Presentation on theme: "Academic Honesty Through the"— Presentation transcript:
1 Academic Honesty Through the Kick It Up A Notch!PromoteAcademic Honesty Through theSchool Library
2 Questions What’s the problem? What is academic dishonesty? Why does it occur?When, where should we begin to teach about academic honesty?How do we encourage academic honesty?How can we “kick it up a notch?” to create plagiarism proof assignments?
3 Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005 What’s the problem?• A recent study, conducted by Donald McCabe of Rutgers University, of about 4500 students at 25 high schools shows that cheating is a serious problem.• 74% of respondents admitted to one or more instances of serious test cheating and 72% admitted to serious cheating on written assignments.• Over half of the students admitted they have engaged in some level of plagiarism on written assignments using the Internet.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
4 Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005 What’s the problem?• 15% have submitted material obtained, in large part, from a web site or internet paper mill• 52% have copied several sentences from a web site without citing the source• 90% of students who plagiarize from the Internet have also plagiarized from written sourcesSource: “CAI Research Center for Academic Integrity. Duke University,2003.<Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
5 What’s the problem? a new Canadian study conducted through the University of Guelph and Rutgers University of14,913 undergrads from 11 campuses indicatesthat academic honesty is a serious problem73 % of high school students53% of university undergrads35% of graduate studentsadmit to practicing academic dishonesty!
6 Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005 What’s the problem?Plagiarism and other forms of academic dishonesty have always existed.However, today:• technology has made it so easy to plagiarize• academic dishonesty – in its many forms – is a common occurrence (including text messaging on exams)• plagiarism has become a game of cunning• the integrity, ethics, and morality of our students are at stakeOntario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
7 Plagiarism: Then and Now Old PlagiarismStudents:• copied from books, encyclopedias, journals;• misrepresented citations or bibliographic entries;• exchanged or purchased essays.New PlagiarismStudents:• copy from one or more electronic sources;• download material from the Internet without acknowledgement;• locate essays in another language and then put them through translation programs.Students can now download all kinds of online material in a matter of minutes and are very adept at cutting and pasting into word processing programs, and then reformatting the text (fonts, spacing, etc.). This applies to anything that is online or on CD-ROM: encyclopedias (free and pay), electronic journals (both free ones and by electronic subscription) newspapers reviews of books, plays, films, Cyberclassics (like Cole’s Notes) etc.Tens of thousands of free and pay essays are available.There are over 200 electronic paper mills. These sites are extremely sophisticated and make searching and downloading even easier. Popular sites include: School Sucks, The Evil House of Cheat.Some sites have search engines so you can specify the topic you need, some provide browseable lists.Online custom paper mills usually have a 48 hour turnaround.Essays that have been put through a translation program are almost untraceable.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
8 Plagiarism: Then and Now Old Plagiarism• required time and effort to locate and copy;• papers still had to be written or typed;• required personal contact.New Plagiarism• copying and pasting is quick and effortless, providing instant gratification;• text fonts can be changed with a simple keystroke;• requires no personal contact, creating a sense of anonymity.Conclusion:Cheating requires little effortTeachers are sometimes confronted with and “in your face” or “prove it” attitude when students are confronted.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
9 Three Variations of Plagiarism Unintentionalpoorly developed literacy skills and poor understanding of acceptable documentation procedurescollaborate to ensure inclusion of these skills in assignmentsIntentionaldeliberate attempt to achieve ‘high end’ results with ‘low end’ effortteach to reinforce legal and ethical use of informationInvitationalnature and scope of certain types of assignments encourage students to merely “hunt, gather, replicate” (Tom March)collaborate to develop rich authentic task assignmentsOntario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
10 Why Students Intentionally Plagiarize • stress of a heavy workload and the competition for high marks• poor time management and planning skills• lack of understanding about concepts and ethics of intellectual property• lack of confidence in their own research and writing skills• project has no meaning for them - they are just “getting it done”Students may feel-that they just have too much to do and-that high marks are worth the risk of getting caught.-that family and job responsibilities overload themPoor time management and planning skillsProcrastination is the common enemy of all studentslack of understanding of intellectual propertyStudents may say that they are unaware of the concept of intellectual property. Others may understand but may give the notion of intellectual property short shriftOntario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
11 Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005 The CluesThe paper, project or presentation:is just too good for the student’s level of understanding, knowledge and/or skillis consistently better when work is done at home rather than in classcontains poorly written paragraphs at the beginning and end, and high quality work in betweensounds familiaris suspicious in terms of appearance or topicOntario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
12 Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005 How to Become InformedBecome informed on cheat sites and different methods of plagiarizing in the high tech world:Do your own reading concerning high tech forms of academic dishonestyInvestigate Internet sites available to assist educators in preventing and identifying plagiarized work.Visit electronic paper mill web sites to familiarize yourself with essay retrieval methods.Many school boards have professional libraries that will provide up-to-date materials. Contact them for assistance.Do the “Beating the Cheating” Webquest (see Resource List)Explore several paper mill sites and go through the process of procuring an essay. Doing a Google search for the term “free essays” brings up over 1,400,000 hits!Consult the BibliographyOntario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
13 Paper Mills: What’s out there? Yahoo Search Result Found web pages for free term papersFree term papers 791,000 hits on Norther n LightaltaVista 7 pagesJungle Page“Our writing services are focused on giving the student the tools necessary to succeed in their academic pursuits. Our international staff of expert writers, all of whom are trained, screened, tested, interviewed and have previous experience in writing, are available to us 24 hours a day to complete the writing services you see listed on our homepage.”Disclaimer:“JunglePage, Inc will help you write your essay, research paper, term paper, or class project. Our professional staff of expert writers will provide you with customized research that will ensure your preparation of a well thought out, well written essay for your research or school assignment.These papers are to be used for research purposes only. They are to give you a clearer understanding of your assignment and help in organizing your thoughts, thesis statement and conclusion. JunglePage does NOT endorse or promote plagiarism as a result of papers being used as actual class assignments. Plagiarism is a crime and may cause your expulsion from school. JunglePage Inc. will in no way be responsible for students who choose to use these papers for the purpose of grades in class.”A1 Term Paper“Your resource for locating approximately 20,000 pre-written term papers for your research requirements, as well as writers and editors of proven ability to meet your special-project research needs.”ALL WORK OFFERED IS FOR RESEARCH PURPOSES ONLYResearch CentralACADEMIC TERM PAPERS OFFERS THE WEB'S LARGEST SELECTION OF RESEARCH PAPERS-OVER 30,000 ON FILE-AT THE LOWEST RATES:ONLY $7.00 PER PAGE!ALL REPORTS ARE COPYRIGHTED BY ACADEMIC TERM PAPERS AND ARE SOLD FOR RESEARCH AND REFERENCE PURPOSES ONLY AND MAY NOT BE SUBMITTED EITHER IN WHOLE OR IN PART FOR ACADEMIC CREDITEvil House of Cheat “Your resource for locating approximately 20,000 pre-written term papers for your research requirements, as well as writers and editors of proven ability to meet your special-project research needs.”Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
14 Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005 The High Tech DefenseUse a comprehensive search engine (Google, Dogpile, Altavista, alltheweb) to locate possible sources of questionable papersType in a phrase from the essay or the essay titleSearch full-text online subscription databases (EBSCO, Electric Library, Proquest)Type in a phrase from the essay or the essay title. This could take hundreds of hours per class assignmentInstall filtering software to block out cheat sites.This could create a false sense of security, as students can access cheat sites elsewhereSearch using the title of the essay, or use a distinctive string of words enclosed with quotation marks.Searching by topic alone can require endless hours of searching, as the number of hits may be overwhelming.Installation of filtering software would generally be a Board decision.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
15 The ‘Higher’ Tech Defense Anti-plagiarism programs exist that will compare any paper to those already available on the Internet and will add the paper to a vast database.Detection services: Turnitin.com (produces a colour coded “originality” report)Detection services: Glatt Plagiarism Program (has various screening devices)Detection services: Essay Verification Engine (produces colour coded annotated report)The three slides that follow are screen shots from Plagiarism.orgPapers are uploaded and compared to ones in an existing data base. A report is than issued which identifies portions of the paper which have been matched to existing text.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
16 Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005 The level of similarity to existing papers is assessed.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
17 Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005 Existing sites which contain exact or similar text are identified and hotlinked.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
18 Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005 The essay is colour coded to correspond to the source sites.Additional anti-plagiarism sites are available in the Bibliography.While these will identify plagiarized material from many online sources, text from online information databases of journals, newspapers, periodicals and encyclopedias will not be matched.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
19 Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005 However,“Catching Internet cheaters is not the best answer. It’s a lot like doing an autopsy. No matter how terrific the coroner is at determining how or why a person died, the damage has been done. Bringing the culprit to light won’t change that. Preventing the problem is a much better approach.”Lisa Renard, “Cut and Paste 101: Plagiarism and the Net”.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
20 The Best Defense: Be Proactive Rethink the very nature of research assignments and the purpose they serve in the curriculum.Emphasize the research process and the learning of lifelong information literacy skills.Collaborate with your teacher librarian to design rich, authentic assignments.Structure writing assignments to reduce plagiarism.Build a common understanding of academic honesty.Model academic integrity.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
21 Research Project Design Authentic Learning• engages in real world issues or problems to demonstrate learning• allows students to utilize their learning styles and strengths• focuses on both process and productYou get what you ask what you gettrading partners
22 GRASP - Rich Performance Tasks Goal: focus for “enduring understanding”Role: multi perspectivesAudience: authentic tone and voiceSituation: real-life contextProduct: varied - presentations, reports, brochure
23 Stories BAN those BIRD UNITS Dr. David Loertscher Carol Koechlin Sandi ZwaanBAN those BIRD UNITS15 Models for Teaching and Learning inInformation-rich and Technology-richEnvironmentsStoriesOntario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
24 Rethink research assignments. Structure them so that they:are examples of authentic learningemphasize critical thinking skillsemphasize creative thinkingemphasize metacognition so that students can think about the “what” and “how” of their learningWe CAN structure assignments so theyare meaningful and cheat proof“All about essays” are a waste of time--all they prove is that a student can access information and copy it. Instead, students need to do something with the information which requires them to do critical thinking.Jamie McKenzie - “From Now On”“It is reckless and irresponsible to continue requiring “all about” essays and “go find out about” assignments--these are archaic projects.”He recommends:emphasize “essential questions”require and enable students to make their own answerscreate projects which require students to make explanations, solve problems, make choices and decisionsemphasize topical research and real-life issuesConstruct assignments that do NOT invite plagiarism. It has been said that if the complete answer to an academic question can be found on the Internet then the question needs to be changed.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
25 Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005 Research AssignmentsRethink Traditional Research ProductsIncorporate technology (e.g. TV talk show, PowerPoint, web pages)Create a game (i.e., with rules similar to Jeopardy, Trivial Pursuit, Survivor)Create visual products (e.g. dioramas, models)Create a WebquestFocus on time (e.g. write an obituary for a civilization, change a historical decision and predict the possible consequences.Change format (e.g. debates, simulations, role plays, trials, newspapers, editorials)Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
26 Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005 Research AssignmentsChange Point of View in Traditional AssignmentsExplain why the French Revolution was inevitable.You are a merchant living in Paris in Explain why you support the French Revolution.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
27 Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005 Research AssignmentsChange Point of View in Traditional AssignmentsDescribe the relationship between Anne Frank and her mother.Write a letter as Mrs. Frank to your daughter, Anne, explaining the problems you are having with her.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
28 Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005 Research AssignmentsChange Point of View in Traditional AssignmentsWrite a report on xyz city.Which city is the best city for….-the Winter Olympics-a new theme park-a family’s new homeOntario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
29 Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005 Research AssignmentsChange Point of View in Traditional AssignmentsYou are to go on a trip to a National Park in Canada with your family. Determine the interests of each member of your family. Gather and record information about two national parks. Determine the park that most closely meets those interests and create a multimedia advertisement that sells us on your choice of park.Write a report on a National Park of your choice. Include information about its location, wildlife, activities, and landforms.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
30 Why Teach A Research Process? Structure or plan for studentsConsistency and common languageTransferable to all subjects and gradeFramework for:design of projectskillsassessing & evaluatingRoseWhy a I&R model?The I& research process can be taught and learned.A model provides a consistent format, language and framework for students.I&R incorporates higher level thinking skills that are transferable to all subjects and cross curricular and lead to lifelong learningA model allows for the clustering and breakdown of the skills presenting and teaching them in stages and chunks for the studentsRecognizes research as process and cyclicalConsistent with common languageTransfers to all subjects across gradesFramework to cluster important skill setsTo teach skills,To assess and track student learningTo counter plagiarism. Promotes academic honesty. Evidence throughout the process. Framework to design quality research assignmentsAllows for Constant feedback- Verbal, written, visual, sharing, conferencesFor studentsFramework for developmental, sequential, life-long skill setsFacilitates student independenceMeaningful for student ~ gives structure, goalsprovides a plan/model to complete a project defines (shows) skills to learn to complete a research projectidentifies ways of organizingprovides a guide for making decisions about the research
31 Information Studies K-12 Four Stage Research Process 1 Preparing For Research2 Accessing Resources3 Processing Information4 Transferring Learning
32 Using The Research Process Identify meaningful steps within the structure of each assignmentUse an assessment scheme giving appropriate weight to process and productAssess and evaluate the research process at various stagesTeach students the meaning of academic honesty, plagiarism, intellectual property, and copyright.Provide timelines to encourage students to manage their time effectivelyEncourage students to recognize the value of work done prior to the finished productMotivate students to meet timelinesOntario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
33 Using The Research Process Teach students how to use quotations and paraphrasing effectively and how to cite sources correctly.Require students to submit a research portfolio of notes, sources, and drafts along with their finished product for marking.Use your school’s Student Research Guide asthe standard.Specify to students the focus areas you are evaluating: note-making, evaluating different types of resources, creating focussed research questions, proper documentation, etc.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
34 RoseWhy a I&R model?The I& research process can be taught and learned.A model provides a consistent format, language and framework for students.I&R incorporates higher level thinking skills that are transferable to all subjects and cross curricular and lead to lifelong learningA model allows for the clustering and breakdown of the skills presenting and teaching them in stages and chunks for the studentsRecognizes research as process and cyclicalConsistent with common languageTransfers to all subjects across gradesFramework to cluster important skill setsTo teach skills,To assess and track student learningTo counter plagiarism. Promotes academic honesty. Evidence throughout the process. Framework to design quality research assignmentsAllows for Constant feedback- Verbal, written, visual, sharing, conferencesFor studentsFramework for developmental, sequential, life-long skill setsFacilitates student independenceMeaningful for student ~ gives structure, goalsprovides a plan/model to complete a project defines (shows) skills to learn to complete a research projectidentifies ways of organizingprovides a guide for making decisions about the research
35 How to Practice Academic Honesty Use G.E.A.R.S. for:project management skillshelp in developing HOT research questionsfinding and using great resourcestemplates for key-word webs, note-taking sheets, thesis statement creation, editing and revising workhow to’s - citing, creating a list of works cited - in both MLA and APA, writing an essay or report etc.G.E.A.R.S. is NPC Library.Sign one out today!
36 G.E.A.R.S. Strategies Project Management Skills: Time management - the journeyStart with a calendar - set work dates and timesChoose a work location - spread out and focusCreate a research or work folder- sort, date and organize, clip like information together
37 G.E.A.R.S. Strategies HOT Questions: great research questions are Higher Order Thinking questions because these result in answers which are rich in depth and scopeusing HOT questions in research helps you engage with information by thinking about it critically and using it to create thoughtful, original work which inspires academic honesty
38 G.E.A.R.S. Strategies GEARS Note-taking sheets: take notes in point form, in your own wordsuse a new sheet for each resource usedwrite the bibliographic information from each source in the area providedrecord the page number for quoted and paraphrased informationrecord the specific URL for web information
39 G.E.A.R.S. Strategies Cite your sources: when you quote, paraphrase, summarize, use graphics, pictures, photossome teachers prefer internal citations, some footnotes - ask for formatbibliography or list of works cited does not take the place of citationsaccess MLA or APA through GEARS and/or the library’s web site
40 G.E.A.R.S. Strategies Observe Copyright Laws: as soon as an idea is recorded it is copyright protectedapplies to all original creationsas long as credit is given, some materials used for educational purposes may be copiedaccess GEARS to learn more
41 Academic Honesty Give credit where credit is due… Acknowledge your sources of ideas and information when you write a research paper, create a poster, post a web site, or do a presentation.Use information in a legal and ethical way to stay “In the Groove” - protect yourself and others!
42 Structure writing assignments to reduce plagiarism Rewrite tired assignments so that they emphasize critical thinking rather than hunting and gatheringChange topic lists oftenEvaluate both the research process and the productWork with the teacher librarian to make sure there are adequate resource materials for topics to encourage research success and eliminate student frustrationStart research projects in class/school library, not at homeOntario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
43 Structure writing assignments to reduce plagiarism Meet with the student at several points in the project to monitor progress.Monitor a working bibliography as the assignment progresses.Require an annotated bibliography during the first part of the research process and also at the end.Keep samples of in-class student writing for comparison.Require rough notes and drafts to be submitted with final essay for marking.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
44 Structure writing assignments to reduce plagiarism Personalize assignments by incorporating an interview, a visit, an opinion component, or an authentic application.Have students do a “metalearning reflection” for major research assignments. In this exercise, students reflect on their personal research experience--what strategies they used, what confused them, what skills they have acquired, how they managed time, etc.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
45 4th Gear Stage 4 - Transferring Learning Student Reflection Now that you have arrived at your destination, it’s time for self-reflection and self - assessment. Take some time to reflect on thejourney you have taken for this project.1. What do I know now about my topic that I didn’t know before Ibegan my research?2. What aspects of the research process did I find the easiest or mostcomfortable to do?3. What aspects of the research process did I find the most challenging?4. What am I able to accomplish now that I couldn’t before I began thisassignment?5. What specific research skills do I still need to work on?6. What did I learn by doing this assignment that I can apply to otherresearch assignments?
46 Academic Honesty Policies Use the Academic Honesty Policy, created by some boards as part of their Code of Student Behaviour.Establish a school-wide policy of Academic Integrity, including consequences for cheating, if a Board policy does not exist.Create a student presentation to use with classes.Apply the policies consistently in your school.Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
47 to promote and to practice North Park Collegiate“In the Groove”to promote and to practiceAcademic Honesty
48 Academic HonestyPracticing academic honesty means you use information ethically and legallyYou acknowledge your source when using other people’s ideas, words, pictures, other graphics, music, etc.
49 Academic DishonestyWhen you don’t give credit for information you take from books, newspapers, magazines, internet web sites, on-line databases in any format, you are practicing Academic Dishonesty.
50 Academic Dishonesty When you buy a paper from the internet When you use an essay from another courseWhen you copy homeworkWhen you copy and paste from an electronic sourceWhen you fake a citationWhen you pass off someone else’s ideas as your ownAll are academically dishonest.
51 Model Academic Integrity Two ways you can model Academic Integrity in the classroom are by:- comply with Canadian copyright regulations when photocopying print materials- show only videos for which public performance rights have been purchased- talk about Cancopy and public performance licenses used in your schoolOntario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
53 Who needs to be involved in promoting academic honesty? StudentsTeachersParents
54 Students should:• be encouraged to do their own work on projects and homework• be taught and expected to follow citation conventions• understand the meaning of academic honesty• be familiar with the school’s policy
55 Why Teach Academic Honesty at the Elementary level? Students form research habits in early yearsPlagiarism on projects could carry over to students thinking other forms of dishonesty (cheating, lying etc.) are acceptableTeachers can’t assess student learningaccurately if academic honesty is not practiced
56 Parents can help by: • checking homework regularly • helping with and encouraging, but not doing, schoolwork for children• being aware of the school’s academic honesty policy• communicating clear values re cheating, plagiarism etc.• modeling core ethical values
57 Teachers should:• design authentic assignments that require students to construct personal meaning• design assignments that ask for analyzing, synthesizing and evaluating• teach note-making skills• provide and teach use of visual organizers
58 1st Gear Stage 1 - Preparing for Research Defining Your Topic KWL - Organizer #1My topic: ___________________________My thoughts and feelings about my topic:Topic:_____What I already know What I need to find out Where I can look__books__pictures__computer__interviewHow will I share what I learned:__oral report __picture __poster __other__written report __story __slide show
59 Jot Notes Using a ‘Dollar Figure’ Australian Spiders 3rd Gear Stage 3 - Processing Information Note MakingJot Notes Using a ‘Dollar Figure’Australian SpidersJot Note PageYou have $4.00 to spend. Your job is to take notes from the handout on Australian Spiders, writing down enough information so that you can write two paragraphs about spiders, but without writing down ANYTHING you don’t need to. Each word you write down will cost you ten cents.How many words can you write down before you are out of money?I can write down _____________ words.
60 Australian Spiders Jot Note Page 3rd GearStage 3 - Processing InformationJot NotesAustralian SpidersJot Note PageYou have $4.00 to spend. Your job is to take notes from the handout on Australian Spiders, writing down enough information so that you can write two paragraphs about spiders, but without writing down anything you don’t need. Each word you write down will cost you 10 cents.How many words can you write down before you are out of money?I can write down __________ words.
61 • Provide students with a clear definition of academic dishonesty • make clear citation conventions geared to student understanding• conference with students throughout the process• value the process and the product• model academic honesty
62 Resource Chart for Whole Class Project Desert Fox Resource List 3rd GearStage 3 - Processing InformationAcademic Honesty Record ChartResource Chart for Whole Class ProjectDesert Fox Resource List
63 4th Gear Stage 4 – Transferring Learning Editing Your Work (Primary) Once you have finished writing your project, you need to edit it. This checklistwill help you to be sure you have taken all the steps to have a great report!Research Mark when doneI have used at least two sources to get my informationI have written down my sources on my resources pageI have answered all the questions I wrote on my organizerI have all the diagrams and pictures I need to illustrate my projectI have practised Academic HonestyEditingI have checked the spelling of unfamiliar words in a dictionaryI have read my project out loud to listen for mistakesI have checked my punctuationMy writing is in complete sentencesMy project is neatMy project has pizzazz!
64 At which grade do we begin to to address academic honesty? • Even students in K or grade 1 can grasp the idea that credit should be given for work someone else has created• Children know that it is wrong to take what doesn’t belong to them• We can begin with a very simple form of crediting a source (spoken), and build on that format
66 Are these assignments plagiarism proof? Activity #1Are these assignments plagiarism proof?
67 Do these assignments inspire academic honesty? Civics - Gr.10Students are to write a 500 word research report which outlines the political contributions made by aCanadian Prime Minister of their choice.
68 English Gr. 9 AppliedStudents are to assume the role of the main characterin their independent reading novel.Students will research the main issue in their book, and, as the main character, write a letter to their antagonist explaining why they feel/react/act toward that character in the way they do.Explain what the antagonist could do to help resolve the conflict between the two characters in a peaceful and satisfactory manner based on your research.
69 Geography - Gr. 12MStudents will write a descriptive paper examining oneof the world biomes from a specific continent. Inclusions:- a definition of the term “biome”- the limiting factors of your biome- a precise description of the location of your biome- other significant illustrations- genera and specific biota of your biome (indcatorspecies, climax communities, etc.)- specific adaptations of flora and fauna in your biome- human impact on the biome- a list of resources used in an informal bibliography
70 Art - Gr.12Students will study the landscape as a primary source and images of the landscape in books and on the internet as secondary sources.Students will take photographs of urban and/or rural landscapes which they will draw in colour.Students will select images from secondary sources which they will identify and draw in colour.Students will create design ideas from the research drawings and formulate design development drawings followed by a final design.The culminating project will include source drawings, design development drawings, the final design, two practice paintings and a final piece completed using either watercolour or acrylic on canvas.
71 Daily and Seasonal Cycles - Grade 1 Students will produce a picture web showing the characteristics of plants and animals in one of the four seasons.Students will research seasonal changes in living things, including humans, by watching videos, sharing their own experiences, building groups of words, writing cooperative chart stories.Students will present their research findings in a template using Kidspiration software
72 Fact and Fiction - Kindergarten Students will contribute to a class brainstorm “What do I know about turtles” chart guided by the teacher-librarian.Students will research facts about turtles using books, pictures, and a video, then help add facts to the class chart.Students will listen to a story about Franklin the Turtle and identify their learning about Franklin.Using the chart students will compare what was real and what was imaginary about turtles in the Franklin story.
73 Early Civilizations - Gr. 5 Each student will choose an early civilization to research.Students will prepare a poster which shows the following:location of the civilizationclimate factsliving conditionsclothingtransportationcultural beliefsStudents will provide captions for each component listed.
74 Connecting Music with History - Gr. 8 Much music is written by artists who are responding totheir culture, their community, and the events of their lives.1. Research a selected period of history to become familiarwith the events of the time.2. Select a piece of music written in response to these events.3. Analyze the lyrics and the musical style and critically assess why the piece was written at this time.4. Document your findings using visual formats.5. Document your thoughts and feelings about the song.6. Create a slideshow which ties the historical period, the song and your response to it.
75 How can you “kick it up a notch” to make your assignments inspire Activity # 2How can you “kick it up a notch” tomake your assignments inspireacademic honest?
76 Ontario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005 ReferencesMaterial for this presentation was adapted from the following sources:Bowman, Vibiana, ed. The Plagiarism Plague: A Resource Guide and CD-ROM Tutorial for Educators and Librarians, 2004.Grand Erie District School Board. G.E.A.R.S., 2005.Lathrop,Ann and Kathleen Foss. Student Cheating and Plagiarism in the Internet Era, 2000.Loertscher, David V., Carol Koechlin and Sandi Zwann. BAN those BIRD UNITS, 2005.Ontario School Library Association. Curriculum Supports, 2005.Preate, Suzanne. Internet Plagiarism. Syracuse University Library.Renard, Lisa. “ Cut and Paste 101: Plagiarism and the Net”, Educational Leadership, Dec. 1999/JanOntario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005
77 Kick it up a notch to inspire higher achievement and Academic Honesty! Sharon P. ArmstrongHead of LibraryNorth Park CollegiateGrand Erie District School BoardOntario School Library Association: Curriculum Supports 2005