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Chapter 7 Selecting the Channel Members. Channel Member Selection 7 Objective 1: S election may or may not be the result of channel design. The last phase.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 Selecting the Channel Members. Channel Member Selection 7 Objective 1: S election may or may not be the result of channel design. The last phase."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 7 Selecting the Channel Members

2 Channel Member Selection 7 Objective 1: S election may or may not be the result of channel design. The last phase of channel design Firm may need additional outlets to allow for growth To replace channel members that have left

3 7 Selection & Distribution Intensity Objective 2: The greater the intensity of distribution The less the emphasis on selection

4 7 The Selection Process 1.Finding prospective channel members 3. Securing the prospective channel members as actual channel members 2. Applying selection criteria to determine the suitability of prospective channel members

5 7 Finding Members 1.Field sales organization 7. Other sources 5. Advertising 6. Trade shows 2. Trade sources 3. Reseller inquiries 4. Customers Objective 3:

6 7 Field Sales Organization They are often able to pick up information about likely intermediaries. They may have lined up prospective intermediaries. The manufacturer must adequately reward salespeople for their time & effort establishing connections. Salespeople are the best positioned to know about potential intermediaries BUT:

7 7 Trade Sources Trade associations Trade publications Directories Trade shows Firms selling similar products The grapevine For Example: Industrial Distribution magazine The Verified Directory of Manufacturers Representatives The National Association of Wholesaler-Distributors The National Retail Federation The Encyclopedia of Associations

8 7 Reseller Inquiries Many firms learn about direct inquiries from intermediaries interested in handling their product. This is the main source of information about potential new channel members for some manufacturers. Firms receiving the highest number of inquiries are the more prestigious in their industry. Reseller Inquiries

9 Customers7 Customers are willing to give frank opinions about the intermediaries who call on them. Manufacturer conducts formal or informal surveys of customers views of various distributors. Manufacturer obtains information about potential intermediaries. =

10 7Advertising Trade magazine advertising can generate a large number of inquiries from prospective Members. It therefore can provide a large pool from which to make selections.

11 7 Trade Shows Wholesale and retail trade associations hold annual conventions. Attending manufacturers have access to a wide variety of potential channel members. ** Small manufacturers meet face-to-face with wholesalers & retailers.

12 7 Other Sources 1.Chambers of commerce, banks, & local real estate dealers 2.Classified telephone directories or the yellow pages 3.Direct-mail solicitations 4.Contacts from previous applications 5.Independent consultations 6.List brokers that sell lists of names of businesses 7.Business databases 8.The Internet

13 7 Selection Criteria Objective 4: Credit & Financial Condition Sales Strength Product Lines Reputation Market Coverage Sales Performance Management Succession Management Ability Attitude Size

14 7 Adapting Selection Criteria Objective 5: Because no list of criteria is adequate for a firm under all conditions, the channel manager should be flexible when using selection criteria.

15 7 Who Selects? Who does the selecting? Producers & Manufacturers Wholesale Intermediaries Retail Intermediaries Objective 6:

16 Securing Channel Members 7... The supplier produces, the distributor sells, and each is dependent upon the other. Together they form a team, and teamwork is essential if the association is to prove mutually beneficial. Pegram

17 Offering Inducements 7 Objective 7: Good, profitable product line Advertising & promotional support Management assistance Fair dealing policies & Friendly relationships

18 Product Line 7 Product line inducements: 1. Manufacturer offers good product line with strong sales & profit potential 2.Stress value of good product line from channel members perspective

19 7 Advertising & Promotion Consumer Market: Gain immediate credibility by using a strong program of national advertising. Advertising & promotion inducements Industrial Market: Gain recognition by using a strong program of trade paper advertising.

20 Management Assistance 7 Prospective members want to know whether the Manufacturer will help with the following: training programs financial analysis & planning market analysis inventory control procedures promotional methods Management assistance inducements:

21 Fair Dealing & Friendly Relationship 7 Objective 8: Manufacturers Responsibility: To convey to prospective channel members that he or she is genuinely interested in establishing a good relationship based on trust and concern for their welfare as both business Entities and as people

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