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Presentation on theme: "DEVELOPING A GLOBAL VISION"— Presentation transcript:


2 AGENDA Deciding whether to enter International Markets
Environmental Analysis Issues in Global Markets Ways of entering global marketplace The Global Marketing Mix

3 External Environment Facing Global Marketers

4 External Environment: Social
Culture: Set of values shared by group that determine what is socially acceptable, including social structure assumptions and attitudes personal beliefs and assumptions interpersonal relationships

5 Issues from scan of social environment
Cultural influences on buying behavior Language differences Population size and distribution Socioeconomic status Ethical issues

6 Economic Environment Buying Power Currency Gross National Product-
Per capita income- Currency Exchange rate-price of currency in terms of another country

7 Economic Environment (cont.)
Stages of Development Traditional Society Pre-Industrial Society Takeoff Economy Industrialising/Developing Fully Industrialised Society

8 Political and Legal Environment: Questions to ask about Political Systems
How much control exerted over private organisations? Attitude toward foreign business? Political Stability

9 Political and Legal Environment: Laws
Tax charged on imported goods/services limit on amount of product that can be bought in limits on amount of money that may be exchanged for other currency Tariff: Quota: Exchange control: Regulating Business operating in host nations General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

10 Technological Environment
Levels of Technological Development Available Infrastructure

11 Competitive Environment
Degree of government involvement in competition Ownership of competitors local foreign government

12 Natural Environment Resources Available

13 Methods of Entry and Risk Levels for Global Marketing
High Control/High Risk/ High Return Direct Ownership Joint Ventures Licensing Exporting Little Control/Low Risk/ Low Return

14 Methods of Entering the Global Marketplace - Export
+ simple + minimal financial risk - may be less profitable than other mechanisms

15 Methods of Entering the Global Marketplace: Licensing
+ minimal capital outlay + useful for serving countries with export restrictions - difficult to control licensee - when licensing agreement ends, licensee may become competitor - may be less profitable than other mechanisms

16 Methods of Entering the Global Marketplace: Joint Venture
Joint Venturing: Domestic firm buys or joins with a foreign company to create a new entity + risk limited to organizations share in venture + foreign partner contributes expertise the organization lacks + useful when host country limits foreign ownership - share control with venture partner - partner may learn technology or secrets

17 Methods of Entering the Global Marketplace: Direct Ownership
+ maximum control over foreign operations + are close to customers - expensive to set up - requires extensive knowledge of foreign markets and contacts overseas

18 Global Marketing Standardisation
Some multinational corporations moving toward a degree of global marketing standardisation Based on assumption that markets throughout the world are becoming more alike globally standardised products can be sold the same way all over the world uniform production creates lower production & marketing costs and greater profits

Product Extension Adaptation Invention Price Dumping Level uniform market based cost based Bribery

20 Developing a Global Marketing Mix
Distribution Promotion


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