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The Internet, World Wide Web, and Computer Communication.

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Presentation on theme: "The Internet, World Wide Web, and Computer Communication."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Internet, World Wide Web, and Computer Communication

2 The Internet The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks. It is a network of networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government networks.* *Wikipedia

3 World Wide Web A system of interlinked hypertext documents accessed via the Internet* *Wikipedia

4 History of the Internet Began with Point-to-Point (P2P) communication between computers (later Peer-to-peer) First version of the Internet was called APARNET – Mainly used by universities, scientists, and government agencies to share information Internet2

5 Peer-to-Peer P2P – a network where one computer acts as a server or client for other computers Allows sharing access to various resources such as files Centralized (Not P2P)

6 Internet 2

7 The Internet 2A 2A ads/map/GFP-master_interactive_pdf-10-04- 12.pdf ads/map/GFP-master_interactive_pdf-10-04- 12.pdf

8 Internet Communications Sold by ISPs (Internet Service Providers) – Verizon, Comcast, Cox Cable, etc. LAN – Local Area Network Dial-Up Broadband Wi-Fi Satellite Broadband Mobile Broadband

9 Routers and Modems Router – forwards data packets over computer networks to multiple computers Modem – (modulator-demodulator) encodes and decodes transmitted information. Connects to your ISP.

10 The Internet Every computer or device connected to the Internet has an IP address Instructions on where to send data and where to receive data

11 VoIP, IM, Video Chat Voice over IP Alternative to traditional telephone Ventrilo, Teamspeak, Raidcall Skype, Google Hangouts, Facetime

12 The Internet Internet users by Language Website content language

13 Internet - Domain Names Defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority, or control US Department of Justice began using a tactic of seizing domain names, based on the legal theory that domain names are part of the property used by defendants to allegedly engage in criminal activities, and thus subject to forfeiture

14 The World Wide Web Not exactly the same as the Internet – Internet is a system of interconnected computer networks – World Wide Web is a collection of text documents and other resources linked by hyperlinks and URLs( Uniform Resource Locator)

15 World Wide Web Web Browser Software that requests and interprets web pages Hypertext Transfer Protocol Protocol for Web Browser and Web Server Communications Web Server Computer that holds Web Pages and handles Browser requests Web Pages Electronic Documents Internet 15

16 Internet Backbone pRw3t2B pRw3t2B network/ network/

17 Google Data Centers

18 Computer Communications Information broken into packets To avoid monopolizing a network To recover in an event of an interruption

19 Computer Communications Bandwidth – the available or consumed data communication resources expressed in bits per second Latency – Time delay between communications Speedtest

20 Torrents Torrent file – a computer file that contains metadata about files and folders to be distributed, and usually also a list of the network locations of trackers Uses Peer-to-peer connections (P2P)

21 Magnet Links Trackers/hash code for the files are within the link Don’t need to download Torrent file anymore

22 Proxy Servers and VPN User connects to a proxy server as an intermediary to another server – i.e. Connect to a proxy server from another country VPN – virtual private network: allows computer to send and receive across shared or public networks as if it were directly connected to the private network

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