Penis – (Glans Penis) Sex organ Erectile Tissue – 3 cylindrical chambers – 2 cavernous & 1 spongy body – during stimulation = vasocongestion takes place Foreskin – surrounds head of penis Corona – rim of the head – contains nerve endings Scrotum - sac holding testes – temp reg. Gonads – testicles – male sex glands – produce testosterone and sperm Seminiferous tubules – structures in testes were sex cell produced Epididymis – on back half of testes – stores sperm Urethra – tube that extends from bladder – joins w/ vas deferens Seminal Vesicle – releases clear, alkaline fluid – nourishes sperm w/ fructose – adds to mobility Prostate Gland – alkaline fluid – protects from acidic areas in urethra & vagina
SPERM Acrosome – cap structure that covers the head – contains enzymes that help sperm locate and penetrate ova membrane Head – contains genetic material from male – 23 chromosomes Mitochondria – midpiece – helps supply energy – converts fructose from Sem. Ves Tail - movement -
DISORDERS IN MALES DISORDERWhat it is…Symptoms..Treatment Jock Itch Fungal Infection of groin; exposure to moisture & heat increase risk Itchy, red rashOver-the counter creams; keep area dry Cystitis (Bladder Infection) Inflammation of bladder – bacterial infection Swelling bladder, burn when urinating, blood in urine, strong smell, fever antibiotics ProstatitisBacterial Infect. - may be tied to STI Swelling, fever, pain in mid section & urinating antibiotics Inguinal Hernia Bulging of intestine through weakness of abdominal wall in scrotum Bulge in scrotum, sense of pain, heavy Immediate medical care - surgery
DisorderWhat it isSymptomsTreatment Testicular TorsionTwisting of testes on nerve/blood vessel attached to it Pain/nauseaImmediate MX care – untwist or remove testes Prostate CancerAbnormal cell growth Difficult to urinate, burning & pain Surgery, Radiation implant, chemo Testicular CancerCancer growth in testes – most common ages 15- 35 Lump on testes; heaviness in scrotum or no symptoms Self- exam monthly – chemo, surgery
HEALTHY BEHAVIORS Wear protective gear when playing sports Avoid wearing tight clothes Practice good hygiene Not circumcised, wash underneath foreskin Monthly TCSE Annual physical exam Moderate use of alcohol when of age Avoid smoking & drug use Exercise regularly – can prevent ED as you get older and help lessen chance of diabetes, cardiovascular disease & hypertension.