Purdue University Writing Lab Using MLA Format -- Modern Language Association A workshop brought to you by the Purdue University Writing Lab
What is MLA Format? In simple terms, we use MLA rules to create works cited pages and to document research in papers or projects. It’s the rules that govern punctuation and capitalization of this information.
Purdue University Writing Lab Why Use MLA Format? Allows readers to cross-reference your sources easily Provides consistent format Makes your paper more believable Protects you from plagiarism
Purdue University Writing Lab What is Plagiarism? Presenting someone else’s work as your own. Examples Using three words directly from a source and not placing them in quotations and citing the source Copying and pasting from the Internet Putting another person’s ideas into your own words and not citing them
Purdue University Writing Lab Where Do I Find MLA Format? Reeths-Puffer LMC website Student Handbook Composition textbooks www.mla.org OWL website: owl.english.purdue.edu owl.english.purdue.edu
Purdue University Writing Lab MLA Style: Two Parts 1. Works Cited or Bibliography Page 2. Parenthetical Citations
Purdue University Writing Lab A Sample Works Cited Page Smith 12 Works Cited Dickens, Charles. Bleak House. New York: Penguin, 1985. Print. Miller, J. Hillis. Charles Dickens: The World and His Novels. Bloomington: U of Indiana P, 1958. Print. Reich, Jeff. "A Place to Remember." The Writer. 6 Nov. 2009. General Reference Center Gold. Web. 9 Nov. 2009.
Purdue University Writing Lab Works Cited Page A complete list of every source that you make reference to in your essay Provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any sources cited in your essay.
Purdue University Writing Lab Most citations should contain the following basic information: Author’s name Title of work Publication information Medium Works Cited
Purdue University Writing Lab Use Times Roman 12 pt. font Double Space Use a hanging indent (reverse of a paragraph) Alphabetize by author last name. Ex: Johnson, Carl Center Works Cited at the top Invert the month and the day – 11 November 2009 Italicize titles of books and websites Works Cited General Format
Purdue University Writing Lab Book Author. Title. City of Publishing: Publisher, Copyright Year. Medium. Example Millay, Linda. The Inimitable: Charles Dickens. New York: Random House, 1963. Print. Works Cited: Format
Purdue University Writing Lab Works Cited: Format Web page Author. “Title of Web Page.” Title of Web Site. Date Updated/Created. Medium. Date Accessed. Example Dorre, Gina Marlene. "Handling the Iron Horse." Nineteenth Century Studies. November 2009. Web. 9 November 2009.
Purdue University Writing Lab Works Cited: Format Database Author. “Title of Article.” Title of Original Source. Date Updated/Created. Database. Medium. Date Accessed. Example Adams, Thomas. “Alternative Testing." Nineteenth Century Studies. 14 June 2009: 15-18. Sirs Researcher. Web. 2 November 2009.
Purdue University Writing Lab Study the basics of MLA citation format. When something odd comes up, look it up. Works Cited
Purdue University Writing Lab Parenthetical Citations Indicates what you used from outside sources Shows from where within the source you borrowed the information All information that is not originally yours or common knowledge must be documented – even when you put it into your own words! Parenthetical citations must match sources on the works cited page.
Purdue University Writing Lab When Should You Use Parenthetical Citations? 1. Quoting -- repeating another source word for word, using quotation marks 2. Summarizing -- taking ideas from a large passage of another source and condensing them, using your own words 3. Paraphrasing -- using ideas from another source but changing the phrasing into your own words
Purdue University Writing Lab Citations in Your Text Author’s last name and page number(s) of quote must appear in the text: Romantic poetry is characterized by the “ spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings ” (Wordsworth 263). Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (263).
Purdue University Writing Lab In-Text Citations In-text Example: One online film critic stated that Fitzcarraldo is "...a beautiful and terrifying critique of obsession and colonialism" (Garcia 1). Corresponding Works Cited Entry: Garcia, Elizabeth. "Herzog: a Life." Online Film Critics Corner. The Film School of New Hampshire. 2 May 2002. Web. 8 Jan. 2009.
Purdue University Writing Lab There are many different combinations and variations within MLA citation format. If you run into something unusual, look it up! Handling Quotes in Your Text