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Modern Immigration. 3 Legal Actions Visas Green Cards Citizenship.

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Presentation on theme: "Modern Immigration. 3 Legal Actions Visas Green Cards Citizenship."— Presentation transcript:

1 Modern Immigration

2 3 Legal Actions Visas Green Cards Citizenship

3 Visas Visitor Visa Student/Exchange Visas Marriage (foreign fiancé) Adoption of foreign child Foreign citizens who want to live permanently in the U.S. – First step to becoming a “lawful permanent resident” To be eligible – foreign individual must be sponsored by a U.S. citizen relative, future employer, or U.S. permanent resident.

4 Visas Only a certain number of visas are allowed each year, depending on country. Too many applicants? – Wait listed

5 Visa Process Petition – U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services approves or denies immigrant petitions Approved Petitions – National Visa Center processes personal documents and sends them to U.S. embassies & consulates Documents are submitted to the National Visa Center Interview – Applicant is interviewed at U.S. embassy or consulate. They issue U.S. visas to those eligible.

6 Green Cards Green Cards are permits that allow a foreign citizen to live/work permanently in the U.S. Can be received because of family, job, or refugee status

7 Green Card Process Determination of eligibility Adjustment of Status (if already in the U.S.) Consular Processing (outside of U.S.) Petition Filing Employment Authorization Immigrant Medical Examination Affidavit of Support – ensures individual can support themselves and will not need welfare

8 Citizenship Naturalization – U.S. citizenship is granted to a foreign citizen after he/she fulfills the requirements of the Immigration and Nationality Act.

9 Process Permanent resident of the U.S. for at least 5 years. Permanent resident of the U.S. for at least 3 years and are married to a U.S. citizen File naturalization form, and pass the citizenship test

10 Citizen Test Speaking Test – ability to speak English will be determined Reading Test – must read aloud one out of three sentences correctly to demonstrate an ability to read English Writing Test – must write out one of three sentences correctly to demonstrate ability to write in English Civics Test – will be asked up to 10 of 100 questions, must answer 6 correctly Individuals have 2 opportunities to pass each test

11 Citizenship Test American Government – What is the supreme law of the land? – What does the Constitution do? – The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words? – How many amendments does the Constitution have? – What are two Cabinet-level positions? – What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now? – What happened at the Constitutional Convention? – What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for? – What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803? – What did Susan B. Anthony do?

12 Diversity Visa Program Same-sex couples are offered the same immigration benefits as opposite-sex couples

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