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Note-taking and Citing your Sources

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1 Note-taking and Citing your Sources
How NOT to plagiarize your research project

2 Note-taking There are three methods for taking notes:
Quoting Summarizing Paraphrasing No matter which method you use, you MUST give the author credit for his/her work; this will help you avoid plagiarism. You do this by using a Works Cited page and using internal citations, or parenthetical documentation, throughout your research paper or project.

3 Quoting This is the easiest kind of note to take.
You literally quote verbatim what someone else said. You want to use this ONLY when the way the author said it CANNOT be improved or you want emphasis placed on the fact. You must put quotation marks around the piece of information that you are using. Ex. “Andersen says that he has found a connection between violent video games and violent behavior” (Sohn 5).

4 Summarizing Summarizing is taking a large amount of information and putting it in a few sentences IN YOUR OWN WORDS. Even if you are summarizing, you still have to give the author credit…it was not your original idea. Use this to communicate a lot of information in a little space. Ex. Scientists are beginning to see the negative effects that video games can have on the brain. Violence in video games can inspire violence in a person’s life. In addition, the more violence that a person is exposed to will desensitize the individual to violence in real life (Sohn 3-6).

5 Paraphrasing A paraphrase is the main idea of a passage put into your own words in just a few sentences. This means you have to understand what you have read and then reword it so that you get the information without quoting the material. Use this to avoid quoting and when you can get several facts into one or two sentences. Ex. Violence in video games can be harmful to young people. It can affect the way they think, feel, and understand the world around them (Sohn 3- 6).

6 Plagiarism Plagiarism is using someone else’s words, ideas, or work as your own. This can be as simple as copying and pasting a website into a word document and turning it in, or as little as not giving the author of a piece of information credit. THIS CAN GET YOU KICKED OUT OF COLLEGE!! Failure to properly cite your information is plagiarism.

7 Works Cited page Use MLA (Modern Language Association) format. You will use this in high school too. This is a list of all of the sources that you have used in your paper or project. This lets the reader know where he/she can go to check your sources. It comes at the end of your paper or project. It should be in alphabetical order. It uses hanging indentation. To do this, click “paragraph”, “indentation”, “hanging”. I will help you do this when it is time to create your works cited slide.

8 For your sources… You will need the following information to properly cite information on your Works Cited page: Author Article or book title Publisher Copyright date Page numbers used If you cannot find a piece of information, ask for help.

9 Citing a book source Works Cited entry: Internal Citation
Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication. Internal Citation Fact that you used in your PowerPoint (Lastname page number).

10 Citing a Reference Book (Encyclopedia)
Works Cited entry “Article Title.” Encyclopedia Name. Edition number. Year of publication. Medium of publication Internal Citation Fact that you used in your PowerPoint (“Article Title” page number).

11 Citing an Online Source
Works Cited entry if there is an author listed Lastname, Firstname. “Page Title.” Website Name. Publisher. Date of publication. Web. Access date. Internal Citation Fact that you used in your PowerPoint (lastname) OR Works Cited entry if there is no author listed “Page Title.” Website Name. Publisher. Date of publication. Web. Access date. Fact that you used in your PowerPoint (“Article Title”)

12 Justin Timberlake – Biographical Information
Justin Timberlake was born on January 31, 1981 (“Justin Timberlake Biography”). – Online source In Memphis, Tennessee (Roach 17) – book To parents Randall Timberlake and Lynn Harless (“Justin Timberlake”) - Encyclopedia

13 Works Cited “Justin Timberlake.” Pop Culture Encyclopedia. 1st ed Print. "Justin Timberlake Biography." Bio. A&E Television Networks, Web. 08 Mar Roach, Martin. Justin Timberlake: The Unofficial Book. New York: Virgin Books, Print.

14 Most importantly… If you have any questions about anything, don’t just guess…ASK!!

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