Presentation on theme: "WEB DESIGN 1 THEORY : 30 PRACTICE : 60 Lecturer : Phạm Sĩ Quan Phone : 0908 534 992 Blog:"— Presentation transcript:
WEB DESIGN 1 THEORY : 30 PRACTICE : 60 Lecturer : Phạm Sĩ Quan Phone : 0908 534 992 Email: email@example.com Blog: firstname.lastname@example.org
Evaluation Criteria Subject Lapreport (Return all in-class exercises have) Mid-term test Final test Topic subjects (Each group of 3 students - design a website complete with content learned) Lapreport (Return all in-class exercises have) Mid-term test Final test Topic subjects (Each group of 3 students - design a website complete with content learned)
4 Concepts HTML: The Language of the Web Web Server and Web Browser Web Page – Web Site - URL World Wide Web Internet - Intranet
5 Internet is a global computer network in which computers communicate with each other via TCP/ IP. Intranet is local network not connected to the internet, just connect the computers in the same network of a company and also connected through TCP / IP
6 World Wide Web The World Wide Web is a system of interlinked hypertext documents accessed via the Internet on which users to easily navigate from one topic to another. With a web browser, one can view web pages that may contain text, images, videos, and other multimedia and navigate between them by using hyperlinks
7 Web page – Web site - URL The hypertext documents within a Web site are known as Web pages. An entire collection of linked documents is referred to as a Web site. Individual pages can contain text, audio, video, and even programs that can be run remotely. URL is the addresses Internet full of a page or file, including protocols, location the network path options and the name file. For example, http:// www.microsoft.com / ms.htm
8 Web server and Web Browser A Web page is stored on a Web server, which in turn makes it available to the network. To view a Web page, a client runs a software program called a Web browser, which retrieves the page from the server and displays it. The earliest browsers, known as text-based browsers, were incapable of displaying images. Today most computers support graphical browsers which are capable of displaying not only images, but also video, sound, animations, and a variety of graphical features
9 HTML: Hyper Text Markup Language A Web page is a text file written in a language called Hypertext Markup Language A markup language is a language that describes a document’s structure and content HTML is not a programming language or a formatting language
10 Contents HTML Image HTML List Basic HTML Tags HTML elements Fundamental
11 FUNDAMENTAL What is HTML? HTML is a language for describing web pages. HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language HTML is not a programming language, it is a markup language. A markup language is a set of markup tags. HTML uses markup tags to describe web pages.
12 FUNDAMENTAL HTML Tags: HTML markup tags are usually called HTML tags HTML tags are keywords surrounded by angle brackets like HTML tags normally come in pairs like and The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag. Start and end tags are also called opening tags and closing tags.
13 FUNDAMENTAL HTML Document = Web Page HTML documents describe web pages, it contain HTML tags and plain text Structure of the web page: information of the web page content display on browser
14 FUNDAMENTAL Web Browser The purpose of a web browser (like Internet Explorer or Firefox) is to read HTML documents and display them as web pages. The browser does not display the HTML tags, but uses the tags to interpret the content of the page
15 FUNDAMENTAL Editing HTML We use a plain text editor (like Notepad) to edit HTML. This is the best way to learn HTML. However, professional web developers often prefer HTML editors like FrontPage or Dreamweaver, instead of writing plain text. HTM or HTML Extension? When you save an HTML file, you can use either the.htm or the.html extension. With new software it is perfectly safe to use.html.
16 HTML ELEMENTS HTML Elements: An HTML element is everything from the start tag to the end tag: Start tag *Element contentEnd tag * This is a paragraph This is a link
17 HTML ELEMENTS HTML Element Syntax An HTML element starts with a start tag / opening tag and ends with an end tag / closing tag The element content is everything between the start and the end tag Some HTML elements have empty content Empty elements are closed in the start tag Most HTML elements can have attributes
18 HTML ELEMENTS Nested HTML Elements Most HTML elements can be nested (can contain other HTML elements). HTML documents consist of nested HTML elements. Empty HTML Elements HTML elements without content are called empty elements. Empty elements can be closed in the start tag. is an empty element without a closing tag
19 HTML ELEMENTS Example: This is my first paragraph Explain: The element defines the whole HTML document. The element defines the body of the HTML document. The element defines a paragraph in the HTML document
20 HTML ELEMENTS HTML Attributes HTML elements can have attributes Attributes provide additional information about the element. Attributes are always specified in the start tag. Attributes come in name/value pairs like: name="value“. Attribute values should always be enclosed in quotes Example This is a link
21 HTML ELEMENTS Below is a list of some attributes that are standard for most HTML elements: AttributeValueDescription classclass_rule or style_ruleThe class of the element idid_nameA unique id for the element stylestyle_definitionAn inline style definition titletooltip_text A text to display in a tool tip
22 BASIC HTML TAGS HTML Headings Headings are defined with the to tags. defines the largest heading. defines the smallest heading. Example This is a heading1 This is a heading2 This is a heading3 Browsers automatically adds an empty line before and after headings.
23 BASIC HTML TAGS Example This is heading 1 This is heading 2 This is heading 3 This is heading 4 This is heading 5 This is heading 6
24 BASIC HTML TAGS HTML Rules (Lines) The tag is used to create an horizontal rule (line). Example: The hr tag defines a horizontal rule: This is a paragraph This is a paragraph
25 BASIC HTML TAGS Optional Attributes of the tag: Example:
26 BASIC HTML TAGS HTML Comments Comments can be inserted in the HTML code to make it more readable and understandable. Comments are ignored by the browser and are not displayed. Example This is a regular paragraph
27 BASIC HTML TAGS HTML Paragraphs: Paragraphs are defined with the tag Browsers automatically adds an empty line before and after paragraphs. Example: This is a paragraph. Don't forget to close your HTML tags!
28 BASIC HTML TAGS HTML Line Breaks: Use the tag if you want a line break (a new line) without starting a new paragraph. The element is an empty HTML element. It has no end tag. or Example: This is a paragraph with line breaks
29 BASIC HTML TAGS HTML Text Formatting: HTML uses tags like and for formatting output, like bold or italic text. These HTML tags are called formatting tags. Example: This text is bold This text is big This text is italic This is subscript and superscript
30 BASIC HTML TAGS TagDescription Defines bold text Defines big text Defines emphasized text Defines italic text Defines small text Defines strong text Defines subscripted text Defines superscripted text Deprecated. Use styles instead Text Formatting Tags
31 BASIC HTML TAGS HTML Styles: The style attribute is a new HTML attribute. It introduces CSS to HTML. The purpose of the style attribute is: To provide a common way to style all HTML elements. With HTML styles, styles can be added to HTML elements directly by using the style attribute, or indirectly by in separate style sheets (CSS files)..
32 BASIC HTML TAGS Examples style="background-color:yellow" style="font-size:10px" style="font-family:Times" style="text-align:center" Some the attribute always use: Background Color Ex: The style attribute defines a style for the element.
33 BASIC HTML TAGS Font Family, Color and Size Ex: –The style attribute defines a style for the element. Text Alignment Ex: –The style attribute defines a style for the element.
34 BASIC HTML TAGS HTML Fonts: content Example: This is a paragraph.
35 BASIC HTML TAGS Font Attributes Company Logo AttributeExamplePurpose size="number"size="2"Defines the font size size="+number"size="+1" Increases the font size size="-number"size="-1" Decreases the font size face="face- name" face="Times" Defines the font- name color="color- value" color="#eeff00 " Defines the font color color="color- name" color="red" Defines the font color
36 BASIC HTML TAGS The Right Way to Do It - With Styles: This is a paragraph with style.
37 HTML Colors HTML Color Values: HTML colors are defined using a hexadecimal (hex) notation for the combination of Red, Green, and Blue color values (RGB). The lowest value that can be given to one of the light sources is 0 (hex 00). The highest value is 255 (hex FF). Hex values are written as 3 double digit numbers, starting with a # sign.
39 HTML Colors HTML Color Names: The W3C HTML and CSS standards have listed only 16 valid color names: aqua, black, blue, fuchsia, gray, green, lime, maroon, navy, olive, purple, red, silver, teal, white, and yellow.
40 HTML Colors To change the color scheme of web page you use Body tag.