Presentation on theme: "What is Your Health IQ Which Statements Are True or False?"— Presentation transcript:
1What is Your Health IQ Which Statements Are True or False? Sperm are made in the vas deferens.Both sperm & urine travel through a man’s urethra, although not at the same time.Testicular cancer is most common among men who are over the age of 50.Estrogen is the primary hormone in males.Eggs are made in the ovaries.The uterus is the organ in which a fetus develops.A woman produces several eggs every month.Fertilization of the egg usually occurs in the fallopian tubes.By the end of the 6th month of pregnancy, all the baby’s major body structures are formed.
2What is Your Health IQ Which Statements Are True or False? Sperm are made in the vas deferens. False, the testesBoth sperm & urine travel through a man’s urethra, although not at the same time. TrueTesticular cancer is most common among men who are over the age of 50. False, 15-35Estrogen is the primary hormone in males. False, testosterone.Eggs are made in the ovaries. TrueThe uterus is the organ where a fetus develops. TrueA woman produces several eggs every month. False, 1Fertilization of the egg usually occurs in the fallopian tubes. TrueBy the end of the 6th month of pregnancy, all the baby’s major body structures are formed. True
4Objectives State (What is) the role of the male reproductive system Describe (What is) the function of each of the organs of the male reproductive systemSummarize (What are) the problems that can occur with the male reproductive systemList (What are) the things a male can do to keep his reproductive system healthy
5Key Vocabulary Words & Definitions Sperm - the sex cell produced by the testes & needed to fertilize an eggEgg (Ovum) - the sex cell produced by the ovaries & can be fertilized by spermTestes (Testicle) - male reproductive organ that makes sperm & testosterone
6Key Vocabulary Words & Definitions Fertilization -the process by which a sperm & an egg w/their genetic material join to create a new human lifeReproduction – the process of producing a new human being
7Key Vocabulary Words & Definitions Semen - a fluid made up of sperm & other secretions from the male reproductive organsEjaculation – the release of semen through the urethra
8The Penis The Male Reproductive Organ That: Removes urine from the bodyDelivers sperm to the female reproductive organsIs erect during ejaculationCan ejaculate while sleeping called “wet dreams”
9Key Vocabulary Words & Definitions Glans – the tip (head) of the penis; made up of nerve endings that make it extremely sensitiveShaft – the rest of the penisCircumcision – removal of the foreskin; often done for religious/cultural reasons
10What Is Puberty & What Happens To The Body? Begins between years oldHair growth (face, chest, arm pit, pubic)Shoulders broadenVoice deepensPenis grows… SometimesTesticles produce sperm and testosteroneThe sex drive begins…
11What Does The Male Reproductive System Do? The male reproductive system works to produce sperm and deliver it to the female reproductive system.
14How the Male Reproductive System Works The male reproductive system is made up of internal and external organs.Testes (testicles)Makes sperm (hundred million sperm/day)Makes testosterone (major sex hormone of male)Rests in the scrotum (keeps the sperm cooler than normal body temperature)
15The Path Of The Sperm Epididymis Sperm travels from testes to the Epididymis where they finish their development;Sperm stays in the Epididymis for 6-10 days;
16The Path Of The Sperm Vas Deferens From the Epididymis, sperm travels through the Vas Deferens waiting to be ejaculated;Sperm will live for up to 6 weeks before they disintegrate
17The Path Of The Sperm Seminal Vesicles Produces a thick secretion that helps sperm move easierProduced at the beginning of an orgasm as sperm is being released
18The Path Of The Sperm Prostate Gland Secrets a thin, milky fluid that protects the sperm from acid in the female reproductive systemFluid is no longer sperm, now it is semen
19The Path Of The Sperm The Bulbourethral or Cowper’s Gland & Urethra Cowper’s Gland - Secrets a clear fluid that protects the sperm from acid in the male urethraUrethra - The canal through which urine and semen leaves the body.
20Problems of the Male Reproductive System What Is It ?SymptomsTreatmentJock ItchFungal infection of groin areaItchy rash in groinKeeping area cool and dryCystitisInflammation of the urinary bladderBurning during urinationAntibiotics prescribed by a doctorProstatitisBacterial infection of the prostateFever, pain in the pelvisInguinal herniaBulging of the intestines or other structure through a weakness in the abdominal wallAbnormal bulge in the abdomen, groin, or scrotumImmediate medical care
21Problem What Is It ? Symptoms Treatment Testicular Torsion Twisting of a testes – can happen during physical activitiesElevation of a testes, swelling & tenderness, nausea or vomitingImmediate medical care; if not, testes may need to be removedUn-descended TestesOne or both testes not moving from the abdomen to the scrotum during fetal developmentOne or no testes in the scrotumSurgery or hormone therapyProstate Cancer50+Abnormal division of cells in the prostate; may be hereditaryDifficulty, burning, or blood from urinating or defecating – or no symptomsSurgery, radiation, &/or chemotherapyTesticular Cancer15 – 35 yr. oldsAbnormal division of cells in the testes;may be hereditaryLump on testes, enlargement of testes, sense of heaviness, or no symptoms
226 Ways To Keep HealthyWear appropriate protective gear when playing contact sports.Avoid wearing tight clothing.Wash the penis & scrotum every day, & dry yourself carefully after showering.If you are not circumcised, wash underneath the foreskin.Perform a monthly testicular self-exam.Have an annual checkup w/a doctor.
23Preventing ProblemsWatch for any changes or symptoms that might indicate a problem.If any symptoms or problems are present, see the doctor right away.
24Preventing Jock Itch A fungal infection in the groin area. Physically active males in hot & humid locations are more likely to get jock itch.Can usually prevent jock itch by wearing cotton clothing & by drying themselves thoroughly after a shower.It is important to avoid wearing damp clothes for too longAvoid sharing towels or clothes w/others.
25Preventing Trauma Injuries due to an external force Injuries can happen playing sports, from car or bicycle accidents, or during “horseplay”.One way to reduce the risk of traumatic injuries to the testes is to wear protective gear when playing sports.
26Preventing HerniasWhen a piece of the intestine bulges into a weak place in the wall of the abdomen or groin.Caused by straining to lift or push something heavy.Can occur when coughing or sneezing.Doctors check for signs of a hernia by feeling for bulges in the groin while a male coughs.Avoid strenuous liftingUse your knees, not your back to when lifting heavy objects.
27Preventing Infertility Inability to fertilize an eggInfertility can be geneticIt can be caused by environmental conditions such as heat & trauma to the testes.
28Testicular Self-ExamEach month, perform the self-exam during or after a warm bath or showerStand in front of the mirror, and hold the penis out of the wayExamine each testicle separatelyLook and feel for any lumps or any change in the size, shape, or consistency of the testicleContact your doctor if you detect any troublesome signs
29Early Detection Of Prostate Cancer Occurs mainly in older malesRegular exams can detect prostate cancer early.Treatment is most effective when prostate cancer is detected earlyDelaying doctor’s exams &/or treatment can be deadly.
31Using Key TermsIdentify the key term for “the sex cell that is produced by the testes & that is needed to fertilize an egg.SpermDefine the term testes.The male reproductive organ that makes sperm & testosterone.
32Understanding Key Ideas What are the functions of the male reproductive system?To produce & deliver sperm to the female reproductive system.What are the functions of the penis?Removes urine from the body &Deliver sperm to the female reproductive system
33What is the path of the sperm through the male reproductive organs? TestesEpididymisVas DeferensSeminal VesiclesProstate GlandBulbourethral (Cowper’s) GlandsUrethraPenis
34Compare The Symptoms Of Testicular Cancer W/Inguinal Hernia Unusual lumpsEnlargement or feeling of heaviness or fullness in the scrotumInguinal HerniaAbnormal bulge in the abdomen or groinSense of heaviness, pain, or fullness
35List Ways A Male Can Keep His Reproductive System Healthy Wear protective gear when playing contact sports.Avoid wearing tight clothing.Wash the penis, underneath the foreskin & scrotum every day,Dry yourself carefully after showering.Perform a monthly testicular self-exam.Have an annual checkup.Look for changes or symptoms that might indicate a problem.If any symptoms or problems are present, see the doctor right away.Prevent:Jock ItchTraumaHerniasInfertility
36Critical ThinkingWhy do you think the male reproductive system produces so many sperm cells?How might the male reproductive system be affected if the seminal vesicles did not function?