Presentation on theme: "SANITATION THE FOUNDATION OF FOOD SAFETY"— Presentation transcript:
1 SANITATION THE FOUNDATION OF FOOD SAFETY Speaker NotesSanitation: The Foundation of Food Safety module focuses on the importance of sanitation to prevent foodborne illness and food allergic reactions. Cleaning and sanitizing is a critical process and the foundation of food safety in any food operation.Retail Meat & Poultry ProcessingTraining Modules
2 Developed under a cooperative agreement with the United States Department of AgricultureFood Safety and Inspection ServiceDeveloped byMinnesota Department of AgricultureDairy and Food Inspection Division,Hennepin County Environmental HealthMinnesota Department of HealthUniversity of MinnesotaSeptember 2004This module was developed by the Minnesota Department of Agriculture with expertise and resources from the Hennepin County Environmental Health, Minnesota Department of Health and the University of Minnesota Extension Service. The Retail Meat and Poultry Processing Training Modules were produced under a cooperative agreement with the United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety Inspection Service. Food safety regulators, trainers and representatives from the food industry provided input on the final product at prior training sessions showcasing the Retail Meat and Poultry Processing Training Modules. Photos you will see in this module were taken at Lunds, Edina, MN.Note: Rules and regulations cited may be specific to the Minnesota Food Code. These may differ for you, if you adhere to other standards and regulations.
3 PretestAdminister Pretest: Before we start the Sanitation: The Foundation of Food Safety training session, let’s see how much you already know. I’ll be giving you a test before the training and the same test after the training. The results will show what you already know and what you have learned during the presentation.Note: Make 2 copies of the Sanitation pretest/posttest for each student. Copy on different colored paper to separate the pretest and the posttest. Ask participants to circle the word pretest. Pretest/posttest is found on the CD (Sanitation folder).
4 Topics Biofilm—a hidden hazard What is sanitation? Hot water sanitizingChemical sanitizingFactors affecting sanitizing processChemical safetyFrequencyWho’s job is it?Developing written proceduresMonitoring sanitationCorrective actionResults of poor sanitationWhat is sanitation?Good Retail Practices (GRPs)Sanitation Standard Operation Procedures (SSOPs)Foodborne illnessFood allergens5 step cleaning and sanitizing processDifference between cleaning and sanitizingTypes of cleanersReview topics in slide. Ask question: Any thing else that you hoped would be covered in this session today?
5 Learning ObjectivesDiscuss the importance of sanitation and why it is essential in preventing foodborne illness.Explain the difference between cleaning and sanitation.Perform the 5 steps of cleaning and sanitizing correctly.Define biofilms and explain the relationship of cleaning and sanitizing to prevent biofilms.Select appropriate cleaners and sanitizers.Practice safety recommendations to avoid the hazards of cleaners and sanitizers.List 2 ways to monitor effective sanitation.At the end of this session you should be able to:Discuss the importance of sanitation and why it is essential in preventing foodborne illness.Explain the difference between cleaning and sanitizing.Perform the 5 steps of cleaning and sanitizing correctly.Define biofilms and explain the relationship of cleaning and sanitizing to prevent biofilms.Select appropriate cleaners and sanitizers.Practice safety recommendations to avoid the hazards of cleaners and sanitizers.List 2 ways to monitor effective sanitation.
6 What is “Sanitation”?The process of creating conditions that promote the safe production of foodWhat is “Sanitation”? - A formal definition is ‘The process of creating conditions that promote the safe production of food’.This is rather a broad definition. Sanitation can cover many different aspects of an operation – from employee practices to maintenance of the building and facilities, and cleaning procedures.Support Material:Sanitation Support/Background InformationMinnesota Food Code Specifications , page 2
7 Sanitation BasicsGRPs – Good Retail Practices The basic requirements to ensure production of wholesome food including employee practices, buildings/facilities, equipment/utensils, and production/process controls.SSOPs –Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures The specific steps taken to perform sanitation tasks including the details of your sanitation procedures and frequency.The broad term ‘Sanitation’ can be divided into two components.GRPs stands for Good Retail Practices. These are the basic requirements to ensure production of wholesome food including employee practices, buildings/facilities, equipment/utensils and production and process controls. For example the GRP for employee practices should include policies for hair restraints, clean clothing, jewelry, fingernails, etc. A GRP for buildings and facilities should cover construction and maintenance of floors, walls and ceilings.SSOPs stands for Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures. They are the specific steps taken to perform the sanitation tasks including the details of your sanitation procedures and frequency or how often to clean.
8 Why is Sanitation so important? Many cases of foodborne illness areassociated with sanitation problems.The complete sanitation process will reduce bacteria and viruses that cause foodborne illness.Essential to programs such as HACCP.Ensures quality and consistency of food products.Controls allergen cross-contamination.Why is Sanitation important?Many cases of foodborne illness are associated with sanitation problems. Contaminated equipment, including food contact surfaces that have not been properly cleaned and sanitized is one of the 5 major risk factors contributing to foodborne illness.The complete sanitation process will reduce the numbers of bacteria and viruses that could be present on equipment and utensils and cause a wide variety of foodborne illnesses.Proper sanitation is essential to safe food handling including programs such as HACCP. HACCP stands for Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points. It is a system where food safety risks are analyzed at all stages of storage, processing and display. Once the risks or hazards are identified, controls must be put in place to reduce or eliminate the risk. Some state or local regulations require certain food operations to have a written HACCP plan, such as for smoking and curing of meats or vacuum packaging of food.Question: How does your HACCP plan address sanitation?Food equipment that is not properly cleaned and sanitized can leave spoilage bacteria that can cause poor quality product and reduce the shelf lifeControl of food allergens is an emerging risk in food processing. If a food contact surface is not properly cleaned in between handling different kinds of foods, food proteins can be carried over to the next food, possibly causing an allergic reaction in the person that eats it. (called cross-contamination). We’ll talk about food allergens in the next slide.
9 A Hidden Hazard: Food Allergens Proteins some foods cause allergic reactionsEight food groups cause 90% of food allergic reactionsMilk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, soy, fish, shellfishFood allergens are truly the newest food safety hazard.It is a protein in some foods that cause allergic reactions in some people.There are eight food groups that are the cause of 90% of food allergic reactions. Those 8 food groups are milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, soy, fish, and shellfish. Question: Do you use any of these food products?
10 A Hidden Hazard: Food Allergens Foods must be labeled accuratelyEffective cleaning procedures eliminate residues that cause food allergiesIdentifying allergenic ingredients is a first step.It is critical that food labels contain a complete list of ingredients that declare all allergens.It is the cleaning/washing step that remove the proteins that are the cause of food allergic reaction.An example of where allergen cross contact might occur is when using a slicker to slice turkey after slicing bologna, which contains soy or non-fat dried milk and not cleaning and sanitizing the slicer between uses.Support Materials:Allergen Facts: FoodAllergen Inspection Check Points Fact SheetFood Ingredients and AllergiesRetail Labeling Guidelines
11 Cleaning and Sanitizing Multiple Step Process Pre-cleaning – Scrape and rinse to remove loose food.Wash - Use detergent solutions to remove stuck-on food.Rinse to remove food and detergent.Sanitize to kill attached surviving bacteria and viruses.Air Dry.Cleaning and sanitizing is really a multiple step process. The 5 steps are:Pre-cleaning – scraping and rinsing surfaces to remove excess and loose food;.Washing – using detergent solutions to remove stuck on food;Rinsing – to remove the food and detergent solutions;Sanitizing – this kills attached surviving bacteria and viruses; andAir Drying – on the sink drain boards or for large equipment – in place.Each of these steps must be done – in this order – for the process to be effective.
12 The ProcessNote: This slide in the PowerPoint presentation shows each step in the process. You will need to click the mouse to advance to the next step as you reinforce the key points of the process below.With scraping or other pre-cleaning – the more food residues removed ahead of time, the wash water will stay clean.Washing – using a detergent solution to loosen and remove food and other soils – use a detergent that best meets your needs.Rinsing – this is an important step to remove any remaining food or detergents.Sanitizing – a critical step to remove the bacteria or viruses that may still be present on the equipment.Air Drying – this step is critical to allow chemical sanitizers to evaporate off the surface and also to be sure that re-contamination does not occur.There can be NO shortcuts in this process - each step must be done and done in the proper order.
13 Where to wash? Equipment sink Clean in Place Mechanical Dish Machines Where do these sanitation operations occur?Equipment sinks are used for washing small equipment and utensils. The 3 or 4 compartments along with drain boards will provide a space for each of the steps to be conducted. The sink compartments must be large enough to accommodate the equipment you have to clean. Drain boards on the sink are required for air drying utensils and smaller equipment. Be sure that sinks are kept free of other items such as chemicals, towels, etc.Some equipment is too large or not easily movable and can not be put into a sink. Items that would be cleaned in place might include parts of meat saws, grinders, slicers, etc. Even though these items are not placed in the sink, all 5 steps previously discussed still need to be done.Mechanical dish machines can also be used. They require specific operating procedures depending on the type of machine, sanitizing method, etc.Support Materials:Minnesota Food Code SpecificationsSafe Sanitizing, Minnesota Food Code Fact SheetSanitation Support Reference Information, page 3
14 Two Critical Components Cleaningthe chemical and physical process of removing dirt, food, or soil from surfacesSanitizingresults in removing or killing bacteria and virusesWhile cleaning and sanitizing is a multiple step process, there are two of those steps that are especially critical: Cleaning and Sanitizing.As already discussed, the cleaning step is the chemical and physical process of removing dirt, food, or other soils from surfaces.The sanitizing step is the step that results in removing or killing microbes that might remain on surfaces.These two steps are two completely separate operations; you must clean a surface before sanitizing can be effective. Each step is important, for different reasons, in achieving food safety.
15 Why Clean?A clean surface is needed so that the bacteria will be killed by the action of the sanitizer and the food allergens are eliminated!Remember - CLEANING or washing is the process of removing the food or soil.A clean surface is needed so that the bacteria or viruses will be killed by the action of the sanitizer. If a sanitizer is applied to a surface that has not been ‘cleaned’ – its action will not be effective against the microbes.While microbes are killed in the sanitizing step, food allergens are controlled at the cleaning/washing step.
16 Types of Cleaners Soap/Detergent Heavy Duty Detergent Each type has a specific function – choose an appropriate product for your needsSoap/DetergentHeavy Duty DetergentAbrasive CleanersAcid CleanersDegreasersThere are several different types of cleaning agents. Each type has a specific function– what’s right for one use may not be right for another. Choose a product that fits your needs.Soaps and detergents are general purpose cleaners while heavy duty detergents are often used in dish washing machines.Abrasive cleaners contain a gritty material that helps to scour off grease and heavy soil.Acid cleaners are used to de-lime equipment such as sinks, dish machines, and ice machines.Degreasers are often used on equipment, floors and walls where there is a heavy grease buildup.You must use the proper type of cleaner in correct proportions for each cleaning task.There are some disadvantages with some types of cleaners; they may react with some types of surfaces. For example, highly alkaline detergents shouldn’t be used on aluminum pans or cooler walls because they will pit the surface.
17 Control of these 4 steps will result in a clean surface! Cleaning ProcessSuccess depends upon:Proper strength of the detergent solutionTemperature of the detergent solutionContact time of the solution with the food contact surfaceMechanical Action/ScrubbingIn the cleaning or washing step, there are several points that ensure success.The proper strength of the detergent wash solution – be sure to use enough to loosen stuck on foods and cut through the grease. Too much could harm employees or leave residues.The temperature of the detergent solution – detergents may not perform properly if the solution is too cool.Contact time of the solution with the food contact surface.Mechanical action or scrubbing helps move dirt and microbes to the drain.Be sure to change the wash solutions when they become dirty. Use clean cloths and brushes.Following these steps will result in a clean surface!Control of these 4 steps will result in a clean surface!
18 A Hidden Hazard: Biofilms A thin, not visible, layer of food and bacteria that has built up on a surface.Biofilms can form over a long period of time as a result of poor cleaning procedures.They prevent cleaners and sanitizers from effectively reaching all surfaces.A hidden hazard in sanitation is something called a biofilm.It is a very thin, not visible layer of food and bacteria that can build up on a surfaceThey can form on food contact surfaces over a long period of time when those surfaces have not been properly cleaned.Once biofilms have formed, cleaners and sanitizers can no longer reach the actual surface that needs to be cleaned.Support Material:Biofilm Fact Sheet
19 Sanitizing Hot Water Must maintain appropriate water temperature Chemical Several different typesThere are two methods of sanitizing that are commonly used in retail operations. Hot Water or Chemical Sanitizers.When using hot water as a sanitizer, a booster heater must be used to maintain the proper temperature. In a three compartment sink, the sanitizing water temperature must be maintained at 170°F. When using a hot water sanitizing dish machine, you must follow the specifications on the data plate of the individual machine. Thermometers or temperature strips must be used to ensure the proper temperatures are achieved.If using chemical sanitizers, there are several types and many things that must be taken into consideration.
20 Chemical Sanitizers Several Types ChlorineIodineQuaternary ammonium compoundsAcid–Detergent SanitizerOthersYou should choose a chemical sanitizer that meets the needs of or conditions at your operation.Chlorine, Iodine, Quaternary Ammonia, and Acid-Detergents are the more common types used in retail operations. There are other types.There are benefits to each type of chemical sanitizer. The one you choose for your operation should be based on your water quality including factors such as hardness and pH, types of surfaces you are sanitizing. You should also keep in mind that different chemical sanitizers are more effective than others on different kinds of bacteria or viruses.Also, each type of chemical requires a different type of test kit; be sure you have the right kind.Activity 1: (Chemical Sanitizers – Several Types)Select 2 or 3 participants from the class and have them each prepare a “proper” sanitizing solution using a chlorine sanitizer.Have available several mixing containers, clean water, a chlorine solution and several options for measuring chlorine (measuring spoons, portion cups, mixing cups).Have test strips available to check the concentration and see if it is correct.Optional Activity: See Sanitation activity section. Can You Identify the Sanitizers matching quiz. Print and distribute copies of quiz to participants. Allow 3 to 5 minutes to complete. Review answers and comments found on the answer key.Support Materials:Sanitation Support/Reference Materials, page 2—Detergents and their Properties and Sanitizing and their Properties
21 Sanitizing Process Success depends on: A clean surface Clean sanitizing solutionProper strength of sanitizing solutionProper water temperatureSufficient contact time for effectivenessThe second critical step in the sanitation process is sanitizing. Again, there are several points that will ensure success.A completely clean surface is essential prior to beginning the sanitizing process.Change the sanitizing solutions as often as necessary to keep clean and effective.Maintain the sanitizing solutions at the proper strength. A test kit must be available and used often to be sure the chemical is being used at the proper strength. Question: How often do you test your sanitizer solution?The temperature of water is specific to the type of sanitizer being used. For example, water that is too hot can cause chlorine to evaporate from the solution.Allow the equipment and utensils to remain in the sanitizing solution for enough time. The proper time will vary depending on the sanitizer that is being used.THE KEY IS THAT YOU MUST FOLLOW THE LABEL USE INSTRUCTIONS for the sanitizer you use.Many of the above items will vary depending on the type or brand of chemical being used.
22 Chemicals: Read the Label Chemicals must be usedaccording to label directionsSanitizer must be approved for use on food contact surfaces.Use proper water temperature and rate as stated on the label.MSDSAll chemicals must be used according to the label directions.A chemical sanitizer must be labeled and approved for use on food contact surfaces. For example store brands of bleach are often not labeled for use on food preparation surfaces or in commercial operations. Sanitizers approved for use in commercial operations must have an EPA registration number on the label.The label on each product will give specific instructions for proper use and handling including information on water temperature and rates to use.Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) contain information on proper use, storage, and emergency procedures for each specific chemical. MSDSs must be available at each facility and employees must be trained so they understand the information.
23 Chemical Safety DO NOT MIX CHEMICALS! Hazardous reactions will occur Cause injury or illness to employees or consumersMay decrease effectiveness of either productChemical safety is an area that can be overlooked. Be sure employees are knowledgeable about the chemical products they use. For example, different chemicals must not be mixed together.Hazardous reactions will occur that might cause injury or illness to employees or customers.A common example of a hazardous reaction is when a chemical containing chlorine and ammonia are mixed, dangerous gases can be produced.In other situations, mixing of chemicals can decrease the effectiveness of either product.
24 Chemical Dispensing Systems Automatically measure cleaning and sanitizing chemicalsMust have adequate backflow protectionMust still monitor sanitizer concentrationChemical dispensing systems are very popular.These systems automatically measure and dispense cleaning and sanitizing chemicals into sinks or through hoses in ‘clean in place’ systemsWhen directly plumbed to water supply lines, these systems must have adequate backflow protection, either through a backflow prevention device, or an air gap, to ensure that the chemical can not be back-siphoned into the water supply system. A vacuum breaker is not an adequate backflow prevention device.While these systems can be time savers and result in efficient chemical use, they must be properly managed and frequently monitored to assure proper operation. You must still use a chemical test kit to monitor the concentration of the sanitizer.Question: Does anyone use a chemical dispensing system? How do you know it’s working and dispensing the proper amount of sanitizer?
25 Frequency of Cleaning & Sanitizing Is determined by many factors like:TimeTemperature in the work areaChange in foods being processedRaw to ready-to-eatAllergen to non-allergenDifferent meat speciesIn addition to ensuring that the cleaning and sanitizing procedures are done completely and properly, how often these operations are done also affects food safety. There are several factors that determine the required frequency of cleaning:Time. When used with potentially hazardous foods, equipment and food contact surfaces must be cleaned throughout the day at least once every four (4) hours. For example, meat slicers, grinders, cutting boards, and meat saws, must be disassembled, cleaned, and sanitized every 4 hours.Temperature - An exception is when equipment is used and stored in a refrigerated room that is maintained at 41°F or less, it would not have to be cleaned every 4 hours. However, the equipment must still be cleaned and sanitized at least every 24 hours.When there is a change in foods being processed, cleaning and sanitizing may also be required; for example after a cutting board is used for raw chicken before cutting vegetables. Also, check the ingredient labels on products that may contain allergens; a slicer used for bologna containing soy needs to be cleaned before use with a non-soy containing turkey product. Raw meat products must be processed in an order so that those that cause the most contamination (poultry) are cut after other species (beef, pork).Finally, cleaning and sanitizing should be done anytime contamination may have occurred – this could be from an environmental source or from employees.Activity 2: (Frequency of Cleaning)Provide small squares of paper in 2 different colors to each class participant.Conduct a quiz on the subject as suggested below.Ask participants to hold up a certain color paper if they agree with the statement or another color if they disagree with the statement.Suggested Agree/Disagree Questions:A meat grinder must be cleaned and sanitized daily if it is located in the meat cooler. (Agree)A slicer in a deli operation must only be cleaned and sanitized daily. (Disagree)A chicken stir-fry mix is being prepared; the cutting board used to prepare the chicken for cooking must be cleaned and sanitized after cutting the vegetables. (Disagree)A chicken stir-fry mix is being prepared; the cutting board used to prepare the chicken for cooking must be cleaned and sanitized before cutting the vegetables. (Agree)Cleaning the slicer every 4 hours will assist in controlling cross contact of soy allergen that may be present in one type of lunchmeat but not in another. (Disagree)In a meat department, raw chicken should be cut first thing in the morning, then no additional clean up would need to occur as other species of meat are cut up before lunch. (Disagree)Cleaning the slicer by spraying with a sanitizer solution and wiping with a clean rag is adequate sanitation throughout the day. (Disagree)It would be okay to wait until the end of the day to clean a prep table if boxes of food that were just received were set on top of it. (Disagree)An employee that is preparing a vegetable tray sneezes into her hand and continues to cut up vegetables. Her supervisor has to remind here to go and wash her hands. Is that the only food safety issue that needs to be addressed? (Disagree)The meat cutting room has a cooling unit and the temperature usually runs about 50F. They can still conduct a full clean up on equipment once a day. (Disagree)
26 Who’s job is it? Sanitation is everyone’s responsibility! Employee training should include the basics of sanitation.Training requires understanding and support from management.So whose job is it? Sanitation is everyone’s responsibility! And training is critical; employees can’t do what they don’t know!Training for new employees should include basics and topics unique to each job. Tell them how to do it and show them how to do it. Training for current employees should be on-going. Topics should include changes in policies and procedures and re-enforcement of previous training.Training requires understanding and support from management. They need to address training needs as they observe employees in their day to day work and they need to be a good example themselves.Question: What kind of training did you get on cleaning and sanitizing?
27 Developing SSOP’s Written Procedures Detailed procedures for cleaning and sanitizing.A checklist of equipment to be cleaned and the frequency to be cleaned.Steps for the tear-down and re-assembly of equipment.Procedures and schedule for cleaning non-food contact surfaces and facilities.Instructions for use of sanitation chemicals.Developing written procedures for your sanitation program can help to make training easier.Activity 3: (Developing SSOPs)Developing SSOPs Directions:Have class participants make a list of equipment and areas they would need to clean in their facility.Have them write down cleaning procedures for how to clean one of these items.When they are completed, have group discussion on what they included and steps they wrote down on the procedures.Review the following key concepts:Written SSOPs should include the following:Detailed procedures for cleaning and sanitizing – the necessary steps in the process including the reasoning for doing it that way.A checklist of equipment that needs to be cleaned including how often it needs to be done, twice daily, daily, etc.Instructions on how to break down and re-assemble equipment. Equipment can not be fully cleaned if not completely taken apart.Procedures and a schedule for cleaning non-food contact surfaces of equipment and facilities. Examples of this might be shelving, sinks, inside surfaces of coolers, rails, cooling units, overhead pipes, light fixtures, floors, walls, ceiling and carts.Instructions for the use, labeling, and safe handling of chemicals, especially sanitizers.These would be most basic items to include in written sanitation standard operating procedures.
28 More SSOPs Employee practices Steps for preparing and storing foods Monitoring temperaturesPreventing cross contaminationPest ControlFacility and Grounds MaintenanceAdditional items that could be included in SSOPs are:Employee practices such as requirements for employee illness reporting, handwashing, and hygienic practices including clothing, smoking, eating, and hair covering.Steps for storing and preparing food including, monitoring temperatures and procedures to prevent cross contamination.Pest control procedures include monitoring, trapping, elimination of access to building and to food. .Maintenance of the facility and grounds including storage of equipment, waste removal, maintenance of parking lots, and weed control.
29 Monitoring Sanitation Do a ‘walk through’ of the facilityLOOK - see that equipment is cleanWatch employee handwashingUse test strips to check sanitizer strengthUse a bioluminator or other toolOnce SSOPs have been developed, it is important to follow up to ensure that the procedures are being followed and that items are being done correctly or adequately. We call this monitoring.Managers and supervisors should do a walk through inspection of the operation – “inspect what you expect”. They should supervise daily routines and point out when corrections are needed but also reinforce good habits and practices.Look at equipment to be sure it has been adequately cleaned before it is sanitized. They should verify work done against the master cleaning scheduleSupervisors should watch employees to be sure they are washing their hands properly and when required.Employees can do ‘monitoring’ as they go by using the test kit to check sanitizer strength.Another tool that can be used to monitor the effectiveness of the cleaning and sanitizing activities is called a bioluminator. This tool will show when a surface has not been cleaned properly. Another monitoring tool might be to conduct swab tests to check for bacteria.Questions: What environmental sampling tool do you use to make sure your sanitation program is working? Does anyone conduct swab tests? How often?Support Material:Bioluminescence: An Introduction
30 Results of Monitoring Use a check list and write down what you find. Are employees following procedures?How effective are your cleaning procedures?Use your results to solve or prevent problems and re-occurrencesMonitoring means nothing if you do nothing with the information.Use your checklist and write down what you find and keep records to document your actions.Check to see if employees are following procedures - if they are not following procedures find out why.Evaluate how effective your cleaning procedures are.When problems are found, solve the problem and retrain the employees with the proper procedures. Encourage employee feedback to improve procedures. Communication and follow-up are key to effective monitoring.Support Materials:Sanitation ChecklistMaintain Records
31 Corrective ActionWhen an item on the check list is missed or poorly done, make sure it is corrected.Be sure to re-check and then write down that it was corrected.Another key to monitoring is to take corrective action.If an item on the checklist is noted as missed or poorly done, you must make sure it is corrected. Tell the employee what is wrong, and how they need to correct it. For example, if food residue is found on a piece of equipment, show them the problem and be sure they know how to re-clean and then sanitize.A manager or supervisor should then re-check to be sure it is satisfactory and write down that it was corrected. An additional space on the checklist can be used to indicate that corrections were made.
32 Results of Poor Sanitation Reduced shelf lifePoor quality productCustomer illnessesMedical claims, lawsuitsFood recallsFines or other regulatory actionBad publicityLoss of customersLoss of your jobWhen sanitation procedures are not done properly, there are many possible effects.At a minimum, it can result in reduced shelf life or a poor quality product.But, the results can be more serious. A customer could become ill. It is estimated that there are 76 million cases of foodborne illnesses in the US every year – more than 325,000 are hospitalized and 5,000 die!Other consequences of poor sanitation include:Medical claims or lawsuits against the company.If bacteria are found in the food, it might need to be recalled.The government could impose fines or take court action.All of this leads to bad publicity for the store; customers lose confidence and shop somewhere else. It could even cost you your job. Your reputation and the stores’ are on the line!
33 SANITATION IS A FOUNDATION OF FOOD SAFETY SummarySANITATION IS A FOUNDATION OF FOOD SAFETYCleaning and sanitizing is a multiple step processDifferences between cleaning and sanitizingDevelop written SSOPsMonitoring is critical to identifying sanitation failuresSanitation is a foundation of food safety.Cleaning and sanitizing are part of a multiple step process; but each is a critical step in itself.A clean surface is needed so that the bacteria will be killed by the action of the sanitizer. The food allergens are eliminated in the cleaning step.Develop SSOPs - written procedures for your sanitation program will ensure good sanitation results, assist with consistency and can help to make training easier.Monitoring sanitation procedures and effectiveness is critical to identifying sanitation failures.In the long run, a well planned sanitation program can save you money, but more importantly it protects the health and well being of your customers.
34 Wrap-Up Do you have any questions? What information was new? How will you apply what you learned today?PosttestAre there any questions?? (Answer questions.) I have a couple of questions for you:What information was new today?How will you apply what you learned today?Administer Posttest: Now it’s time to take the posttest. Let’s see what you have learned during the presentation. Note: Distribute a copy of the Sanitation pretest/posttest to each student. Ask participants to circle the word posttest. Pretest/posttest is found on the CD (Sanitation folder) and in the Sanitation Activity section.