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NJ Laws Governing Driver Licenses

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1 NJ Laws Governing Driver Licenses
A motorist who operates a motor vehicle in the State of New Jersey must carry: A valid driver license/permit Valid insurance Vehicle registration When pulled over by a police officer these are the 3 documents you will be asked to show. To register a vehicle, the state of NJ only requires proof of “liability” insurance. Banking institutions require financed vehicles to have “comprehensive” insurance (collision, fire, theft). Once you have a validated New Jersey driver permit must be accompanied by an appropriately licensed driver ***Supervising Driver Requirements*** Must have a valid NJ Driver’s License Must be at least 21 years of age Must have had 3 years driving experience A motorist who changes addresses must report this change to the MVC within one week after moving.

2 New Jersey Laws Governing Driver Licenses Cont…..
A motorist who legally changes their name (marriage, divorce, adoption) must report the change to the MVC within two weeks A motorist with a valid out-of-state license who moves to New Jersey must apply for a New Jersey license within 60 days All applicants for a New Jersey driver license or special learner’s permit who are under 18 years of age must present a completed consent form signed by a parent or guardian. GDL, special learner and examination permits are valid until all qualifications for a provisional license are met, or for two years, whichever occurs first.

3 These show up in a coded form within your driver’s license number
What’s On A License Altering a driver license: Possible Suspension of License Fine of up to $1,000 Up to six months imprisonment. Getting a driver license illegally Fine up to $500 Imprisonment of 30 to 90 days. Name Address Photo ID Driver License Number Date of Birth Gender Expiration / Issue Date Signature Height Eye Color Class of License State Restrictions These show up in a coded form within your driver’s license number Corrective Lenses Prosthetic Devices Mechanical Devices Hearing Impaired

4 6 Point ID Verification All applicants for a New Jersey driver license must provide a full name, current address, Social Security number, 6 Points of ID Verification and other documentation that verifies that his/her legal presence in the United States is authorized under federal law. Documents must be in English or have an approved translation Must be ORIGNAL Forms of documentation

5 6 Points ID Verification
Applicant’s “Primary” ID (4 points) Birth Certificate Passport Green Card Adoption Papers Applicants “Secondary” Documents Proof of address Social Security #

6 Graduated Driver License / GDL
Graduated Driver License (GDL) Program: Introduces driving privileges in phases with a period of supervised driving, and extends their practice driving time and requires a minimum age of 18 in order to receive an unrestricted, basic driver license. GDL restrictions placed upon first-time drivers must be strictly adhered to. Failure to do so may result in a fine of $100 or a possible suspension of a motorist’s driving privilege

7 Why does New Jersey require the GDL program?
GDL FAQ’s Why does New Jersey require the GDL program? Studies show that a young driver's risk of being involved in a car crash is highest within his/her first months of driving. An average of 6,000 teens die in car crashes nationally each year. By delaying full driving privileges so that teens can gain driving experience under low-risk conditions, comprehensive GDL programs can reduce these deaths and injuries by approximately 40%. The ultimate goal of the GDL program is to protect the lives of young drivers-and the lives of their passengers and others on the road.

8 GDL FAQ’s What happens if my teen driver commits a traffic offense and receives a ticket while he/she has a GDL license? GDL holders cannot "plea down" to "no point" offenses. If a GDL holder accumulates three or more penalty points, they have to complete a driver improvement program. If they fail to complete this program, or if they accumulate additional points, it will result in suspension and postponement of their eligibility to obtain a probationary (if in the permit phase) or basic license (if in the probationary phase). In addition, violations may incur legal fees and/or higher insurance rates. This can cost thousands of dollars. GDL holders must obey all traffic rules and regulations.

9 The Early Bird Road Step 1: Get a Special Learner Permit
Must be at least 16 years old Must have signed parent or guardian consent Must be enrolled in approved behind-the-wheel driver training driving school (6 hours) An approved instructor must purchase the permit Cost of the permit is $10 Must pass MVC’s Knowledge and Vision tests MVC will validate Special Learner Permits ONLY after training course completion Step 2: Practice with an Adult Supervising Driver Must observe special learner permit driving restrictions Must practice at least six months with approved supervising driver Step 3: Get a Probationary License Complete Six months of supervised driving without any suspensions or postponements Must pass MVC’s Road Test Must be at least 17 years old

10 The Early Bird Road Continued
Step 4: With a Probationary Driver License Unsupervised driving for at least One year Must observe probationary driver license restrictions***** Step 5: Get the Basic Driver License Must be at least 18 years old Valid for 4 years Must have completed one year of unsupervised driving with probationary driver license restrictions Must pay required fee***

11 Student Driver/Road Test
If a student driver commits a traffic offense, responsibility will be both student and instructor or student and “supervising” driver. Arrive at the road test with: Valid Student Permit Supervising Driver Valid Vehicle Registration Valid Insurance Card Valid Vehicle Inspection Sticker Red Decals on Vehicle

12 GDL Restrictions No driving between 11:01 p.m. and 5:00 a.m.
No using hand-held or hands-free cell phones or any other electronic devices. Permit holder must be accompanied in the front seat by an adult supervising driver who is at least 21 years of age and who possesses a valid New Jersey driver license and has a minimum of three years driving experience. Passengers are limited to any parent, guardian or dependant of the special permit holder and one additional passenger. Permit holder and ALL passengers must wear seat belts. Must display decals on license plates.

13 Basic Automobile License
“Class D” Expiration: 4 Years Minimum Age: 18 (or 16 for permit) Permit Fee: $10 / Decal: $4 Photo License Fee: $24 Tests Required: Knowledge, Vision, Road (KVR)

14 Test Requirements Vision Test
20/50 vision with or without corrective lenses. Knowledge Test The knowledge test consists of 50 questions. Minimum requirements: 80 percent, or 40 correct answers out of 50 questions Road Test Applicants must provide their own vehicle for the road test. It is a pass/fail test

15 Elements of the road test
The examiner may test you on the following items: Driving in reverse Following other vehicles Nearing corners/intersections Parking/parallel parking Sitting properly Starting a vehicle Steering properly Stopping at signs Stopping on downgrades/upgrades Stopping smoothly Turning Turning around Using the horn Yielding right-of-way

16 Lost License? Notify police and MVC
Lost Permit? -Contact your driving school to get a replacement -Notify the police Lost License? Notify police and MVC


18 If You Fail the Road Test?
1st Offense =2 weeks wait to reschedule 2nd Offense =2 weeks wait to reschedule 3rd Offense = 2 weeks wait to reschedule 4th Offense= 6 months wait to reschedule

19 Reasons for Failure due to Improper Vehicle
Improper, expired or no inspection sticker Lack of examiner access to foot brake or parking brake Any defect or condition that affects the safe operation of the test vehicle, such as but not limited to: Poor brakes Parking brake doesn’t work Unsafe tires (smooth, cut, badly worn) Vehicle interior is not in reasonably clean condition Vehicle failed inspection, and motorist does not bring the Vehicle Inspection Report issued by the inspection station to road test area Vehicle not equipped with radial tires or snow tires or chains when road is snow covered Fast engine idle Missing seat belts

20 Center Console Pictures
Center Console with accessible hand brake. Inaccessible emergency parking brake

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