Presentation on theme: "Section 4 - Lincoln’s Election and Southern Secession"— Presentation transcript:
1 Section 4 - Lincoln’s Election and Southern Secession Find Out:Why the Democratic Party split in the election of 1860The issues in the election of 1860The secession of the Southern states from the UnionThe Union’s response to secession
2 1. What caused a split in the Democratic Party at their convention in Charleston, SC? Democrats held convention to nominate candidate for President in Charleston, S.C. in April of 1860No. and So. Democrats disagreed on issue of slavery in their platform regarding popular sovereigntyNorthern Democrats won out causing 50 Southern delegates to walk outNorthern Democrats tried to nominate Stephen Douglas of IllinoisHe couldn’t win enough votes
3 Political Parties Splinter cont. Democrats gave up and decided to meet inBaltimore in June of 1860Couldn’t agree on candidate and NorthernDemocrats nominated Douglas Southern Democrats nominated John Breckinridge of Kentucky (current VP) and supporter of slavery (2)Republicans had already nominated LincolnJohn Bell ran for Constitutional Union Partywhich formed to preserve Union (3)
4 1860 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION Republicans nominated Abe Lincoln while the Democrats split (3)Lincoln won the 1860 election with less than half the popular vote and no Southern electoral votesThe Southern states were not happyAmerica from the Great Depression to World War II: Photographs from the FSA-OWI,Washington, D.C. Negro boys admiring the Lincoln Memorial –from Library of Congress .
6 4. How did the Presidential election of 1860 become two different races? Who won Lincoln and Douglas ran in the North and Breckenridge and bell ran in the South.
7 5. Before the 1860 presidential election, many Southern states had warned that if Lincoln won, the Southern states would secede, or withdraw from the Union. Supporters of secession based their arguments on the idea of states’ rights, arguing that the states had voluntarily joined the Union and had the right to leave the Union as well.
8 SOUTHERN SECESSIONLincoln’s victory in 1860 election convinced Southerners that they had to act quicklySouth Carolina led the way, seceding from the union in December of 1860 (6)Mississippi was next, then Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, & Texas (7)Southern delegates met in February, 1861 and formed the Confederate States of America with Jefferson Davis as President (8)Southern states had nowdissolved their ties with the USASecession Exploded from Library of CongressPrints and Photographs.
9 10. Why did President Buchanan feel that Southern states had no right to secede? Buchanan said the federal government, not states governments, was sovereign
10 Efforts to Compromise Fail Some want compromiseJohn J. Crittenden proposed a compromise to extend the Missouri Compromise Line to the Pacific OceanNever passed Congress (11)Lincoln took oath of office on March 4,1861Told South he had no intention of abolishing slaveryLincoln did not press the South