Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 Politically Connected Your Vote Doesnt Count If you applied rationality to voting, you probably wouldnt vote. The costs of voting researching."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 6 Politically Connected
Your Vote Doesnt Count If you applied rationality to voting, you probably wouldnt vote. The costs of voting researching candidates getting to the polls standing in line voting rather than having time off are far greater than the payoffs only one vote amongst millions! your vote would only make a difference if the results were tied probability < 1 in 10 million! Photo by aka_lusi, Flickr
Photo by gregg.carlstrom, Flickr Your Vote Doesnt Count Why does it matter if we vote? Because we do not vote alone! People do not decide whether or not to vote in isolation. We vote because our friends vote!
Cascade Effect Photo by programwitch, Flickr On average, 1 decision to vote will motivate 3 others to also go to the polls. Usually, those you influence to vote in your social network have political ideas similar to yours. So your decision to vote is even more powerful than your vote itself!
Politicians Social Networks can be dangerous as well! Politicians need to be careful about who they include in their social network because it affects the publics opinion of them. Photo by wallyg and mharrsch, Flickr Sometimes it is hard to know who politicians associate with. Following the paper trail can be helpful.
Politicians The paper trail of sponsors and co-sponsors on bills can be used to study the ties between legislators. These ties can be used to map the social network. The structure of the resulting map is very important! Photo by jcolman, Flickr
Medium Polarization Types of Modules Complete Polarization A module (community) is a groups of people with many ties to each other and few ties to other groups. The more modular a network is, the more polarized it is. High Polarization Low Polarization
Structure Matters! Photo by Rionda, Flickr Weak Ties = More potential connections! They may not be strong, but they open more doors. People with many connections (both strong and weak) are more likely to be at the center of a social network.
Activism Goes Online Photos by youtube.com and facebook.com Social networking sites like YouTube and Facebook have gone political. Campaigners, activists, and bloggers use sites like these to reach millions of internet users because they are far cheaper than advertising through the media.
Activism Goes Online You might think increased discussion would bring us politically closer but this map of political blogs in America shows otherwise. Online social networks appear to be strongly homophilous and polarized.
The Effects of Online Social Networks This figure of the Iranian political blogosphere shows that the government allows a wide range of political discourse -- even criticisms of the government! If more freedom were given to the movements of online social networks, could it affect the entire political system in the country?