Presentation on theme: "Bio Prospecting Experience in Ethiopia Presented By Mesfin Bayou Legal Consultant Regional ABS Capacity-Building Workshop for Eastern and Southern African."— Presentation transcript:
Bio Prospecting Experience in Ethiopia Presented By Mesfin Bayou Legal Consultant Regional ABS Capacity-Building Workshop for Eastern and Southern African Oct. 2-6, 2005, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Agreement on access to, and sharing benefit from Teff genetic resources 1. The Agreement was concluded on : December, 2004 2. Type of Genetic resource Eragrostis tef, a crop species of Ethiopian origin and having various attributes of interest to the food industry.
3. Parties to the Agreement Ethiopian Institute of Biodiversity Conservation (national competent authority) Agricultural Research Organization (national technical institution, coordinates national agricultural research on Teff ) And Health and Performance Food International by. (HPFI), of the Netherlands developed new applications of Teff for producing Teff- based food and beverage products
Scope of access for developing non-traditional Teff based food and beverage products does not include purposes of developing chemical, pharmaceutical etc. products, unless explicit written consent is given for that does not include access to traditional knowledge on conservation, cultivation and use of Teff, unless explicit written agreement is made
Traditional uses of Teff teff Injera (pan-cake) teff bread tela (local beer) source of rich iron food
Benefit sharing annually royalty of 30% of the net profit from sale of teff seeds 5% royalty on the net profit from teff products, which shall not be less than 20,000 Euro per year, to the Financial Resource Support for Teff development (improving the living conditions of local farming communities and developing Teff business in Ethiopia) share research results, knowledge or technologies, except undisclosed information involving Ethiopian scientists (EARO) in teff research Soliciting funding that will augment Teff fund contribution to national economy (establish profitable Teff businesses in Ethiopia, such as, Teff farming, cleaning and milling,bakeries, etc. through joint ventures with Ethiopian counterparts) acknowledging Ethiopia as the source of Teff.
Contribution to poverty alleviation establishment of profitable Teff businesses in Ethiopia, such as, Teff farming, cleaning and milling enterprises, bakeries, etc. better income for teff producing communities employment opportunities
Lessons learned - abs negotiating administration skill development - knowledge (information) on market potential of intended products - information on benefit sharing experiences
Changes Required Local level involve communities in ABS Administration
National Level enhanced awareness of stakeholders enhanced participation of stakeholders enhanced technical capacity of national competent authority enhanced coordination and communication b/n stakeholders enhanced access to ABS information and experiences
International Level user country compliance measures requirement of PIC from origin upon introduction of GR requirement of PIC upon application for IP