains Purpose: Sequencing Events Accelerated Vocabulary (synonyms, antonyms) Life Cycles Contractions Run dash trot dart scamper
Picture Word Inductive Model Emily Calhoun
Picture Word Induction Model Research In terms of general academic success, vocabulary knowledge is one of the best predictors of overall verbal intelligence, yielding correlations of.80 (Anderson & Freebody, 1981; Sternberg & Powell). Each word a student can comprehend and use appropriately adds to personal cognitive processing abilities. Plus, one of the most consistent findings of educational research is that having a small vocabulary portends poor school performance (Anderson & Nagy, 1992).