Presentation on theme: "Accounting for Notes and Interest. 2 12. Promissory Notes Promissory note – a written and signed promise to pay a sum of money at a specific time Creditor."— Presentation transcript:
2 12. Promissory Notes Promissory note – a written and signed promise to pay a sum of money at a specific time Creditor – a person or organization to whom a liability is owed Notes payable – promissory notes signed by a business and given to a creditor *Notes have an advantage over oral promises and accounts receivable or payable – can be useful in a court of law as written evidence of a debt
3LESSON 20-1 USES OF PROMISSORY NOTES page 589 1. 1.Number 8. 8.Maker 7. 7.Maturity date 6. 6.Interest rate 5. 5.Principle 3. 3.Payee 2. 2.Date of a note 4. 4.Time of a note
4 Promissory Notes Interest – an amount paid for the use of money for a period of time Maturity value– the amount that is due on the maturity date of a note *Sometimes partial payments on a note are made each month (car payment) *Each monthly payment includes part of the principal amount owed and part of the interest *When calculating notes, use 360 days in a year
5LESSON 20-1 Interest for One Year = Time in Years × Interest Rate ×Principal INTEREST ON PROMISSORY NOTES page 590 Interest for One Year $1,200.00=1×6%×$20,000.00 Interest for Fraction of Year = Time as Fraction of Year × Interest Rate ×Principal Interest for Fraction of Year $300.00=×6%×$20,000.00 90 360
6LESSON 20-1 Maturity Value =Interest+Principal INTEREST ON PROMISSORY NOTES page 590 Maturity Value $20,300.00=$300.00+$20,000.00
7LESSON 20-1 MATURITY DATE OF PROMISSORY NOTES page 591 May 18, 90-Day Note May18–May 3113 days June30 days July31 days August 1–August 1616 days Total90 days 3 4 1 2 1.Subtract the date of the note from the number of days in the first month. 2.Add 30 days for June. 3.Add 31 days for July. 4.Add only 16 days in August.
8 13. Notes Payable and Notes Receivable Current liabilities – liabilities due within a short time (usually a year) *A receipt is prepared as the source document for the principal amount of the note (Accounting concept: Objective Evidence)
9LESSON 20-2 SIGNING A NOTE PAYABLE 1 2345 page 593 May 18. Signed a 90-day, 6% note, $20,000.00. Receipt No. 345. 1.Write the date. 2.Write the account title. 3.Write the receipt number. 4.Write the principle amount in the General Credit column. 5.Write the same amount in the Cash Debit column.
10 13. Notes Payable and Notes Receivable Interest expense – interest accrued on money borrowed
11LESSON 20-2 PAYING PRINCIPLE AND INTEREST ON A NOTE PAYABLE 1 2 34 56 page 594 August 16. Paid cash for the maturity value of the May 18 note: principal, $20,000.00, plus interest, $300.00; total, $20,300.00. Check No. 721. 7 1.Write the date.6.Write the interest expense amount. 2.Write the account title. 7.Write the amount of cash paid. 3.Write the check number. 4.Write the note’s principal amount. 5.Write the account title.
12 13. Notes Payable and Notes Receivable *A business may ask for an extension of time if it is unable to pay an account when due. The vendor may ask the business to sign a note payable Ex: An accounts payable needs an extension, transferred to a note payable
13LESSON 20-2 SIGNING A NOTE PAYABLE FOR AN EXTENSION OF TIME 1 2 page 595 June 5. Restaurant Supply signed a 90-day, 12% note to Hayport Company for an extension of time on its account payable, $4,000.00. Memorandum No. 66. 2. Credit to Notes Payable 1. Debit to Accounts Payable
14LESSON 20-2 PAYING A NOTE PAYABLE ISSUED FOR AN EXTENSION OF TIME page 596 September 3. Paid cash for the maturity value of the note payable to Hayport Company: principal, $4,000.00, plus interest, $120.00; total, $4,120.00. Check No. 722.
15 13. Notes Payable and Notes Receivable Notes receivable – promissory notes that a business accepts from customers *Usually paid within a year, thus classified as current assets Interest income – interest earned on money loaned *Classified as “Other Revenue” Interest Income
16LESSON 20-3 ACCEPTING A NOTE RECEIVABLE FROM A CUSTOMER 1 2 page 598 April 14. Accepted a 90-day, 8% note from Martin Sterling for an extension of time on his account, $3,000.00. Note Receivable No. 9. 1.Debit to Notes Receivable 2.Credit to Accounts Receivable
17LESSON 20-3 COLLECTING PRINCIPAL AND INTEREST ON A NOTE RECEIVABLE 1 234 56 page 599 July 13. Received cash for the maturity value of Note Receivable No. 9, a 90-day, 8% note: principal, $3,000.00, plus interest, $60.00; total, $3,060.00. Receipt No. 562. 7 1.Write the date. 2.Write the account title. 5.On the next line, write the account title. 3.Write the receipt number. 6.Calculate and write the interest income amount. 4.Write the principal amount. 7.Write the maturity value.
18 13. Notes Payable and Notes Receivable Dishonored note – a note that is not paid when due *Transferred back to accounts receivable, interest income earned even though the note has not been paid *Company does not initially write off an account, they will continue to try and collect the balance *Later, the company may decide to write off the account and use some of the allowance for uncollectible accounts balance
19LESSON 20-3 RECORDING A DISHONORED NOTE RECEIVABLE 1 2 3 page 600 May 6. Jill Davis dishonored Note Receivable No. 12, a 90-day, 8% note, maturity value due today: principal, $600.00; interest, $12.00; total, $612.00. Memorandum No. 92. 1.Debit to Accounts Receivable 2.Credit to Notes Receivable 3.Credit to Interest Income