Presentation on theme: ". Absolute Poverty Lack of resources that result in hunger Relative Poverty Deficiency in material and economic resources compared to other."— Presentation transcript:
Absolute Poverty Lack of resources that result in hunger Relative Poverty Deficiency in material and economic resources compared to other parts of population Extreme Poverty Living on less than $1.25 a day
Poverty threshold = $23,021 for a family of 4 (single = $14,000) Basic needs Budget = $45,000 for a family of 4 Nearly 47 million Americans live in poverty That’s 15% of our population (poverty rate) More than ¼ of the world’s population lives on less than $2 a day and about 2 % of the worlds people live on less than $1.25 a day http://www.cnn.com/interactive/2015/03/opinion/ctl-child-poverty/#0 http://www.cnn.com/interactive/2015/03/opinion/ctl-child-poverty/#0
www.playspent.org www.playspent.org Write down your decisions and the results. Reflection: What did you learn?
Social Stratification is the creation of layers of people who possess unequal shares of scares resources. Each of the layers in a stratification system is a social class. Social Stratification is often based on four dimensions: o Income o Wealth o Power o Prestige
“For Karl Marx, the economy determines the nature of society.” Income is the amount of money received within a given time period by an individual or group. Wealth refers to all the economic resources possessed by an individual or group. Answer this question: How unequally are resources distributed in the U.S.? WEALTH INEQUALITY IN AMERICA VIDEO
Class consciousness is a sense of identification with the ideas and goals of a social class.
Power is the ability to control the behavior of others, even against their will. According to Karl Marx, those who own and control the wealth have the power in a society. Max Weber argued that power can derive from expert knowledge as well. o Lawyers = political power o Doctors = power o Scientist = power
Prestige is the recognition, respect and admiration attached to social positions. o Different based on culture. o People with similar levels of prestige tend to share lifestyles and tend to bring their children up in these lifestyles. Because Americans value wealth and power, those who are prestigious in our culture are typically wealthy and powerful. “Prestige is like a powerful magnet that warps even your beliefs about what you enjoy. It causes you to work not on what you like, but what you’d like to like.” – Paul GrahamPaul Graham
What values make these individuals prestigious?
Functionalism? Stratification assures that the most qualified people fill the most important positions. In order to encourage individuals to strive for jobs that require more education and training, society placing a high level of prestige and wealth on them.
Conflict theory? Inequality exists because some people are willing to exploit others. People don’t choose to be placed in a class, they are forced. Thoughts?
Symbolic Interactionism? People are socialized to accept the existing stratification structure. Those is lower classes tend to have lower self-esteem (looking glass self).
Social mobility is the movement of people between social classes. Horizontal mobility involves changing from one occupation to another at the same social class level. Vertical mobility occurs when a person’s occupational status moves upward or downward in social class. Intergenerational mobility is a change in class from one generation to the next.
Caste Systems “The only thing standing between any American citizen and success is talent, a willingness to work, and perseverance.” Reality=these leaps are rare. Only small movements typically happen. Upward mobility is actually decreasing. Downwardly mobile people experience lowered self-esteem, despair, depression, feelings of powerlessness and a loss of a sense of humor.
Using one of the tools below, you are to create a 10 page children’s book that uses at least 5 key terms or main ideas from chapter 8. The story should also address a social problem with social stratification and social mobility. There are sample books on the back counter if you need a place to start. The book should have no spelling or grammar mistakes and be school appropriate. Possible Tools: Art supplies in classroom http://www.powtoon.com/ http://www.flipsnack.com/ http://www.storyjumper.com/
Story Book Requirements ComponentPerfect Score Requirements Points Possible Points Earned Page Requirement The storybook is at least 10 pages in length. 5 Key Terms At least five key terms or ideas are correctly used in the story. 10 Content The story addresses a social issues regarding social stratification and social mobility. 10 Mechanics There are no spelling or grammar mistakes in the story. One of the suggested tools is used. 5 Totals 30
With your group (1-3 members) create a 3 – 4 point plan that you think will fix the poverty problem. Type your plan in a Google presentation or a Prezi. Include AT LEAST two poverty statistics in your plan.