Presentation on theme: "Advanced English 10. What is Romanticism? A literary movement that began in Western Europe and quickly spread across the U.S. and Latin America Lasted."— Presentation transcript:
What is Romanticism? A literary movement that began in Western Europe and quickly spread across the U.S. and Latin America Lasted from about 1750 to about 1870 Inspiration for the romantic approach came from two “great thinkers” of the time: French Philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
French Philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau I have cool hair and a really big forehead!
German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe I’m hungry for some mac & cheese!
Early writers of the Romantic period... The Romantic period is said to have begun with the publication of Lyrical Ballads, a collaboration between William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, in 1798. Other Romantic poets include William Blake, Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley, and John Keats.
The Romantic dudes… William WordsworthSamuel Taylor Coleridge William Blake Percy Bysshe Shelley Lord Byron John Keats
“The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” - written by English poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge in 1798 - follows the common gothic or supernatural theme found in Romantic literature “It is an ancient Mariner and he stoppeth one of three, `By thy long beard and glittering eye, Now wherefore stopp'st thou me? The Bridegroom's doors are opened wide, And I am next of kin; The guests are met, the feast is set : May'st hear the merry din.‘ He holds him with his skinny hand, `There was a ship,' quoth he. `Hold off ! unhand me, grey-beard loon !' Eftsoons his hand dropt he.”
“I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud” - by William Wordsworth, 1802 - commonly seen as a classic example of English Romanticism because it focuses on nature and the emotions evoked by experiencing nature “I wandered lonely as a cloud That floats on high o'er vales and hills, When all at once I saw a crowd, A host, of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.” I know, I know - these are water lilies and not daffodils, but you get the point.
Characteristics of the Romantic movement... Reliance on the imagination, freedom of thought and expression, and an idealization of nature. Focused on emotion, passion, and the natural world. Early Romantic period coincides with what is often called the “age of revolutions” - an age of upheavals in political, economic, and social traditions. “You say you want a revolution. Well, you know, we all want to change the world.”
Characteristics of the Romantic movement...again Rebelled against the Enlightenment of the previous century and its focus on scientific and rational thought. Skepticism about religion, yet also fascinated with it Intuition is valued above rational thought Fascinated by the beauty and majesty of nature, and focused on how nature was able to inspire and provoke the human mind
The Romantic Hero A literary archetype referring to a character who rejects established norms, has been rejected by society, and has the self as the center of his or her own existence Usually the protagonist of the literary work
More about the Romantic hero… Primary focus is on the character’s thoughts rather than his or her actions Other characteristics include introspection, alienation, isolation, regret for his actions, and a general effort to improve the well-being of mankind, which usually protects the character from a tragic ending The Romantic hero is usually on some kind of quest, either a physical quest or an emotional/spiritual one, which usually begins from a desire to fulfill something for himself
Examples of Romantic Heroes… Odysseus from Homer’s The Odyssey Mr. Darcy from Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice Don Juan from Byron’s Don Juan Victor Frankenstein from Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein
And, of course, our main man… EDMOND DANTES! Edmond Dantes from Alexandre Dumas’ The Count of Monte Cristo is considered one of the greatest examples of a Romantic hero