2 What are the four types of air masses? Maritime TropicalMaritime PolarContinental TropicalContinental Polar
3 Maritime Tropical Warm humid air masses from oceans near the tropics. They form over the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.In the summer time maritime tropical usually bring hot humid weather.In winter, a humid air mass can bring heavy rain or snow.
4 Maritime PolarCool humid air masses form over the icy cold North Pacific and North Atlantic oceans.The air masses affect the west coast more than the east coast.In the summer they often bring rain, fog, and cool temperatures to the west coast.
5 Continental TropicalHot dry air masses form only in the summer over dry areas of southwestern and northern Mexico.Cover a smaller area than other air masses.Bring hot, dry weather to the south.
6 Continental Polar Form over central and northern Canada and Alaska. Bring cool and cold air.In winter they bring clear, cool, and dry air to most of northern America.In the summer, storms may occur when continental air masses move south and meet maritime tropical that move north.
7 FrontsWhen air masses meet is a front, the collision often causes storms and weather changes.A front may be 15 to 200 kilometers wide and extend as much as 10 kilometers up to the troposphere.The kind of front that develops depends on the characteristics of the air masses and how they move.
8 There are four types of fronts. Cold Fronts.Warm Fronts.Stationary Fronts.Occluded Fronts.
9 Cold Fronts Cold air is dense and tends to sink. Warm air is less dense and tends to rise.When a moving cold air mass runs into a slowly moving warm air mass, the denser cold air slides under the warmer air.Warm air can hold more water vapor than cool air.If there is a lot of water vapor in the warm air heavy rain or snow may fall.Cold fronts move quickly so they can cause weather changes.After a cold front passes, cool, dry air moves in.
10 Warm FrontsA moving warm air mass collides with a slowly moving cold air mass.If the warm air is humid showers and light rain might. fall along the front where the warm and cold air meet.If the warm air is dry scattered clouds may form.After a warm front passes through an area the weather is likely to be warm and humid.Winter warm fronts bring snow.
11 Stationary FrontsSometimes cold and warm air masses meet but neither one has enough force to move.Where the warm and cold air meet, water vapor in the warm air turns into rain, snow, fog, or clouds.
12 Occluded FrontsA warm air mass is caught between two cooler air masses.As warm air cools and its water vapor condenses, the weather may turn cloudy, rainy, or snowy.
13 Cyclones and Anticyclones As warm air at the center of a cyclone rises , the air pressure decreases.Winds in a cyclone spin counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere.As air rises in a cyclone the air cools forming clouds and precipitation.Winds spiral outward from the center of an anticyclone, moving towards areas of low pressure.Winds in an anticyclone spin clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere.
14 CyclonesHurricanes are very large cyclones that can cause widespread damage.
15 AnticyclonesAir flows clockwise around a high-pressure system in the northern hemisphere.Air tends to sink near high-pressure centers, which inhibits precipitation and cloud formation.
16 HomeworkChoose an air mass or frontal system. Write a brief description of how that would affect their activities/plans for that day.(HALF A PAGE)
17 VocabularyAir mass- a huge body of air that has similar temperature, humidity, and pressure.Tropical- or warm air masses form in the tropics and have low air pressurePolar- or cold air masses from North of 50o N latitude and South of 50o S latitude.Maritime- air masses that form over oceansContinental- air masses form over land in the middle of continents and are dry.Front- the area where the masses meet and do not mix.Occluded- the warm air masses is cut off.Cyclone- a swirling center of low air pressure.Anticyclone- area of high pressure centers of dry air.
18 Section 1 Review1.) What two main characteristics are used to classify air masses?TemperatureHumidity
19 Section 1 Review2.) What's a front? Name and describe the four fronts.Front- the area where the masses meet but do not mix.Cold Fronts- when a rapidly moving cold air mass runs into a slowly moving air mass, the denser cold air slides under the lighter warm air.Warm Fronts- a moving warm air mass collides with a slowly moving cold air mass.Stationary Fronts- sometimes cold and warm air masses meet but neither one has enough force to move.Occluded Fronts- a warm air mass is caught between two cooler air masses.
20 Section 1 Review3.) What is a cyclone? What kind of weather does it bring?Cyclone- a swirling center of low air pressure.A cyclone usually brings precipitation and usually forms clouds.
21 Section 1 Review4.) Why do maritime polar air masses have more affect on the west coast than the east coast?Maritime polar air masses has more affect on the west coast than the east coast because,of the cool humid air.