2 Domestication The animals : Behavior is changed in domestication Valued $$$Breeding is subject to human controlSurvival depends on humansBehavior is changed in domesticationFeed and water is controlled!
3 Domestication Across Globe 1. Near East (Fertile Crescent) 10,000 years ago.
4 Domestication Across Globe 2. South China 8,500 years ago
5 Domestication Across Globe 3. North China – 7,700 years ago.
6 Domestication Across Globe 4. Africa – 4,000 years ago.
7 Domestication Across Globe 5. South Central Andes – 4,500 years ago
8 Domestication Across Globe 6. Central Mexico – 4,700 years ago.
9 Domestication Across Globe 7. Eastern United States – 4,500 years ago
10 Food, Cockfights, Religion DomesticationSpecieWhenWhereWhyDog14,000 Years Ago.Old WorldCompanionshipSheep10,700 Years Ago.Food, Milk and ClothingGoat9,000 Years Ago.Food, Clothing and MilkPigFood & SportCattle6,500 Years Ago.Religious ReasonsChicken5,500 Years Ago.IndiaFood, Cockfights, ReligionHorse5,000 Years Ago.Food & Transport
11 Domestication Terms: Wild Animal: Exotic Animal: Not genetically altered by selective breeding.Exotic Animal:Wild animal not native to country.Example, not from USA or Canada, etc…
12 Domestication Terms: Feral Animal: Breed: A domestic animal that lives in the wild with no human assistance.Breed:A population of domestic animals, that the individual may vary in genotype and phenotype.
13 Historical Perspective 8,000 BCDomestication776 BCFirst Olympic Games334 BCAlexander the Great used Calvary to conquer1066 ADStirrups invented1598 ADCattle brought into the US by Spanish1867 ADCattle Drives to Railroad
14 Historical Perspective 1884 ADUSDA began1905 ADDHIA was Established (Dairy Records)1914 ADExtension ServiceHomestead Act played a huge part of the livestock industry in the USLand was free rather then cheap