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Goal Setting. Objectives: You will be able to identify how goals motivate people. You will be able to identify goals for tutoring. You will be able to.

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Presentation on theme: "Goal Setting. Objectives: You will be able to identify how goals motivate people. You will be able to identify goals for tutoring. You will be able to."— Presentation transcript:

1 Goal Setting

2 Objectives: You will be able to identify how goals motivate people. You will be able to identify goals for tutoring. You will be able to devise an implementation plan.

3 How do Goals motivate? Setting goals motivates: Clarifies expectations You know what to do and when to do it You know what effort is needed Encourages persistence Improves the belief you can accomplish the task: Self-efficacy (Bandura, 1997 & Schunk, 1995)

4 Goals Must Be SMART S pecific M easurable A chievable R ealistic T angible/Timely ( )

5 Goals must also be: Accepted Participation Committed Results Oriented Time Oriented (Schunk, 1995; Locke & Latham, 1990)

6 Goals Short term goals are more effective Achieved more quickly Have higher motivation (Bandura, 1997) Long term goals require breaking down into steps (Schunk, 1995)

7 Setting Goals Activity Five Goals for your Tutoring Lab Three Goals for this Year Two Goals for this Semester

8 Goals Require: Planning Setting a goal Deciding on strategies Performance evaluation Monitor ourselves Self-reflection Evaluate our progress Adjust our goals and strategies

9 Case Studies Weldon & Yun (2000) Setting of goals on the quality (accuracy) of written reports by nurse evaluators of nursing homes and homes for the developmentally disabled Setting goals was related to: Developing of strategies to improve job performance Improvement of job performance

10 Case Studies Gibson (2001) Nursing teams in midsize hospitals ( beds) in general inpatient, emergency and obstetrics/maternity wards. Individual nurses who had goal setting training and also had high confidence gave higher quality of care. Goal setting training increased nurses confidence Goal setting training increased team confidence which improved quality of care

11 Implementation Plan: How to get to your Goal An implementation plan facilitates attaining your goal: First: Choose one goal Second: Plan how to attain the goal: When: How to get started-Day & time Where: Place What: Strategies-What I will do How: How to persist in spite of difficulties How to resume when disrupted How long to act on the goal

12 Goals Activity Implementation Plan

13 References Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy. Harvard Mental Health Letter, Mar97, Vol. 13 Issue 9, p4, 3p.Self-efficacy. Locke, E. & Latham, G. (1990). A theory of goal setting and task performance. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall. Locke, E. & Latham, G. (1984). Goal-setting: A Motivational Technique that works! Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall. Schunk, D. (1995). Inherent details of self-regulated learning include student perceptions. Educational Psychologist, Fall95, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p213, 4p.Inherent details of self-regulated learning include student perceptions. What are my Learning Strengths? Retrieved on January 18, 2008 from: West Chester University (n.d.). Learning Styles Inventory. Retrieved on January 18, 2008 from:


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