Presentation on theme: "BIO-PROSPECTING PRUNUS AFRICANA IN UGANDA By David L.N. Hafashimana (Ph.D) National Forestry Resources Research Institute (NaFORRI), UGANDA."— Presentation transcript:
BIO-PROSPECTING PRUNUS AFRICANA IN UGANDA By David L.N. Hafashimana (Ph.D) National Forestry Resources Research Institute (NaFORRI), UGANDA
Background Bio-prospecting? Or Collaborative Research? Prunus africana – African medicinal plant, widely distributed – wide variations genetically & chemically. Commercial extraction & Export of bark a threat Long term survival lies in successful plantations Diverse plantations – higher chances of survival and market satisfaction
Background … Project: DEVELOPMENT OF STRATEGIES FOR THE CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF P. AFRICANA TO IMPROVE THE LIVELIHOODS OF SMALL-SCALE FARMERS Coverage: Some countries in Eastern, Central and Southern Africa (eg. Cameroon, South Africa, Uganda, Tanzania, Madagascar, Kenya, Tanzania etc)
Project objectives Improve incomes and livelihoods of rural communities – improved germplasm Support national and trans-boundary in- situ and ex-situ conservation strategies – establishment of gene reserves Strengthen capacities of nationals for mgt of forest genetic resources
Highlights of the MTA Type of Agreement -Material Transfer Agreement – (in line with Ugandan law) Type and quantity of resource(s) - Prunus africana bark (for Chemical analysis) and leaves (for genetic analysis); Small quantities for research/ analysis – (In Austria) Purpose of collection and expected results – Research; results to be returned for use in mother garden (Gene reserves) establishment
Highlights … Location of research and development a)Partly in Provider country (collection, multiplication and scaling out/ planting) and b) Partly in User country (Chemical and genetic analysis – samples from different participating countries)
Highlights….. Prior informed consent (from who?) Government representative form Provider country (as it is a resource from Protected Areas - held by government in trust for all citizens); NB. Indigenous/ Local Communities would be involved (would be the givers of PIC) if the resource was from land owned by them/ one of them
Highlights …. Possible third party involvement - Transmission to any third party, to be referred to the provider for a fresh Agreement with the third party Conditions if there is a change in use along the line – Yes, New PIC and new agreement/ amendment to old agreement required for change of use
Type of benefits – Non-monetary benefits -Information sharing, -Technology transfer Some monetary benefits -Funding for sample collection and - Provision of some Scientific equipment for sample collection Highlights …
Direct contribution to poverty alleviation, if any: Anticipated through the improved planting stock/ germplasm to be availed to the communities for multiplication and planting for subsequent sale of the Prunus bark – proceeds to go to participating communities directly
Highlights …. In any ABS transaction, the provider country needs to know what it needs and guide the users on what is acceptable and what is not in accordance with national law and national needs, interests and priorities.
Conclusion We can use Biodiversity for Poverty Eradication; Sustainability is Vital Thank You
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.