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For Administrators. This course introduces potential faculty and/or administrators to online education fundamentals and is a prerequisite to both the.

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Presentation on theme: "For Administrators. This course introduces potential faculty and/or administrators to online education fundamentals and is a prerequisite to both the."— Presentation transcript:

1 For Administrators

2 This course introduces potential faculty and/or administrators to online education fundamentals and is a prerequisite to both the Online Teaching Certificate and the Blended Teaching Certificate programs. Not only will you discuss the concepts but you will use the technologies to gain practical "hands-on" experience.

3 Objective: Compare face-to-face and online teaching, including expectations, role adjustments, and course design

4 ◦ Participation: Learners and instructors will take an active role in creating dialog and peer interaction ◦ Instruction: Innovative, engaging, and flexible, but based on outcomes ◦ Presence: The perception that others are present; environment and activities are designed to promote presence ◦ Guidelines: Clear assignment instructions, rubrics, detailed syllabus, learner contracts/agreements

5  Instructors  Online activities: communication (discussions, email, chat); evaluation (grading); technical support; changes and maintenance (“hot fixes”)  Providing learners with resources choose from or guidance for finding their own (Mandernach et al., 2009)  Facilitating vs. teaching; willing to put learners in control (ION, 2013)  Learners  More autonomous  Must share in knowledge management and creation  Critical literacy skills: information, technology, thinking

6  What are your expectations for your role as an online instructor? How do you think your role will differ from the face-to-face environment?

7  Start with goals and objectives; choose assessments, activities, and strategies that best support the learning outcomes (ION, 2013)  Courses: Modular, interactive, engaging; accommodates various learning styles through selection of readings, assignments, and assessments  Discussions: "Planned, meaningful, prepared" (Mandernach et al., 2009); support for higher order activities that are reflective and research- based  Syllabus design: Narrative versus modular (to support cognitive load management online, use of mobile devices)

8 Objective: Apply the principles of effective participation through chat and discussion.

9  "Heart" of online learning; should encourage critical thinking (ION, 2013; Mandernach et al., 2009)  "Presence“: The perception that others are present in the interaction (Short, Williams, & Christy, 1976); quality participation decreases isolation, anonymity, and polarization (Mandernach et al., 2009)  “[D]iscussion questions should not be discrete questions that have a definite answer, rely solely on opinion, or require minimal insight and investigation" (Mandernach et al., 2009)

10  Three types of communication essential to the online classroom: course content related; planning; social support (Hrastinski, 2008)  Environment: Open to all; established rules ("netiquette"); guidelines for participation (operationalization) (Min, 2007)  Build presence through introductions, ice breakers  Allow space/time for informal dialogue not related to the course (Dailey-Hebert, Mandernach, & Donnelli- Sallee, 2006)  Techniques: Affinity groups, guest speakers, role playing, debate/mock trials, media, case studies, simulations (Mandernach et al., 2009)

11  Understanding of asynchronous facilitation techniques is essential!  Taking an active role in the discussion (versus monitoring) influences the value and effectiveness of online discussion (Mandernach et al., 2009)  Participate regularly and visibly; remain non- judgmental  Focus on helping learners increase and deepen understanding

12  Face-to-face discussions can be spontaneous and dynamic. How can you encourage a similar quality of interaction in the online environment?

13 Objective: Use synchronous and asynchronous technologies

14  While research does not support the use of one mode over the other, each has its advantages ◦ Synchronous: immediacy, real-time collaboration, large group interaction, presence ◦ Asynchronous: Flexibility, time management, reflection, information processing; tools are probably more widely used

15  Synchronous: Chat rooms, instant messaging, video chat, Skype, Communicator, web conferencing, immersive environments, Multi-user Domains (MUDs) or Multi-user Object Oriented Environments (MOOs) (ION, 2013), conference calling, collaborative document editing such as Google Drive  Asynchronous: Listservs, RSS feeds, email, discussion boards, document sharing (, DropBox, Google Drive), blogs, wikis, portfolios  Helpful Resource: Faculty Focus. (n.d.). Synchronous and asynchronous learning tools: 15 Strategies for engaging online students using real-time chat, threaded discussions and blogs. Retrieved from asynchronous-learning-tools-strategies-for-engaging-online- students/ asynchronous-learning-tools-strategies-for-engaging-online- students/

16  Synchronous: Have an agenda, chunk the presentation, stay on topic, manage emotions, provide summaries  Asynchronous: Organize the environment, use the features of the environment, provide summaries, monitor and guide From the University of Wisconsin-Madison. (2011b). Best practices for the asynchronous and synchronous classroom. Retrieved from practices-asynch-synch-classroom practices-asynch-synch-classroom

17 Objective: Prepare for managing online classes, workload, and resources

18  Allow additional time to plan, prepare, grade, and communicate  Some indication that online design and development is more time-intensive than face- to-face, but delivery may require less effort (Andersen & Avery, 2008)  According to Andersen and Avery (2008), instructors in online courses spend the greatest amount of time interacting with students. They also spent significantly more time evaluating work than their face-to-face counterparts.

19  Use variety in selecting activities; appeal to a wide range of learners; give choice (Dailey- Hebert, Mandernach, & Donnelli-Sallee, 2006)  Choose activities that promote critical thinking  Promote active, connected learning  Use techniques that gain attention and provide motivation

20  Technical support: Just-in-time/self help; peer support (lead faculty); help desk  Promote tools and techniques for time management and organization  Prioritize prompt and substantive communication and feedback

21  What do you expect to be the biggest challenges for both instructors and learners in the online environment? What actions can you take to address those challenges?

22  Allen, I. E., & Seaman, J. (2010). Class differences: Online education in the United States, 2010. Retrieved from  Andersen, K., & Avery, M. (2008). Faculty teaching time: A comparison of web-based and face-to-face graduate nursing courses. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship, 5(1). Retrieved from  Dailey-Hebert, A., Mandernach, B., & Donnelli-Sallee, E. (2006). Best practices in the development and facilitation of online courses. Retrieved from  Hrastinski, S. (2008, November 4). Asynchronous & synchronous e-learning. EDUCAUSE Quarterly. Retrieved from  ION - Illinois Online Network. (2013). Instructional strategies for online courses. Retrieved from  Mandernach, B., Forrest, K., Babutzke, J., & Manker, L. (2009). The role of instructor interactivity in promoting critical thinking in online and face-to-face classrooms. MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 5(1). Retrieved from  Min, S. (2007). Online vs. face-to-face deliberation: Effects on civic engagement. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12(4). Retrieved from  Morris, L., Xu, H., & Finnegan, C. (2005). Roles of faculty in teaching asynchronous undergraduate courses. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 9(1). Retrieved from  Pennsylvania State University. (2013). Online instructor performance best practices and expectations. Retrieved from  Taylor, S. A. (2013). Getting started teaching online. Retrieved from  University of Wisconsin-Madison. (2011a). Asynchronous vs synchronous communication. Retrieved from  University of Wisconsin-Madison. (2011b). Best practices for the asynchronous and synchronous classroom. Retrieved from

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