Presentation on theme: "Meeting the Needs of Individuals"— Presentation transcript:
1 Meeting the Needs of Individuals PLANNING CARE FOR THE NEEDS OF THE INDIVIDUAL
2 Care Planning Exercises Care workers work in teams to ensure the best care for their clients. A vast range of skills may exist among the workers (e.g. medical treatment, nursing care, occupational therapy etc) but the aim of the whole team is the same, namely to:Assess the individual’s care needsDevelop a care plan which includes treatment, support or therapy to meet the individual’s specific needs
3 CARE PLANNINGIndividual care is an important feature of care practice today. It’s much better than the old method of working when care focussed on tasks.Care planning is critical in order to ensure the best standard of care for the individual. Care workers are trained to follow a care planning cycle as a means of developing and providing individual care for their clients.
4 CARE PLANNINGIt is a recurring process, i.e. each step leads to the next and the planning may go through several assessment, planning, monitoring and evaluation cycles depending on whether the physical, mental or social situation of the individual in question improves or worsens.
5 CARE PLANNING Reasons for care planning: An effective means of identifying the client’s needs and wishesA means of targeting and prioritising needsImproving the consistency of careHelping the team to work together towards the same goalMonitoring and evaluating the plan ensures that the care remains effective and suitable for the particular client
6 ASSESSMENT OF NEEDS This is the first step in creating a care plan If the individual’s needs are complex or numerous, many assessments may be made by various professionals. For example, in order to support and care for an elderly person who lives in his own home, a community nurse, a social worker and an occupational therapist may be required to make an assessment.
7 ASSESSMENT OF NEEDSAlthough these carers will make an integrated assessment, each will have a slightly different emphasis. The differences will reflect their priorities and professional skills. But a multi-disciplinary approach such as this will lead to a detailed assessment of the individual’s needs.
8 ASSESSMENT OF NEEDS An assessment follows the same pattern each time Deciding where the best place for making the assessment would beEnsuring that the client understands the expectationsEnsuring that the client takes part in the processCreating a good relationship between the worker and the clientAssessing the client’s needsAgreeing the care objectivesFormulating a written report
9 ASSESSMENT OF NEEDS The assessment is made by: Talking and listening to the client and his informal carerLetting them know which services are availableObserving the client undertaking a number of tasksMaking a note of observationsDiscussing which services are neededWriting a report on the result of the assessment
10 ASSESSMENT OF NEEDSInformation concerning ‘THE INDIVIDUAL’ is provided through a variety of sources:Observations by the care workerPrevious assessments and testsRecords and reports on his previous careFamily and friends
11 Care PlanningThe second step in the care planning cycle is the planning itself.The information gathered from the assessment of individual needs is used to produce an individual care plan which should:Identify the individual’s specific needsSet aims and objectives which the care worker should aim to achieve by providing careIdentify the type of care needed and how it will be provided in order to meet the individual’s specific needs
12 Implementing the CareThis is the step where the care which has been planned is implemented and its effect on the individual monitored. During monitoring, any change in the condition or needs of the individual should be recorded in his care plan notes. This information is required so that the plan may be evaluated in the next step.
13 Evaluating the Care This is the final step in the cycle. It means that the team has to decide whether the aim of the care has been met and whether the plan continues to be suitable for the individual. If the needs have changed, another assessment may be required. If the plan does not work, it will have to be amended. A care plan should be evaluated regularly to ensure that it continues to be relevant to the needs of the individual.
14 Evaluating the Care Has the care plan achieved its aim? Was the care which has been provided effective?Were the carers effective?Does the individual believe that there has been any improvement?Do all the carers see an improvment?Have the needs of the individual changed?
15 THE CLIENT Including the individual in his own care Since the client is the focus of the care plan, it is a good thing to include him in the planning from the outset and to begin finding ways of keeping him involved in the process.
16 Care Planning ASSESSMENT Enquiring about needs and problems Recording relevant historyPLANNINGDiscussing aim and treatmentAgreeing the careIMPLEMENTINGSupporting personal careHelping to implement the care
17 Care Planning MONITORING Enquiring about improvements Discussing any necessary changes to the planEVALUATINGGathering feedback regarding the careDiscussing new and necessary aimsThe client should be included in the whole process – if possible
18 Discussing with the Client Discussing with the client is the secret.It provides a way of identifying the individual’s wishes and securing his permission perhaps to implement care which could be very personal. It is also an opportunity to encourage the individual to be autonomic. Including the client in the process improves the chances of the care being successful.Feedback from the client is necessary when evaluating the care in order to ensure that further care will still meet the needs of the individual:
19 Informal AssistanceInformal assistance is given by people who are not paid for doing so; they are mostly untrained. They are generally people whom the client knows and trusts.The following are examples of informal carers:CLOSE FAMILYTHE EXTENDED FAMILYNEIGHBOURSFRIENDSFAITH GROUPSINFORMAL NETWORKS e.g. SELF HELP GROUPS
20 Carers (Recognition and Services Act) 1995 The Carers (Recognition and Services) Act 1995 acknowledges the importance of the work of informal carers in the community and seeks to defend them. It allows them to be assessed apart from the people in their care.The local authority must provide an assessment if the informal carer asks for one, and sometimes these are offered without a request being made.