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Slide 1 of 33 International System of Units 3.2

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Slide 2 of 33 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The International System of Units > Measuring with SI Units Bell Work Which five SI base units do chemists commonly use? 3.2

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Slide 3 of 33 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The International System of Units > 3.2 Measuring with SI Units The five SI base units commonly used by chemists are the meter, the kilogram, the kelvin, the second, and the mole.

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Slide 4 of 33 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The International System of Units > 3.2 Units and Quantities Units of Length Meter

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Slide 5 of 33 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The International System of Units > 3.2 Units and Quantities Common metric units of length include the centimeter, meter, and kilometer.

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Slide 6 of 33 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The International System of Units > 3.2 Units and Quantities Units of Volume Solid object: cubic meter (m) 3 Liquid: Liter (L) (10 cm 10 cm 10 cm = 1000 cm 3 = 1 L). Or 1 mL = 1 cm 3

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Slide 7 of 33 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The International System of Units > 3.2 Units and Quantities Common metric units of volume include the liter, milliliter, cubic centimeter, and microliter.

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Slide 8 of 33 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The International System of Units > 3.2 Units and Quantities Units of Mass Kilogram A gram (g) is 1/1000 of a kilogram; the mass of 1 cm 3 of water at 4°C is 1 g.

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Slide 9 of 33 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The International System of Units > 3.2 Units and Quantities Common metric units of mass include kilogram, gram, milligram, and microgram.

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Slide 10 of 33 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The International System of Units > 3.2 Units and Quantities Weight is a force that measures the pull on a given mass by gravity. The astronaut shown on the surface of the moon weighs one sixth of what he weighs on Earth.

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Slide 11 of 33 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The International System of Units > 3.2 Units and Quantities Units of Temperature Temperature is a measure of how hot or cold an object is. Thermometers are used to measure temperature.

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Slide 12 of 33 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The International System of Units > 3.2 Units and Quantities Scientists commonly use two equivalent units of temperature, the degree Celsius and the kelvin.

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Slide 13 of 33 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The International System of Units > 3.2 Units and Quantities On the Celsius scale, the freezing point of water is 0°C and the boiling point is 100°C. On the Kelvin scale, the freezing point of water is 273.15 kelvins (K), and the boiling point is 373.15 K. The zero point on the Kelvin scale, 0 K, or absolute zero, is equal to 273.15 °C.

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Slide 14 of 33 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The International System of Units > 3.2 Units and Quantities Because one degree on the Celsius scale is equivalent to one kelvin on the Kelvin scale, converting from one temperature to another is easy. You simply add or subtract 273, as shown in the following equations.

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© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall SAMPLE PROBLEM Slide 15 of 33 3.4

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© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall SAMPLE PROBLEM Slide 16 of 33 3.4

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© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall SAMPLE PROBLEM Slide 17 of 33 3.4

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© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall SAMPLE PROBLEM Slide 18 of 33 3.4

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© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 19 of 33 Practice Problems Problem Solving 3.17 Solve Problem 17 with the help of an interactive guided tutorial. for Sample Problem 3.4

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Slide 20 of 33 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The International System of Units > 3.2 Units and Quantities Units of Energy Energy is the capacity to do work or to produce heat. The joule and the calorie are common units of energy.

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Slide 21 of 33 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The International System of Units > 3.2 Units and Quantities The joule (J) is the SI unit of energy. One calorie (cal) is the quantity of heat that raises the temperature of 1 g of pure water by 1°C.

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© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 22 of 33 Section Quiz -or- Continue to: Launch: Assess students understanding of the concepts in Section 3.2 Section Quiz. 3.2.

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© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 23 of 33 3.2 Section Quiz. 1. Which of the following is not a base SI unit? a.meter b.gram c.second d.mole

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© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 24 of 33 3.2 Section Quiz. 2. If you measured both the mass and weight of an object on Earth and on the moon, you would find that a.both the mass and the weight do not change. b.both the mass and the weight change. c.the mass remains the same, but the weight changes. d.the mass changes, but the weight remains the same.

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© Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 25 of 33 3.2 Section Quiz. 3. A temperature of 30 degrees Celsius is equivalent to a.303 K. b.300 K. c.243 K. d.247 K.

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