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Published byVivien Marshall Modified over 7 years ago
What is plagiarism?
Plagiarism is presenting another person’s words, ideas, or visual images as your own. It is a form of cheating. Plagiarism is a serious offense and can result in a failing grade or expulsion from college.
Plagiarism is… Buying a paper from an internet site. Turning in a paper someone else has written. Forgetting to put quotation marks around a direct quote. Copying or pasting from internet sources without using proper documentation. Using someone else’s ideas without properly citing and documenting them.
How to avoid plagiarism… Give credit where credit is due. Be familiar with MLA documentation. Ask your instructor if you are unsure. Know the difference between direct quotes, summary and paraphrase and the proper way of documenting them.
How are direct quotes, summary and paraphrase different?
Summary… Is in your own words. Is much shorter than the original text. Is always followed by a parenthetical or in- text citation. Must always have a corresponding entry on the Works Cited page.
Paraphrase… Is in your own words. Is about the same length as the original text. Is always followed by a parenthetical or in- text citation. Must always have a corresponding entry on the Works Cited page.
Direct Quotes… Use the exact words of a source and are enclosed in quotation marks. Are always followed by a parenthetical or in-text citation. Must always have a corresponding entry on the Works Cited page.
When should I use a direct quote? When the source is especially well-written For technical accuracy When the words come from an expert
What is a signal phrase?
A signal phrase… Introduces a quote, summary or paraphrase. Often names the author, establishing the credibility of the source.
Do not introduce every quote the same way. Use other words besides “says”. Vary signal phrases for variety.
Sample signal phrases… John Smith, a regular contributor to Science Digest, explains that “DNA is the building block of life” (46). The author contends that “DNA is the building block of life” (Smith 46). Smith states, “DNA is the building block of life” (46).
Or you can use a complete sentence to introduce a quote… John Smith has made many scientific contributions: “DNA is the building block of life” (46).
Whatever you do…
Never, ever put a quote in a paper all by itself. A quote must always be part of your sentence. It must be introduced with a signal phrase.
Incorrect: John Smith is a well-known expert in the science world. “DNA is the building block of life” (46).
Did I mention that quotes cannot appear by themselves in a paper?
How much material should I quote in my paper? No more than 1/6 of the paper should be quoted, paraphrased or summarized. Avoid long, inset quotes in a short paper (5-10 pages).
Burger King plans to launch a massive new coffee line as it tries to overhaul its breakfast menu and boost its slumping business. The nation's No. 2 burger chain will add Starbucks Corp.'s Seattle's Best Coffee to all its U.S. restaurants in a phased roll-out that begins this summer, executives told The Associated Press on Tuesday. The move takes a page from rival McDonald's Corp.'s success with its McCafe line of coffee drinks, which have been credited with boosting its performance. The deal also adds a new wrinkle to the coffee wars, because McDonald's coffee campaign has been seen as taking aim at Starbucks. By Ashley Heher Page 48
Summary According to Ashley Heher, Burger King adds coffee to their menu to increase sales and compete with McDonald’s (48).
Direct Quote Ashley Heher states that “the nation's No. 2 burger chain will add Starbucks Corp.'s Seattle's Best Coffee to all its U.S. restaurants” (48).
Paraphrase The deal also adds a new wrinkle to the coffee wars. (Original) This news complicates the competitive coffee market (Heher 48).
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