Presentation on theme: "Class. Name the four forms of social strata: _________ - European feudalistic strata; present around the French Revolution time. _________ - Indian."— Presentation transcript:
Name the four forms of social strata: _________ - European feudalistic strata; present around the French Revolution time. _________ - Indian strata system; there is no social mobility, but the groups themselves can change their position (or prestige). __________- Grouping of people who share a common economic position; it influences the lifestyles they are able to lead. __________ - Extreme form of strata; ownership and exploitation of lower-class individuals
Class Social mobility Estate Slavery Caste Upper, middle, working and underclass
True or false: Marx supported Capitalism: T/F His primary theory is that private ownership of the means of production is the maximum form of alienation. T/F Marx categorised the upper and middle classes into, respectively, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. T/F Marx recognised that there was a middle class. T/F
Define the following: Alienation Exploitation Proletariat Bourgeoisie Conflict theory Consensus theory
Sequence the following to show the development of Weber’s big idea regarding the Protestant Work Ethic: Inherent need to please God created Capitalism which created Protestant Work Ethic which is defined as… The idea of hard work, frugality and self-discipline to satisfy a need to please God
What were the three things which Weber thought society was stratified by? C____ S_____, and P_____. Did Weber identify a ‘middle class’? Y/N Complete this sentence: Weber said that it was the v____ of your l______ (i.e. selling _______) which gives you p______. Weber identified classes as being flexible; true or false?
Put the four main classes he identified in order from upper to lower, with their definition. Propertied upper class Own property (i.e. material possessions) White-collar workers Petty-bourgeoisie Manual working class Those who ‘wear ties’ to work – i.e. teachers, lawyers – service jobs. Upper working-> lower middle class Those working with their hands in blue-collar jobs.
Define the following: Status Party Calvinism
The boundaries between classes are always clear-cut, at least as according to Weber. T/F The basis of class difference – ownership of wealth and occupations. T/F Working class is differentiated by skill, income and property ownership. T/F Modern Capitalist societies are characterised by widely unequal distributions of wealth. T/F
What is globalisation? What is the difference between economic protectionism and global deregulation? What does DFI stand for? What does it mean?
Socio-economic order (draw a diagram & explain it ) Capitalism Communism Power White-collar jobs Blue-collar jobs
Slide 1: social stratification Estate, caste, class and slavery. Slide 2: class definitions: Social mobility – the extent to which people can move between social strata. Upper class – those higher up in society who live luxurious lives and rarely work. Middle class – those living comfortable lifestyles; mainly working in white collar jobs. Working class – those who have blue collar jobs; some live in relative poverty (luxuries of the upper classes cannot be afforded e.g. computers). Underclass – those completely out of employment, and who live in absolute poverty. (where necessities of life are not met e.g. food). Slide 3: Marx true/false: F, T, T, F. Slide 4: Marx definitions: Alienation – to seize possession of something to extort others from what belongs to them. Exploitation – those who do not have money who are forced to under-sell themselves/their services. Proletariat – lower classes who make the production for the bourgeoisie. Bourgeoisie – higher classes who own the means of production. Conflict theory – it is the Marxist idea which stresses the inequalities of a society – e.g.social, political or economic. Consensus theory – social theory which maintains that political and economic systems in a society are fair, and that change should happen in the institutions provided by them.
Slide 6: Class, status and party. Y. Weber said that it was the value of your labour (i.e. selling yourself) which gives you power. Slide 5:
Slide 8: Weber definitions Status – how a person is perceived amongst others in society based upon their cultural capital. Age, gender and race can also have an affect upon it. Party – political power of people organised into groups. Calvinism – protestant denomination which believed God had predestined their salvation and so they focused on hard work and frugality. Slide 9: true/false F, T, T, T. Slide 10: globalisation: Globalisation – the importing of overseas-made products for cheaper prices to support a country’s economy. Economic protectionism – protecting a country’s economy through being exclusive from globalisation. Global deregulation – the removal of tariffs & quotas; allowing more DFI. (see below) DFI – direct foreign investment. It’s when another foreign company/country invests directly into your business.
Slide 11: definitions: Socio-economic order Capitalism – government structure that people earn their way to the top; there is always a succinct division between the higher, middle and lower classes. It is an economically driven society. Communism –the government structure that everyone is equal, though there is nearly always a leader at the top, in order to avoid exploitation of lower classes. Power – a relationship between two parties which is often unequal as often one party holds higher power. White-collar jobs – service-based jobs e.g. teaching. Blue-collar jobs – jobs requiring manual labour e.g. builders. This illustrates how the middle class is over time gradually shrinking, and the gap between the highest and lowest classes increasing.