Factors that Affect Gas Pressure

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Factors that Affect Gas Pressure
Section 12.2

After reading section 12.2, you should know:
How the amount of gas and the volume of the container affect the gas pressure How a change in temperature would affect the pressure of a gas

Amount of Gas When you pump air into a container, you
increase the amount of gas inside the tire, which increases the number of collisions between gas particles, which increases the pressure Relationship is direct: If you double the amount of gas, the pressure will double

Fewer gas particles, lower pressure
More gas particles, higher pressure

In a sealed container, gases move from an area of high pressure to low pressure

Volume If the volume of a container is reduced, the pressure will increase

If the volume of a container is increased, the pressure will decrease
Relationship is inverse If the volume is doubled, the pressure will decrease by half

Temperature If the temperature is increased, the particles will move faster, Which causes more collisions between particles Which increases the pressure

Increasing the temperature causes the pressure to increase

Decreasing the temperature will cause the pressure to decrease
Relationship is direct As the temperature is doubled, the pressure is doubled As the temperature is decreased by half, the pressure will decrease by half

After reading section 12.2, you should know:
How the amount of gas and the volume of the container affect the gas pressure How a change in temperature would affect the pressure of a gas