Presentation on theme: "1 ATSOCAS AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES OUTSIDE CONTROLLED AIRSPACE Commences 12 th March 2009 Presentation derived from CAP 774, delivered to Cumbria based pilots."— Presentation transcript:
2 PRESENTED BY PRESENTED BY K PACKER, MANAGER AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES STOBART AIR CARLISLE AIRPORT
3 What is changing? What is changing? Flight Information Service becomesBasic Service Radar Information Service becomesTraffic Service Radar Advisory Service becomesDeconfliction Service Approach Control Service becomesProcedural Service
4 What is not changing? Alerting Service Service within the ATZ Friendly service from Carlisle Tower
5 Why change? Prior to the ATSOCAS Review being initiated, AAIB and UKAB reports increasingly indicated either errors or a lack of understanding by both pilots and controllers. Feedback from CAA Safety Evenings highlighted frequent variances in service standards and provisions. There were differences between Military and Civil ATC provision of Radar Information Service (RIS) and Radar Advisory Service (RAS). For the first time military controllers will be working from a Civil Aviation Publication.
6 Why change? Some aspects of civil co-ordination phraseology has been harmonised with military phrases. Military controllers will soon be working from a joint civil /military phrase book. The contents of the packages had to be changed, You can not keep the same name if the rules have changed. ICAO use the name FIS for the whole range of services, so the UK could not use it for only one aspect!
7 Some of the key changes More tightly defined conditions for passing traffic information under Basic Service; Change from 'separation' to 'deconfliction' - more than just a name change, a change in culture and attitude - 'best endeavours' rather than 'must always achieve a separation'; Procedural Service brought into line with rest of ATSOCAS suite of services regarding deconfliction of aircraft, flight conditions, etc.; - Detailed information and guidance on duty of care; Defined RTF for provision of ATSOCAS.
8 Basic Service Flight Rules and Meteorological Conditions IFR or VFR any meteorological conditions. IdentificationNot required Traffic InformationNone – outside an Aerodrome Traffic Zone (ATZ),
9 Basic Service Deconfliction – Pilots responsibility Terrain - Pilots responsibility Headingsnone, unless the pilot has entered into an agreement Levelsnone, unless the pilot has entered into an agreement
10 How will this be done at Carlisle (1) After departure ATC will request your operation area and level. After departure, if relevant general information will be given i.e. PA38 near Gt Orton, last reported at 1500 ft. If a controller considers that aircraft will be in close proximity, information may be issued to the pilot. The other aircraft requested to update their level and position information. The pilots are wholly responsible for collision avoidance. A request may still be made to report turning over a location to aid spatial awareness of other pilots.
11 How will this be done at Carlisle (2) We will expect you to update ATC with your position and level if you hear someone is likely to get close to you. We also provide an Alerting service, no change there. If we dont get a report that we are expecting, we will take action. We obviously respond to your Pan or Mayday. With regard to flight within the ATZ, specific and, where appropriate, updated traffic information will be provided to aircraft operating in an ATZ. However students will not be spoon fed information on joining or leaving traffic as this will prevent them from developing a spatial awareness technique
12 Procedural Service Procedural Service Flight Rules/Meteorological Conditions IFR or VFR, VMC or IMC Identification - No Aircraft do not need to be identified in order for a Procedural Service to be provided.
13 Procedural Service Procedural Service Traffic Information If it is considered that a confliction may exist, on aircraft being provided with a Basic Service. The pilot is wholly responsible for collision avoidance.
14 Procedural Service Procedural Service Deconfliction A controller shall provide deconfliction instructions by allocating Levels, Radials, Tracks, Time restrictions, Deconfliction from other Procedural aircraft Deconfliction advice cannot be provided against unknown aircraft
15 Procedural Service Procedural Service Terrain Terrain clearance would be achieved: when following notified instrument approach procedures. when climbing to the ATC units terrain safe level However, if a pilot wishes to operate below ATC unit terrain safe levels, controllers shall advise the pilot of the terrain safe level and remind him of his terrain responsibilities. Pilot remains wholly responsible for terrain clearance at all times.
16 Procedural Service Procedural Service Lateral, Longitudinal and Time Restrictions Unless safety is likely to be compromised, a pilot shall not change radial, track, or time Levels Controllers will normally provide level allocations for positioning, sequencing, navigational assistance, or to achieve deconfliction minima.
17 Procedural Service Procedural Service What will this mean at Carlisle Service principally aimed at : IFR departures, NDB approaches, Flights in IMC Remember – NDB approach – there may be unknown traffic
18 Phraseology If a pilot fails to request a service, the controller should normally ask the pilot to specify the service they require, apart from As we do not have radar we will routinely apply a Procedural Service to aircraft carrying out IFR holding, approach and/or departure procedures;
19 Phraseology Generic Traffic Information When providing a Basic Service, the controller may provide traffic information in general terms to assist with the pilots situational awareness
20 Basic Phraseology GRNCH, gliding activity over Skelling Farm. GBJNN, multiple aircraft known to be operating 2 miles North of Anthorn. GOECM, PA28 estimating DCS at time 25, altitude 2000 feet. GCDRP, Hawk reported routing from Longtown to the south below altitude 500 feet. GJLIN, helicopter conducting power line inspection between Carlisle and Wigtown below altitude 500 feet.
21 Phraseology - Traffic Service – Descent Below ATC Unit Terrain Safe Levels Pilot: (Aircraft identity), request descent to altitude 1000 feet. ATC: (Aircraft identity), taking your own terrain clearance, descent approved. Pilot: My own terrain clearance, descent approved, (aircraft identity).
22 Traffic Service A Traffic Service shall only be provided by a controller with access to an ATS surveillance system i.e. Radar
23 Traffic Service Flight Rules and Meteorological Conditions IFR or VFR and in VMC or IMC Pilots should be aware that a Traffic Service might not be appropriate for flight in IMC when other services are available. Identification The controller shall identify the aircraft, inform the pilot that he is identified, and maintain identity.
24 Traffic Service Traffic Information The controller shall pass traffic information on relevant traffic, and shall update the traffic information if it continues to constitute a definite hazard, Deconfliction Pilot is expected to discharge his collision avoidance responsibility without assistance from the controller.
25 Traffic Service Terrain Traffic Service may be provided below ATC unit terrain safe levels; however, pilots remain responsible for terrain clearance at all times. Headings A pilot may operate under his own navigation or a controller may provide headings for the purpose of positioning, sequencing or as navigational assistance.
26 Traffic Service Levels Pilots may select their own operating levels or may be provided with level allocations by the controller for the positioning and/or sequencing of traffic or for navigational assistance.
27 DECONFLICTION Only be provided by a controller with access to an ATS surveillance system. IFR or VFR and in VMC or IMC A pilot who is not suitably qualified to fly in IMC shall not request a Deconfliction Service unless compliance permits the flight to be continued in VMC. Identification The controller shall identify the aircraft, inform the pilot that he is identified
28 DECONFLICTION Traffic Information The controller may, subject to workload, pass traffic information on deconflicted traffic in order to improve the pilots situational awareness. Deconfliction A controller shall provide traffic information, accompanied with a heading and/or level aimed at achieving a planned deconfliction minima.
29 DECONFLICTION Terrain A Deconfliction Service shall only be provided to aircraft operating at or above the ATC units terrain safe level, Unless when climbing to the ATC units terrain safe level, or when following notified instrument approach procedures.
30 DECONFLICTION Headings A pilot may operate under his own navigation or a controller may provide headings for the purpose of positioning, sequencing, navigational assistance, or to achieve deconfliction minima. Levels Controllers will normally provide level allocations for positioning, sequencing,navigational assistance, or to achieve deconfliction minima.
31 Basic Summary Rules & Weather IFR or VFR – IMC or VMC IdentificationNot required Traffic InformationNone – outside an Aerodrome Traffic Zone Deconfliction – Pilots responsibility Terrain - Pilots responsibility Headingsnone, unless the pilot has entered into an agreement Levelsnone, unless the pilot has entered into an agreement
32 Procedural Summary Procedural Summary Rules/ WeatherIFR or VFR, VMC or IMC Identification - No Traffic InformationOn a Basic Service aircraft. Pilot responsible for collision avoidance. DeconflictionA controller shall provide deconfliction from other procedural aircraft Deconfliction advice cannot be provided against unknown aircraft. TerrainAbove the ATC units terrain safe level or instrument procedure Track and Time Pilot shall not change radial, track, or time LevelsATC allocate levels
33 Traffic Summary Radar Rules and WeatherIFR or VFR and in VMC or IMC IdentificationAircraft identified Traffic InformationTraffic information on relevant traffic, DeconflictionPilot responsible for collision avoidance TerrainMay be provided below ATC unit terrain safe levels; Pilots remain responsible for terrain clearance at all times. HeadingsA pilot may operate under his own navigation heading Allocated only at or above an ATC units terrain safe level. LevelsPilots may select their own operating levels
34 Deconfliction Summary Provision - Radar Rules and weather - IFR or VFR and VMC or IMC Identification - Yes Traffic Information - On deconflicted traffic for pilots situational awareness. Deconfliction –5NM laterally or 3000 ft vertically against un-coordinated traffic 3NM laterally or 1000 ft /500 ft vertically against known traffic Terrain - Only operating at or above the ATC units terrain safe level, Headings - Own navigation or ATC provide for positioning, sequencing, navigational assistance, or to achieve deconfliction minima. Levels - ATC for positioning, sequencing, navigational assistance, or to achieve deconfliction minima.
35 Thats all folks Further information AS.aspwww.airspacesafety.com/content/ATSOC AS.asp Google CAP 774 Carlisle ATC