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Exceptional Performance Evolution at Yahoo! Steve Souders Chief Performance Yahoo!

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Presentation on theme: "Exceptional Performance Evolution at Yahoo! Steve Souders Chief Performance Yahoo!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Exceptional Performance Evolution at Yahoo! Steve Souders Chief Performance Yahoo!

2 Exceptional Performance quantify and improve the performance of all Yahoo! products worldwide center of expertise build tools, analyze data gather, research, and evangelize best practices

3 Evolution of Performance quantify profile research, case studies best practices evangelize codify rollout publicize

4 Performance Definition two categories: –response time –efficiency focus: web products

5 Response Time, Page Weight, YSlow Grade

6 Strong Correlation total page weight response time inverse YSlow grade correlation(resp time, page weight) = 0.94 correlation(inverse YSlow, resp time) = 0.76 correlation(inverse YSlow, page weight) = 0.59

7 Evolution of Performance quantify profile research, case studies best practices evangelize codify rollout publicize

8 The Importance of Frontend Performance Backend = 5% Frontend = 95% Even here, frontend = 88%

9 Time Spent on the Frontend Empty CachePrimed Cache amazon.com82%86% aol.com94%86% cnn.com81%92% ebay.com98%92% google.com86%64% msn.com97%95% myspace.com96%86% wikipedia.org80%88% yahoo.com95%88% youtube.com97%95%

10 The Performance Golden Rule 80-90% of the end-user response time is spent on the frontend. Start there.

11 Evolution of Performance quantify profile research, case studies best practices evangelize codify rollout publicize

12 Performance Research

13 Browser Cache Experiment Add an image to the page: Expires: Thu, 15 Apr :00:00 GMT Last-Modified: Wed, 28 Sep :49:57 GMT # users with at least one 200 response total # unique users Percentage of users with an empty cache? Percentage of page views with an empty cache? # of 200 responses total # responses

14 Browser Cache Experiment Results page views with empty cache 40-60% ~20% users with empty cache

15 Experiment Takeaways The empty cache user experience is more prevalent than you think! Optimize for both primed cache and empty cache experience.

16 Case Studies

17 Case Study: move JS to onload remove bottom tabs avoid redirects images sprites host JS on CDN combine JS files 40-50%

18 Evolution of Performance quantify profile research, case studies best practices evangelize codify rollout publicize

19 14 Rules

20 1.Make fewer HTTP requests 2.Use a CDN 3.Add an Expires header 4.Gzip components 5.Put stylesheets at the top 6.Move scripts to the bottom 7.Avoid CSS expressions 8.Make JS and CSS external 9.Reduce DNS lookups 10.Minify JS 11.Avoid redirects 12.Remove duplicate scripts 13.Configure ETags 14.Make AJAX cacheable

21 Evolution of Performance quantify profile research, case studies best practices evangelize codify rollout publicize

22 (Internal) Evangelism training classes tech talks staff presentations web site – papers, twiki mailing list consulting

23 Evolution of Performance quantify profile research, case studies best practices evangelize codify rollout publicize

24 YSlow performance lint tool grades web pages for each rule Firefox add-on integrated with Firebug

25

26 Evolution of Performance quantify profile research, case studies best practices evangelize codify rollout publicize

27 Performance Rollout performance SLA targets regular tracking Wall of Fame/Shame Biz Case Performance TV Competitor Wall of Fame/Shame

28 reduce HTTP use a CDN add Expires gzip minify configure ETags

29 Evolution of Performance quantify profile research, case studies best practices evangelize codify rollout publicize

30 (External) Evangelism Book High Performance Web Sites Conferences Yahoo! F2E Summit Web 2.0 Expo Foo Camp Blogs YUI Blog: YDN Blog: Open Source YSlow OSCon Ajax Experience Blogher Future of Web Apps

31 Evolution of Performance quantify profile research, case studies best practices evangelize codify rollout publicize

32 What's Next? wider adoption, internationals industry-wide initiatives other areas – backend, mobile

33 Takeaways quantify & profile first make it irresistible enlist deputies teach to fish carrot v. stick reach outside

34 Steve Souders

35 CC Images Used "Need for Speed" by Amnemona: "Max speed 15kmh" by xxxtoff: "maybe" by Tal Bright: Bright "takeout" by dotpolka : "new briefcase" by dcJohn: "Absolutely Nothing is Allowed Here" by Vicki & Chuck Rogers: & Chuck Rogers "US Capitol police – security is everywhere here" by Melvin Schlubman: Schlubman "Horse and Water" by originalrobart: "thank you" by nj dodge: dodge


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