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15. Its December and you want to heat up your pool. It is currently 50 o F (10 o C) and you want it raised to 80 o F (27 o C) Using an electric heater, how much will it cost if 1 kilowatt-hour is 11 cents? The pool is 7.0 meters long, 5.0 meters wide and 2.0 meters deep. A. Whats the volume in cubic meters? ______ B. What is the volume in cubic centimeters?___________ C. What is the total grams of the water? ____________ A calorie is defined as the energy needed to raise one gram of water one degree Celsius. D. How many calories will it take to raise it from 10 o C to 27 o C? _______________ E. 1 calorie = 1.163 x 10 -6 kilowatts hours. How many kilowatt-hours will you need? ____________ F. How much will it cost to heat the pool from 50 o F (10 o C) to 80 o F (27 o C)? _______________ 14. Metric facts: 1 meter was originally defined as the distance from equator to north pole divided by? 10 million One tenth of a meter is called a decimeter How many centimeters (cm) in one meter? 100 How many millimeters (mm) in one meter? 1000 The volume of 1,000 cubic centimeters (cm 3 or cc) is called a liter. How many milliliters (mL) are in a liter? 1000 A milliliter (mL) is what fraction of a liter? 1 thousandth A milliliter is how many cubic centimeters? 1 A cubic centimeter of water has the mass of how many grams? 1 A liter of water has the mass of how many grams? 1000 16. For temperatures we see in Phoenix, a quick way to do an approximate conversion in your head for Fahrenheit to Celsius is to subtract 30, add 5, and then cut in half. For Celsius to Fahrenheit, double then add 25. Use this method for the following conversions. Exact is to subtract 32 and multiply by 1.8 37 o C to o F: ______ 25 o C to o F: ______ 10 o C to o F: ______ 80 o C to o F: ______ 52 o F to o C: ______ 101 o F to o C: ______ 70 o F to o C: ______ 125 o F to o C: ______ 7.0m x 5.0m x 2.0m= 70 m 3 70 m 3 x 100cm/mx100cm/mx100cm/m= 70,000,000 cm 3 since 1cm 3 water=1 g 70,000,000 grams

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19. Balance the following chemical equations 20. Original meanings A. Atom is derived from atomos, what does that mean? indivisible B. Electron comes from the Greek word for amber. Why? When you rub amber with fur, amber pulls electrons off the fur giving it a static electrical charge, which gave it the ability to attract bits of grass, feathers, etc. C. Where does the word, Molecule come from? Mole means a mass. cule means small just like it does in the word, minuscule. So the word molecule means a small mass. In chemistry it more specifically means 2 or more atoms bonded together. Even with a million atoms bonded together, it is still a very small mass. F 2 Fluorine Cl 2 Chlorine HF (g) Hydrogen Fluoride HCl (g) Hydrogen Chloride H 2 S Dihydrogen Sulfide HCN (g) Hydrogen cyanide NO Nitrogen monoxide NO 3 Nitrogen trioxide N 2 O Dinitrogen monoxide Cl 2 O dichlorine monoxide NH 3 Ammonia mono- 1 di- 2 tri- 3 tetra- 4 penta- 5 hexa- 6 deca- 10 17. Be prepared to give the written name if the formula is given and vice versa. 18. Know what these prefixes mean Zn + FeCl 2 Fe + ZnCl 2 KClO 3 KCl + O 2 AlCl 3 + Ca CaCl 2 + Al NaCl + MgSO 4 Na 2 SO 4 + MgCl 2 CH3CHOH + O 2 Na 2 SO 4 + MgCl 2

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COMPOUNDS AND MOLECULES 4.1 vid WHAT ARE COMPOUNDS? Two or more elements chemically combined to form new substances.

COMPOUNDS AND MOLECULES 4.1 vid WHAT ARE COMPOUNDS? Two or more elements chemically combined to form new substances.

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