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Cut-and-Paste Plagiarism Presented by Laura J. Toki Assistant Director Curriculum, Training and Development Services Appalachia Intermediate Unit 8.

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Presentation on theme: "Cut-and-Paste Plagiarism Presented by Laura J. Toki Assistant Director Curriculum, Training and Development Services Appalachia Intermediate Unit 8."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cut-and-Paste Plagiarism Presented by Laura J. Toki Assistant Director Curriculum, Training and Development Services Appalachia Intermediate Unit 8

2 2 What is plagiarism?  Spectrum: Failure to cite properly to wholesale cheating  May be unintentional or deliberate

3 3 Examples of Plagiarism  Buying a paper from a research service or “term paper mill”  Turning in another student’s work without his/her knowledge  Turning in a paper another student has written for you

4 4 Examples of Plagiarism  Copying a paper from a text without proper acknowledgement (i.e., citing source)  Copying materials verbatim, citing source, but leaving out quotation marks  Paraphrasing materials without proper source citation

5 5 Internet Plagiarism  Turning in a paper from a “free term paper” website  Copying and pasting whole passages of text without quotes and citations

6 6 How can I prevent plagiarism? 1.Teach and emphasize the research process:  Topic proposals  Idea outlines  Multiple drafts  Proper citation of sources  Photocopying or printing source texts to accompany final draft

7 7 How can I prevent plagiarism? 2.Require students to analyze thoughts and ideas, not just describe them (e.g., oral report with questions) 3.Require students to reflect personally on the topic or the research process

8 8 How can I prevent plagiarism? 4.Discuss plagiarism with students  What it is  School policies or disciplinary action  Long-term consequences of plagiarism (e.g., college application, plagiarism in college, etc.)

9 9 How can I detect plagiarism?  Check for unusual formatting or formatting that does not match your specific requirements  Look for jargon or advanced vocabulary or sentence structure  Read quotations carefully and look for proper citations

10 10 How can I detect plagiarism?  Look for all assignment criteria  Are there any parts left out?  Does any part read like it was “added on” to the paper?  Is the text the correct mode (e.g., informational, persuasive, etc.)?

11 11 How can I detect plagiarism?  Review the bibliography  Are citations in proper form?  Do all sources match those cited in text of the paper?  Pay particular attention to online sources

12 12 How can I track down plagiarism?  Check for original author identification clues and do a search for the author  Check for original source identification clues and do a search for the website  Identify unusual keywords or unique phrases and do a search  Look at original text of sources listed in the bibliography

13 13 How can I track down plagiarism?  Check these websites for free papers:  School Sucks  Other People’s Papers  Absolutely Free Online Essays  Free Termpapers International  Dorian’s Paper Archive

14 14 How can I track down plagiarism?  Check these websites that sell papers:  Evil House of Cheat  Research Papers Online A+  A1 Termpaper  Genius Papers

15 15 What else can I do?  Let students know you know about these websites.  Take students to one of these sites and analyze the weaknesses.  Teach the class to use other websites as sources.

16 16 What else can I do?  Include specific instructions about bibliographies (e.g., required articles or websites).  Require specific components (e.g., interviews with experts, class readings, recent sources, etc.).

17 17 What else can I do?  Have students analyze paper mill papers and write an essay on ethics.  Have students research and write in class.  Teacher-student conferences  Student peer conferences  Students submit all notes and drafts with the final paper

18 18 What else can I do?  On the day papers are due, have students write a reflection on the process:  Features of the paper they’re proud of  Things they had trouble with  Things they learned by writing

19 19 What else can I do?  If you suspect a paper was downloaded from the Internet, enter key words or a string of words in quotation marks  Try 2 or 3 different search engines  AltaVista, HotBot, and Lycos Pro work best in finding strings of words or phrases

20 20 What else can I do?  DON’T write to or these websites.  Website publishers will use your complaints as publicity.


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