Presentation on theme: "Use of Border Data Collection to Measure International Migration Flows in Sri Lanka H.R.GunasekeraDirector Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka."— Presentation transcript:
Use of Border Data Collection to Measure International Migration Flows in Sri Lanka H.R.GunasekeraDirector Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka
Border Data Collection Border control is the major responsibility of the Department of Immigration and Emigration (DIE). DIE controls and regulates the entry and departure of Sri Lankans and foreigners. Border control system is fully computerized. Every passport is scanned at the point of arrival/ departure and convert the information into the data base.
Border Data Collection contd., Items converted to data base. Flight numberFlight number Passport numberPassport number NameName NationalityNationality SexSex Completeness and accuracy is extremely high.
Tabulations Available Only the following tabulations can be produced. Arrivals by nationality and sexArrivals by nationality and sex Departures by nationality and sexDepartures by nationality and sex Tabulations are transmitted to Department of Census and Statistics (DCS). Published in Annual Statistical Abstract and website of DCS www.statistics.gov.lk www.statistics.gov.lk
Limitations of Border Statistics Confined only to arrivals, departures by nationality and sex. International migrants are not identified among the travellers. Valuable information is collected in embarkation/ disembarkation cards. Can be made to improve border statistics.
Embarkation/Disembarkation Cards Every foreigner or a citizen who enter into or exit from Sri Lanka needs to complete embarkation or disembarkation card. Embarkation/Disembarkation cards contain Flight numberFlight number NameName SexSex NationalityNationality Date of birthDate of birth Place of birthPlace of birth ProfessionProfession Passport number, date of issue and place of issuePassport number, date of issue and place of issue Visa number, date and place (disembarkation only)Visa number, date and place (disembarkation only) Address in Sri LankaAddress in Sri Lanka Address abroad (home address)Address abroad (home address)
Embarkation/Disembarkation Cards contd., Purpose of visitPurpose of visit Holiday/Pleasure Media coverage Employment Seminar/Conference/Exhibition Education In Transit Visit Friends/Relatives Official/Business Religion/Cultural Return to Sri Lanka (disembarkation only) Other (specify)…. Port of final destination (port of final embarkation)Port of final destination (port of final embarkation) This document is not computerized yet.
Identification of international migrants in conformity with UN definitions. Purpose of visit is very valuable to identify the outflows by education, employment etc. ; useful for policy planning Need to computerize the cards (scan). check for completenesscheck for completeness additional supervisionadditional supervision time constraintstime constraints Need to record district of residence for Sir Lankans in cards to identify net migration by districts; absence is a drawback in estimating the annual mid year population. Improving Border Statistics
Suggested Additional Tabulations Arrivals by nationality, purpose of travel and sex. Departures of Sri Lankans by country, purpose of travel and sex. Arrivals of Sri Lankans by district of residence and sex. Departure of Sri Lankans by district of residence and sex.
Complementary Source: Sri Lanka Bureau of Foreign Employment (SLBFE). Functions regulation, promotion of foreign employmentregulation, promotion of foreign employment protection, welfare of Sri Lankan employed abroad.protection, welfare of Sri Lankan employed abroad. Every Sri Lankan leaving for employment abroad should register with SLBFE. Maintain a data base DepartureDeparture Private remittancesPrivate remittances Complaints received on labour contractsComplaints received on labour contracts Welfare measures taken for their childrenWelfare measures taken for their children Insurance compensation paymentsInsurance compensation payments Job vacanciesJob vacancies
Complementary Source: Sri Lanka Bureau of Foreign Employment (SLBFE) contd. Outflows available Outflows Published in Annual Statistical Handbook on Foreign Employment and web www.slbfe.lk www.slbfe.lk Limitations all are not registered.all are not registered. departures reflect the number registered and not actual values.departures reflect the number registered and not actual values. Improvements match PPNo. of those registered in SLBFE with PPNo. of departures collected by DIE.match PPNo. of those registered in SLBFE with PPNo. of departures collected by DIE. matching is error prone; hence need rigid controls, scan passports at SLBFE.matching is error prone; hence need rigid controls, scan passports at SLBFE.
Complementary Source: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Collects data on repatriation, Sri Lanka refugees abroad and refugees and asylum seekers in Sri Lanka. Every refugee seeking asylum in Sri Lanka needs to be registered; hence such data are complete and accurate. Available information Available information Available information Data published in UNHCR’s web-site www.unhcr.lk on monthly basis (latest May 2006). www.unhcr.lk Improvements Provide totals only; need at least age, sex breakdowns.Provide totals only; need at least age, sex breakdowns. Sri Lankan refugees by country should be published.Sri Lankan refugees by country should be published. Computation of recognition rates.Computation of recognition rates.