Presentation on theme: "The Marketing Survey How to construct a survey"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Marketing Survey How to construct a survey What You'll LearnHow to construct a surveyThe ways that technology is used in marketing research
2 The Marketing SurveyWhy It's ImportantBusinesses need valid and reliable data to make good decisions. Marketing researchers need to know how to construct survey instruments that provide the necessary information to assist in the decision-making process.
4 The Marketing Survey Constructing the Questionnaire Questionnaires should provide data that have validity. Validity exists when the questions asked measure what was intended to be measured.Research questionnaires should also have reliability. Reliability exists when a research technique produces nearly identical results in repeated trials.To be valid and reliable, a questionnaire must be properly written, formatted, and administered.
5 The Marketing Survey Design is important for useful data Constructing the QuestionnaireDesign is important for useful dataHow will you analyze the data?Qualitative?Quantitative?This will affect the types of question you useOpen - respondents can give their opinions, feelings etc.in their own words.Structured - range of responses is restricted; it forces therespondent to make a choice (making it easier to tabulate results)
6 The Marketing Survey Writing Questions Survey questions can be either open ended or (structured) forced choice.Open-ended questions ask respondents to construct their own response to a question.Example: "How can we serve you better?"Forced-choice questions (structured) ask respondents to choose answers from set possibilities. Forced-choice questions are the simplest to write and easiest to tabulate.
7 List Category Quantity Ranking Grid Scale The Marketing Survey Types of structured questionListCategoryQuantityRankingGridScale
8 SECTION 33.2The Marketing SurveyTypes of structured questionList Which of the following did you eat at your last meal? Check all that apply:Cooked vegetablesSaladBoiled or mashed potatoesRoast potatoesChipsFresh fruit
9 The Marketing Survey Category Please indicate your age? Types of structured questionCategory Please indicate your age?Less than 1825 3445- aboveNote: Questions of age are considered by some as embarrassing and best asked as a category rather than the direct question “What is your age?”
10 The Marketing Survey Quantity & Ranking Quantity: How many times did you eat chips last week? Please circle one.Not at All Once Twice 3-4 timesRanking: Place the following in the order of importance, number 1 being the most important____ A well stocked library____ Well equipped laboratories____ Up to date computing facilities
11 Neither agree nor disagree The Marketing SurveyStrongly agreeAgreeNeither agree nor disagreeDisagreeStrongly disagreeThe laboratory classes in this module were well organizedThere were sufficient tutorials/seminars in this moduleThe lectures in this module were clearly presentedScale/Grid:
12 The Marketing Survey Yes/No Questions Two-choice questions give the respondent only two options, usually yes or no. Yes/No questions should be used only when asking for a response on one issue. Yes/No questions are often used as filter questions. Filter questions help to guide respondents to answer only those questions that apply.Do you frequently attend sporting events?Yes NoIf yes, please answer questions a - e below.
13 The Marketing Survey Multiple Choice Questions Multiple choice questions give the respondent several choices. When constructing multiple choice questions, it is important that the options are made comprehensive enough to include every possible response. Examples might include list, category or quantity questions.Level of Agreement QuestionsWhen assessing attitudes or opinions, it is often a good idea to write statements that reflect those attitudes or opinions. Then you can ask respondents for their level of agreement with the statements. Examples might include ranking or scale/grid questions.
14 The Marketing SurveyBasic Guidelinesfor Writing QuestionsWhen writing the specific questions you should follow some basic guidelines:Formulate a hypothesis. How does this question contribute to the objective of the research?Consider how you will analyze the data Qualitative or quantitative?Each question should be written clearly and as briefly as possible.Use the same ranking or rating scales for all similar questions.Do not ask leading questions, which suggest a correct answer.Avoid asking offensive or embarrassing questions.
15 The Marketing Survey Formatting Questionnaires must have excellent visual appearance and design.Use dark ink (usually black) on light paper and type that is easy to read.Use shaded sections for contrast and arrows to lead the reader through the questionnaire.Slide 1 of 2
16 The Marketing Survey Formatting Place section headings or numbers on survey sections, and number all questions.Include clear directions.Include demographic questions at the end of the survey. People will be less likely to answer them at the beginning.Slide 2 of 2
17 The Marketing Survey Administering the Survey Surveys can be distributed in person, left at location with a collection box, via Internet or mail.All surveys should have deadlines for completion.Surveys should include a brief explanation of the survey’s purpose, either presented before the survey or in a cover letter (with a mailed questionnaire). Mention that your survey is for educational purposes and is conducted by Tri Valley ROP Business Ownership Students from Foothill High School.
18 The Marketing SurveyThe Impact of the Computer Technologies on Marketing ResearchComputer technologies have had a tremendous impact on marketing research. Software programs allow researchers to analyze huge amounts of information. They also allow researchers to find secondary data in computer databases, prepare surveys, and generate lists of potential questionnaire respondents.Slide 1 of 2
19 The Marketing SurveyThe Impact of the Computer Technologies on Marketing ResearchComputerized databases are a source of data collection.Software programs assist with forecasting, analyzing market data to predict future sales.Research can be conducted through online surveys and focus group chat sessions on the Internet.Automated dialers place calls automatically, and digital surveys can be conducted by a prerecorded voice.Slide 2 of 2
20 Reviewing Key Terms and Concepts ASSESSMENTReviewing Key Terms and Concepts1. Why should surveys provide data that have validity?2. What are three steps that must be taken to construct a valid and reliable questionnaire?3. Give an example of:a) an open ended question?b) a filter question?c) multiple choice question?d) level of agreement question?4. What are some methods of administering a questionnaire?5. Name three research activities that computers can help researchers perform.