2 Beginning Your Speech First impressions are very important. A poor beginning may distract or alienate your audience so that you may never recover, Start with an interesting GRABBER!Having a good beginning is a confidence booster. It will propel you through the rest of the speech.
3 Three Elements in your Introduction Get the attention and interest of your audience (Interesting Grabber!!! )Reveal the topic of your speech. (Background Information)Establish your opinion of the topic (for or against) in your thesis statement.
4 Where Do I Start?Start with a grabber…there are many ways to GRAB your audience…
5 Attention-Getting Techniques Relate the Topic to the AudienceBring the topic home to your listeners. They will be more likely to be interested if the topic relates to their personal lives. Ask them a question that may relate to them.If I was writing a persuasive paper on why smoking should be illegal, maybe I can start by asking, “Do you know anyone in your family that smokes and has health problems because of it?”
6 State the Importance of Your Topic Show your audience why your topic is important. Using an interesting Fact would be useful in this area, if you have one from your readings.“Fact: Every 30 seconds someone dies from smoking cigarettes” (smoke.com, 2009).
7 Startle Your AudienceSharing a shocking statistic or making a bold statement will grab the attention of your audience as well as introduce them to your topic.“87% of smokers wished they had never picked up their first cigarette”(smoke.com, 2009).
8 Attention-Getting Techniques Arouse the Curiosity of the AudienceDraw your audience into your speech with several statements or action.Maybe you could come in with a list of several problems that are caused by smoking…“Yellow teeth, bad breath, LUNG CANCER, Emphysema, etc. There are the problems smoking causes!”
9 Question the AudienceAsking a rhetorical question or a series of questions is another way to get the attention of your listeners.Why do people start smoking? Why would anyone want to hurt their bodies? Why is smoking looked at as cool when all it does is cause death?
10 Attention-Getting Techniques Begin with a QuotationBeginning with a quote from a famous writer, from the Bible or other book, from a poem or song, from a television show or movie is another way to arouse the interest of your listeners.“I should never have done it!” (smoke.com, 2009).“IF smoking is so cool, then death is cool” (smoke.com, ).
11 Define an important term A powerful way to start a paper is to educate the audience on an important and relevant term within your topic.For example, maybe you could define what a “Carcinogen” is (if you were writing about making smoking illegal).
12 So, now you have a ton of different ways to grab your audience So, now you have a ton of different ways to grab your audience. Pick one way and go with it…Relate the Topic to the AudienceState the Importance of Your Topic with a factStartle Your Audience with a statisticArouse the Curiosity of the Audience with a listDefine a termAsk rhetorical questionsStart with a powerful quote
13 After you grab the audience…Don’t Forget to Reveal the Topic In the process of gaining attention, be sure to state clearly the topic of your speech. If you do not, your listeners will be confused. And once they are confused, your chances of getting them absorbed in the speech are almost nil. This is so basic, that it seems silly to have to mention it, but many speakers fail to do this .
14 So, you should give the audience the background information… Tell the WHAT, WHEN, WHY, HOW, WHO
15 The What, When, Why, How, Who… What is the topic?When did the problem start?Who was/is involved?How did it come about?Why is this important?
16 While you are reading about your topic, It’s smart to note the background information when it comes up.It will make writing your introductionA LOT EASIER!!!
17 When writing your background information… Try not to give too much information- no need to give great detail. Just enough for them to understand what the topic is about.***The details will be brought up in your body paragraphs
18 The structure of your introduction… 1.) Grabber (flows into ..) 2.)Background information (which flows into..) 3.)Thesis
19 What is a thesis statement? It is the HEART of your paper.It is the statement on what you believe about the topic.It answers the question, “What is your perspective/ position on a topic” (Are you for or against animal cruelty?)It is usually located as the LAST SENTENCE in the introduction
20 When writing your thesis… Do write what you thinkDon’t write “I think” “I believe” :In my opinion” etc.If this is too difficult, write a rough draft with the sentence starting out as “I think” but when you FINALIZE it, take it out!
21 AGAIN, the structure of your introduction… 1.) Grabber (flows into ..) 2.)Background information (which flows into..) 3.)Thesis
22 Let’s look at a good example… Ask yourself, does it grab the audience well?Does it give me enough information about the topic? Not too much? Not too little?Do I know the writer’s position on the topic?
23 Now, let’s look at a bad example… What makes it bad?
25 Transitions are the glue that keeps your paper together! Before moving on to your conclusion, you should make sure your body paragraphs flow well.Transitions are the glue that keeps your paper together!
26 The Body or Substance of Your Argument Signal to the audience/readers when you are changing points by adding transitions:First …FurthermoreAnother reason…In addition…Moreover…Ultimately…and by using body language to show a shift in topic
27 Ending Your Speech Gracefully Signal the end: Speakers who abruptly walk off the stage take the audience by surpriseUse the phrases like: Ultimately, In closing, Let me end by saying, My purpose has been..Signal the end: in your body language and tone
28 Conclusion Requirements 1.) Summarize the outline of your speech2.) Restate the main points in different wordsBUT THAT’S NOT ALL…
29 3.) Finally, leave them thinking, passionate, and motivated Call for ActionEnd with a quotationMake a dramatic statementRefer back to the introduction (especially if you began with a story)