# Multiply and Divide Decimals

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Multiply and Divide Decimals
Chapter 6

Lesson 1 – Estimate Products of Whole Numbers and Decimals
Round to the ones place. Example: Estimate x 5 15.8 → 16 x 5 → x 5 80

Lesson 3 – Multiply Decimals by Whole Numbers
When multiplying a decimal by a whole number, place the decimal point in your answer directly below where it is in the problem. Examples – 1.) 2 × ) 12 × × × 0.7

Lesson 5 – Multiply Decimals
When multiplying a decimal by a decimal, move the decimal points all the way to the right to make it a whole number. In your answer, move the decimal point the same number of places to the left. decimal places x x decimal place decimal places = – move decimal point 3 places to the left. *If there are no more numbers on the left, you must add zeros.

Lesson 8 – Multiplication Properties
Commutative Property of Multiplication The order in which the factors are multiplied does not change the product. Ex. – 5 x 4 = 4 x 5 Associative Property of Multiplication The way in which the numbers are grouped does not change the product. Ex. – (7 x 3) x 9 = 7 x (3 x 9) Identity Property of Multiplication The product of any number and 1 equals the number. Ex x 1 = 12

Lesson 9 – Estimate Quotients
Use compatible numbers to divide. Remember, the numbers must go in evenly – no remainders! Example: \$17.50 ÷ 7 → \$ 18 ÷ 7 *Does not go in evenly – pick different numbers \$21 ÷ 7 = \$ or ÷ 7 = 2

Lesson 11 – Divide Decimals by Whole Numbers
You DO NOT need to use models. The steps are simple. Write the decimal point in your answer DIRECTLY ABOVE where it is in the problem. __.__ 3) 4.2 Divide as you would divide a whole number. _1.4__ -3 ↓ 12 -12

Lesson 13 – Divide Decimals
Move the decimal point in the divisor to make it a whole number. Move the decimal point in the dividend the same number of places. Place the decimal point and divide. _____ ______ o.05) → o05.) 420.5 ↑ 2 places ↑ _ to the right 5) 420.5 -40↓ 20 -20↓ 05 - 05