Presentation on theme: "Assay the Activity of Creatine Kinase (CK)-total in Serum Dept.of Biochemistry."— Presentation transcript:
Assay the Activity of Creatine Kinase (CK)-total in Serum Dept.of Biochemistry
Creatine Creatine is a nitrogenous organic acid that occurs naturally in vertebrates –produced from amino acids primarily in the kidney and liver. –transported in the blood for use by muscles. –helps to supply energy to muscle. –Approximately 95% of creatine is located in skeletal muscle. –The rest is located in the brain or heart.
Creatine and phosphocreatine Creatine by way of conversion to and from phosphocreatine is present and functions in all vertebrates as energy buffer system. Keeps the ATP/ADP ratio high at subcellular places where ATP is needed. Creatine supplements are sometimes used by athletes, bodybuilders, and others who wish to gain muscle mass.
Creatinine Creatinine is a break-down product of creatine phosphate in muscle, and is usually produced at a fairly constant rate by the body (depending on muscle mass). Creatinine is chiefly filtered out of the blood by the kidneys. The level of creatinine excretion (clearance rate) is a measure of renal function.
Creatine kinase (CK) also known as creatine phosphokinase (CPK) or phospho- creatine kinase, is an enzyme expressed by various tissues and cell types. CK catalyzes the transfer of phosphate between creatine and ATP/ADP, the reaction is reversible –phosphocreatine is regenerated when ATP is abundant –Provides rapid regeneration of ATP when ATP is low CK
CK isoenzymes Creatine Kinase activity is found greatest in skeletal muscles, brain and heart tissue. It is a dimer containing B (Brain) and M(Muscle) subunits. Three isoenzymes: –CK1 (CK-BB): in the brain –CK2 (CK-MB): mostly in the cardiac muscles –CK3(CK-MM): in both the skeletal and the cardiac muscles. CK-MB is more specific for cardiac muscle, so it is a more sensitive marker of myocardial injury than total CK activity. Muscle-Type CK (Dimer)
Clinical significance Elevation of CK is an indication of damage to muscle. CK value is increased in myocardial infarction and muscle injury such as muscular dystrophy, acute rhabdomyolysis due to strenuous exercise, myocarditis, alcoholic myopathy and so on. Following a myocardial infarction, CK rises measurably within a 4-6 hour period. Maximal values are observed within 24 hours, after which time, the activity returns to normal.
Assay the Activity of CK-Total in Serum Principle –Creatine kinase (CK) transfers phosphate from ATP to creatine, forming creatine phosphate and ADP. –Pyruvate kinase(PK) then transfers phosphate from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to ADP, yielding pyruvate and ATP. –The pyruvate which combines with 2,4 – dinitrophenylhydrazine(2,4-DNPH) to give a brown colored complex (pyruvate-2,4 – dinitrophenylhydrazone)in alkaline medium. –The change of absorbance of the colored complex is proportional to the activity of CK. alkaline medium PEP + ADP pyruvate + ATP PK Creatine + ATP Creatine phosphate + ADP CK pyruvate + 2,4-DNPH pyruvate-2,4 – dinitrophenylhydrazone (brown colored complex)
–The pyruvate which combines with 2,4 – dinitrophenylhydrazine(2,4-DNPH) to give a brown colored complex (pyruvate-2,4 – dinitrophenylhydrazone)in alkaline medium.
Specimens & Materials Specimen: serum Working reagent: –Creatine,ATP,PEP,PK Color reagent: –2,4-DNPH –Function: stop the reaction, reveal color 0.4N NaOH C S =200 U/L (Standard: pyruvate) Water bath Test tubes Pipettes Spectrophotometer
Method BST Working reagent ( l) 250 dH 2 O ( l) 50-- standard ( l) -50- serum ( l) --50 Mix, incubate for 15 mins at 37 C Color reagent ( l) 250 Mix, incubate for 15 mins at 37 C NaOH (ml)2.0 Mix, 2-3 mins at room temperature Mix the contents of each tube, measure the absorbance of test(T) and standard(S) setting zero with blank(B), λ=510nm.
Calculation CK activity (U/L)=A T /A S x C S Cs=200 U/L Expected normal value: 27-184 U/L
1 、 distinguish transparence and opaque 2 、 control solution at 2/3 volume 3 、 sop up water with paper 4 、 cleanout ， upend it Cuvette
1.Switch on, allow 20 min for warm up before use. 2.Adjust wave length of maximal absorption. 3.Prepare test, blank and standard sample. sop up liquid with paper, Place them in the cuvette holder. (Notice: put the blank in position 1, Make sure the cuvette is aligned with the light source. ) 4.Mode “A”, press“100%T ／ 0A”, Set A=0 or T=100. 5.Pull the pole once time. 6.Change mode to “T”, press“0%T ”, Set T =0 7.Change mode to “A”. 8.pull the pole second time, record A1; third time, record A2; forth time,record A3. Operating steps of spectrophotometry