Presentation on theme: "Persuading through Rhetoric: Ethos, Pathos,Logos"— Presentation transcript:
1 Persuading through Rhetoric: Ethos, Pathos,Logos
2 What is Rhetoric?Rhetoric (n) -the art of speaking or writing effectively as a means of communication or persuasion.According to Aristotle, rhetoric is "the ability, in each particular case, to see the available means of persuasion." He described three main forms of rhetoric: Ethos, Logos, and Pathos.In order to be a more effective writer, you must understand these three terms. You will better understand their meanings which will make your writing more persuasive.
4 ETHOS, PATHOS, and LOGOS Ethos: Is it Ethical? Pathos: Does it make you feel a strong emotion?Logos: Does it make you use your sense of reason?
5 EthosEthos: EthicsTo make the audience decide right or wrong about what is being presented to itPolitical issues, national beliefs, religious issues, etc…Typically has contrasting colors symbolizing the difference between good and evil.
6 Ethos can also refer to credibility. Ethos (Credibility)Ethos can also refer to credibility.Ethos: the source's credibility, the speaker's/author's authorityWe tend to believe people whom we respect. One of the central problems of argumentation is to project an impression to the reader that you are someone worth listening to, in other words making yourself as author into an authority on the subject of the paper, as well as someone who is likable and worthy of respect.
7 Ethos Example: Product: George Foreman and his Grilling Machine Repertoire: Boxing Champ and a PreacherWhy is George Foreman credible?
8 Pathos Pathos: Emotion To make the audience feel something about what is presented to itChildren, animals, illness, memories, etc…“Tugs at your heart strings”
9 Pathos Example:How does this advertisement appeal to emotion? Why?
10 LogosLogos: LogicTo make the audience think about what is presented to itStatistics, facts, authorities, etc…Very straightforward, and not “fluff”. It has a very scientific, factual approach.
11 Logos ExampleFew of our children breath fresh air in their schools, which are being sprayed, inside and out, with millions of pounds of deadly, nervous system destroying pesticides.What are the details provided in this claim?
12 Can some advertisements have more than one appeal? Yes! The more appeals used in an ad the more likely the consumer is to connect with it.For the case of this lesson, pick the MOST emphasized appeal used in each ad to write onto your sheet.
13 Objective:As you view each advertisement that comes up on the screen, decide if it’s appealing to your sense of ethos, pathos, or logos.
27 The End!Your homework is to bring in to class a print advertisement (school appropriate…when in doubt don’t do it).
28 Ad Analysis Leave your ad on your desk. You and one other person will analyze 10 ads.Complete the following for each:The # & Name of “product” being advertisedA: Intended AudienceB: Spokesperson (if there is one)C: Purpose of advertisementD: Type of persuasive appeals-briefly explain
29 FOR EXAMPLE: Ad Analysis #1: Michelin TiresLittle BabyDon’t skimp on the important stuff, we need good tires our families depend on it.Pathos (little babies are cute and we want them to live)