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1 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov 2005 www.nav6tf.com North American IPv6 Task Force IMS/MMD The IPv6 Factor APAN 21 IPv6 Workshop Tokyo January 22-25 th 2006 Yves.

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Presentation on theme: "1 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov 2005 www.nav6tf.com North American IPv6 Task Force IMS/MMD The IPv6 Factor APAN 21 IPv6 Workshop Tokyo January 22-25 th 2006 Yves."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force IMS/MMD The IPv6 Factor APAN 21 IPv6 Workshop Tokyo January th 2006 Yves Poppe Dir. IP Strategy Teleglobe IPv6 Forum Member NAv6TF SME

2 2 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force This presentation was given to the IMS/MMD conference in Dallas, Texas, November 8th 2005 The major point of interest for the Mobile Network Operators in the audience turned out to be the potential battery savings IPv6 could bring. My purpose today is to encourage the Research and Education community, active in IPv6, to undertake some exercises to simulate, test and quantify these energy savings. If these turn out to be significant, this could be a major catalyst to accelerate the commercial deployment of IPv6 Yves Poppe, Tokyo Jan 22nd 2006

3 3 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force NAv6TF North American Chapter of the IPv6 forum NAv6TF Mobility Project –Carl Williams, Dave Green, John Loughney, Jim Bound, Timothy Rapp, Ozzie Diaz, Yves Poppe This presentation draws largely on contributions and the hard to match expertise of John Loughney and Carl Williams. John, Carl, many thanks.

4 4 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force The latest round of GSMA-led tests focused on ensuring the compatibility of systems that handle IPv6, billing, performance management and inter-hub connectivity. They followed on from successful tests of IMS applications, such as voice instant messaging, video sharing and gaming, which were completed in February As part of the initiative, initially started in Europe, the GSMA brought together key players from the mobile network operator, GRX carriers and vendor communities. Those participating in the European trial, led by TeliaSonera, include mobile phone operators Vodafone, Orange, KPN and TeliaSonera itself. The latest round of GSMA-led tests focused on ensuring the compatibility of systems that handle IPv6, billing, performance management and inter-hub connectivity. They followed on from successful tests of IMS applications, such as voice instant messaging, video sharing and gaming, which were completed in February As part of the initiative, initially started in Europe, the GSMA brought together key players from the mobile network operator, GRX carriers and vendor communities. Those participating in the European trial, led by TeliaSonera, include mobile phone operators Vodafone, Orange, KPN and TeliaSonera itself. Any acceleration? Singapore, sept 28 th 2005 GSM Worldnews

5 5 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Music to my IPv6 ears… ….IPv6 has continued to garner attention. Part of the reason is IMS (IP Multimedia Subsystem), which has galvanized hardware manufacturers to decouple and open up systems so that key elements and components can be interfaced to others without drastic integration measures. For billing and OSS vendors, that means simplified interaction with network elements. Because the 3GPP s TS specification mandates that IMS make optimum use of IPv6, it is expected that IMS will be one of the drivers behind IPv6 acceptance. Billing World & OSS Today October 2005

6 6 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Ericsson and Rogers Communications Inc. announced they will begin a trial of 3G/HSDPA wireless services and applications, as well as converged IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS). ….. IMS (IP Multimedia Subsystem) is an IP-based service creation environment that will enable Rogers to efficiently introduce new multimedia voice, data, audio and video services (Quadruple Play) across its multiple networks (including mobile wireless, Cable and DSL and Fixed Wireless). IMS represents a very significant opportunity to bring the various Rogers networks into a single service environment that can be presented in an easy to use manner to Rogers' customers Ericsson press release, oct 13th 2005 As Rogers customer in Canada, I was happy to read:

7 7 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Running out of IPv4 addresses? Yes, rather fast Real problem by 2008 Tony Hain Study sept 2005

8 8 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Are we really in an impasse? IPv4 addresses are effectively being rationed, even in North- America. Just try to get a small block of permanent addresses. The shortage is hidden by the proliferation of NATs (Network Address Translaters) which allows for re-use of addresses. –Remember extension numbers behind a PBX? –Manually patched phone calls?. Telephony in 1920 had permanent phone numbers and peer 2 peer communications In 2005 IMS and Internet beg for permanent addresses and peer 2 peer communications

9 9 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Madison 2435 please Our grandparents had permanent addresses!

10 10 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force The NATs grandfather Source : Mike Sandman Telephone History Pages Extension 7248 please At least the extension had a permanent address

11 11 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force In the 2005 IP Converging world: Nothing permanent anymore! As you have been inactive, I will give your address to some-one else The nasty evil NAT!

12 12 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Real Time Apps & NATs Even using servers, NATed addresses still cause problems. NATs UDP inactivity timers cause trouble: –The mobile would need to send keep-alive packets to every used public UDP socket every 30 seconds: very bad for battery life. –Mobiles can easily use up all of the operators public IPv4-addresses due to the keep-alives so that the public UDP ports cant be assigned to new mobiles. Client, Private IPv4 address 1 Server, Public IPv4 address 3 Client, Private IPv4 address 2 UDP port = 6538 The UDP inactivity timer in NATs causes the public UDP port 6538 to be assigned to a different mobile, if the mobile does not send any data within a certain amount of time, about every 40 seconds … There should be NO NATs between the terminal and the server!

13 13 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Even nastier NAT problems Mobile networks tend to have spiralling numbers of short- lived connections. –Quick web browsing –Picture sending – Large, global operators have seen private IP addresses being re-assigned before NAT bindings time out. –Major security hole: the data session may still be active and if the NAT binding is still active, someone else might be getting your data. –To solve this, operators have shortened the NAT binding life-time, meaning NAT refreshes are needed more often.

14 14 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Battery draining NATs! What if IP, SIP and IPsec behind a NAT? Three levels of keep-alive! Also, in a UMA and WLAN environment, IPsec is used to tunnel into the home network.

15 15 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force IMS with IPv6 Multi-country/Multi-operator SIP-connectivity network Client, Public IPv6 address 1 Client, Public IPv6 address 2 Public IP-routing domain (inter-operator connections) SIP Prox y SIP Signaling: As address = Public IPv6 Addr 1 Media from B to A: Sent to Public IPv6 Addr 1 Current GPRS networks use private addresses almost exclusively. Lots of users require port reservations which can use much of the operators public IPv4 address space. Peer-to-peer connections can be expanded to inter-operator and inter- country whenever the operator wants to do so …

16 16 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force So, what does IPv6 bring to the table? Solves address shortage Restores p2p Mobility –Better battery life! –Better spectrum utilization Security –Ipsec mandatory Multicast Neighbour discovery –Ad-Hoc networking –Home networks –Plug and play –Auto configuration Permanent addresses –Identity (CLID) –Traceability (RFID) –Sensors and monitoring ADSL, cable, 3G, Wi-Fi, Wi-Max… provide the always-on

17 17 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Some compelling IPv6 arguments for the MNO world Permanent IP addresses seem a logical prerequisite for IP address based billing in an IP converging world. Event, session, application, location based billing are essential to evolving MNO business models. Access independence, session continuity, QoS Not to mention battery life – UDP traffic requires keep-alives (every 45 seconds) – huge power drain! How much compared to IPv4?? And how to manage global roaming with private addresses? Mobility finally scalable: goodbye Foreign Agent!

18 18 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force SGSN IP Traffic with Anotherhost SGSN GGSN GTP over IPv4 w/ V6 traffic type Internet WLAN Remote PLMN Mobile Node On Home Network GGSN enabled as a Home Agent Mobile IPv6 in a GPRS environment

19 19 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force SGSN IP Traffic with Anotherhost SGSN GGSN GTP over IPv4 w/ V6 traffic type Internet WLAN Remote PLMN Mobile Node moves to new GPRS network GPRS Roaming (GTP) Means mobile still at home from IP Point-of-view Mobile IPv6 in a GPRS environment

20 20 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force SGSN IP Traffic with Anotherhost SGSN GGSN Internet WLAN Remote PLMN Mobile IP registers with Mobile IP home agent Mobile IPv6 in a GPRS environment Mobile Node roams to WLAN

21 21 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force SGSN Traffic flows directly between MN and Correspondent Node (CN) SGSN GGSN Internet WLAN Remote PLMN CN Mobile IPv6 in a GPRS environment Mobile Node (MN) roams to WLAN

22 22 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Mobile IPv6 in a GPRS environment SGSN GGSN Internet WLAN Remote PLMN Mobile Node (MN) roams to WLAN NOTE: any node that wants to reach the MN can do so at any time via its home address CN

23 23 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Time to start deploying IPv6? GRX upgrade to dual-stack : mostly just a matter of IOS or JUNOS upgrade or often just activation of the IPv6 stack! Maybe some memory upgrade PLMN packet network upgrade –Dual-stack access routers and MPLS core is an economical way to get into the act UEs : lack of dual stack devices is not an excuse anymore

24 24 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Dual Stack Handsets are here… Nokia E61 (3G + wifi) Nokia 70 (3G + wifi) Nokia E60 (3G + wifi) Nokia N90 (3G) Nokia N91 (3G + wifi) Nokia N70 (3G) Nokia 9500 (wifi) Nokia 9300 Nokia 7700 Nokia 6680 (3G)

25 25 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Or just better to sit and wait? A procrastinators reasoning: –Early mover advantage in IMS with IPv4 –IPv6 will take time to deploy and is expensive –I will migrate if and when the time comes But at what risk and cost? –Miss out on new p2p applications and revenue sources –Be burdened with costly transitions, migrations, backward compatibility, billing systems, customer support and QoS issues –Risk of being pushed out of the race completely

26 26 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Wholesale carrier for TDM and IP based voice, global roaming and data services IPv6 deployment is not that complicated nor that expensive

27 27 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Home SOHO Enterprise Native (dual stack) and tunnel IPv6 service Carrier/ISP dual stack network Dual stack router MPLS core Teleglobe Globeinternet 6PE IPv6 World or network with MPLS core Los Angeles, San Jose, Ashburn, New-York, London, Paris, Amsterdam, Madrid, Hong-Kong IPv4 World Approx 45 locations worldwide; 120+ gigabit of peering

28 28 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force San Jose Los Angeles Ashburn Montreal New York New Jersey Toronto Miami Amsterdam Paris Madrid London Frankfurt Oslo Dual-stack router Hong Kong Teleglobe's IPv6 Points of Presence Warsaw Kuala Lumpur Sept 2005

29 29 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force TeliaSonera,..major mobile and fixed line service provider based in Sweden, to prepare for large-scale migration to next-generation IP version 6 (IPv6) in 2006… October 11th 2005 Thank you for your attention Lucent's IMS-based architecture and applications will complement Cingular's 3G network and enable Cingular to offer subscribers innovative, easy-to-use services that they can access anytime, anywhere, with almost any device. Lucent, October 18th 2005 Things continue to evolve as we prepare this presentation and as we speak….

30 30 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Supplementary notes IPv4 Mobility vs IPv6 Mobility Transition to IPv6 in 3GPP and 3GPP2 IETF and IP Mobility

31 31 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force IPv4 Mobility vs IPv6 Mobility (1 of 3) functionIPv4 (RFC3344)IPv6 (RFC 3775) addressing32 bit addresses128 bit addresses Home addressOne home addressA globally routable Home Address (HoA)and a link local HoA Care-of-AddressVia agent discovery, DHCP or manual config Stateless Address Autoconfig, DHCP manual config or

32 32 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force IPv4 Mobility vs IPv6 Mobility (2 of 3) functionIPv4 (RFC 3344)IPv6 (RFC 3775) Movement detectionAgent Discovery through Foreign Agent IPv6 Router Discovery CoA (Care of Address)Foreign Agent CoA and co-located CoA CoAs are ALL co- located. No Foreign Agents needed Dynamic Home Agent Address Discovery (DHAAD) Directed broadcast. Returns separate replies from all HAs to the MN (Mobile Node) Anycast addressing. Returns a single reply to the MN

33 33 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force IPv4 Mobility vs IPv6 Mobility (3 of 3) functionIPv4 (RFC 3344)IPv6 (RFC 3775) Data packet delivery to MN Tunnel routingTunnel routing and source routing with IPv6 routing headers Decapsulation of data packets sent to MNs CoA Foreign Agent decapsulates MN itself decapsulates Link layer neighbour address discovery ARPIPv6 neighbour discovery; decoupled from any given link layer.

34 34 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force IPv6 in Support for IPv6 (for user traffic) was fully introduced in 3GPP Release 99. This is what is currently deployed. IPv6 address allocation mechanism was updated in 2002 to allocate a globally unique (/64) prefix (instead of a single address) for every primary PDP context. IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) - multimedia service infrastructure introduced in Release 5 specifies IPv6 as the only IP version in the IMS to avoid IPv4-IPv6 transition and interworking problems. Some work is on-going for support for early IMS implementations (a.k.a. – IPv4 IMS deployments).

35 35 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Transition to IPv6 in 3GPP networks Analyzed in the v6ops Working Group (IETF) Transition Scenarios for 3GPP Networks - RFC GPP Analysis - draft-ietf-v6ops-3gpp-analysis-11.txt (in RFC Editors Queue) GPRS transition scenarios: 1.Dual Stack terminal connecting to IPv4 and IPv6 nodes 2.IPv6 terminal connecting to an IPv6 node through an IPv4 network 3.IPv4 terminal connecting to an IPv4 node through an IPv6 network 4.IPv6 terminal connecting to an IPv4 node 5.IPv4 terminal connecting to an IPv6 node IMS transition scenarios: 1.Terminal connecting to a node in an IPv4 network through IMS 2.Two IPv6 IMS operators connected via an IPv4 network Messy Easy

36 36 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force A look at RFC 4215 Analysis on IPv6 in 3GPP networks (october 2005, J.Wiljakka) As IMS is exclusively IPv6, 2 scenarios possible –Two IPv6 IMS islands connected via IPv4 network; UEs are IPv6: tunneling solution –easy –IPv6 UE connecting through IMS to a « legacy » IPv4 only node or vice versa : A new solution for IPv4-IPv6 interworking in SIP networks is needed. The problem is that control (signalling) and user (data) traffic are separated in SIP calls and thus the IMS. The transition of IMS traffic has to be handled at two levels: –SIP and SDP (Mm-interface) –User data traffic (Mb-interface) Necessitates an interworking unit containing a dual stack SIP server and a transition gateway for the media traffic. Has major drawbacks however: rewriting of the SDP prevents securing the SDP payload between the two endpoints and breaks down of end-to end negotiations of SIP extensions required for each session.

37 37 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force WLAN-3GPP Service Scenarios 3GPP defined service scenarios [TS ] Scenario 1 - Common Billing and Customer Care –Single customer relationship Customer receives one bill from the usage of both cellular & WLAN services Scenario 2 - 3GPP system based Access Control and Charging –Authentication, authorization and accounting (AAA) are provided by the 3GPP system, for WLAN access Scenario 3 - Access to 3GPP system PS based services –The same services provided by GPRS can be accessed by WLAN Scenario 4 - Service Continuity –Services supported in scenario 3 survive an inter-system handover between WLAN and 3GPP. The change of access may be noticeable to the user. Scenario 5 - Seamless Services –Seamless service continuity between the access technologies. Scenario 6 - Access to 3GPP CS Services –CS core network services supported over WLAN

38 38 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force IPv6 in 3GPP2 IS-835C specifies Simple IPv6 – /64 addresses through PPP. –no duplicate address detection. 3GPP2 IS-835D specifies Mobile IPv6 –Open issues on MIPv6 and firewall traversal 3GPP2 and 3GPP are co-operating on IMS –3GPP2 IMS supports both IPv4 and IPv6

39 39 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Transition Scenarios for 3GPP2 Slightly more complicated - many scenarios for network transition. –Simple IPv4 -> Simple IPv6 –Mobile IPv4 -> Simple IPv6 –Mobile IPv4 -> Mobile IPv6 Various choices for upgrading to IPv6 –Upgrade mobile terminals and PDSNs (Packed Domain Service Node) and services to dual-stack, operator core network is IPv4. –Upgrade only mobile terminals and some services to dual-stack. Employ transition mechanism on mobile. Use of IPv6 transition mechanisms with MIPv6 is an open issue.

40 40 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Mobile IPv6 traversal of IPv4 and IPv6 CDMA 2000 networks MIPv6 makes mobile users appear as static elements since their IP address does not change and their connections remain. #1 #2 3G IPv6 3G IPv6 HA Mobile Node A B C A BC AB C IPv6 Service IPv6 Trans Tunnel Trans CN To enable seamless Mobility across IPv4 and IPv6 networks 3G IPv4 3G IPv4 PDSN

41 41 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force The IETF and IP Mobility IETF is primary source of std work on IP mobility IETF is divided into 7 study areas: –Applications area –General area –Internet area –Operations and management area –Routing area –Security area –Transport area IP mobility topics identified in each area

42 42 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force IETF : 20 Areas for Further Study 6lowpan dna hip mip6 mipshop nemo pana shim6 capwap multi6 v6ops manet mobike alien autoconf monami6 netlmm softwire mip6+aaa mip6+sip

43 43 IMS/MMD Dallas Nov North American IPv6 Task Force Some good reading IPv6 in Mobile wireless networks (Cisco) /ns177/ns443/networking_solutions_white_pape r0900aecd8024fa13.shtml /ns177/ns443/networking_solutions_white_pape r0900aecd8024fa13.shtml MPLS for mobile operators (Cisco) /ns177/ns443/networking_solutions_solution_cat egory.html /ns177/ns443/networking_solutions_solution_cat egory.html


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