Presentation on theme: "Vector Graphics 2.02 Understand Digital Vector Graphics."— Presentation transcript:
Vector Graphics 2.02 Understand Digital Vector Graphics
Graphics that are based on mathematical formulas that define lines, shapes, and curves. Are comprised of paths connected by anchor points. Can be 2D or 3D. Edited in draw programs. Vector Graphics
Examples More examples http://qvectors.com/ Original Image Resized Image Shapes that make up the image.
Uses of Vector Graphics Graphics that will be scaled (or resized) Architectural drawings, CAD programs, flow charts. Logos that will be scaled (resized) without loss of quality. Illustrations and clip art. Graphics on websites. Small file size allows for quick load times. Fonts and specialized text effects
Advantages of Vectors Scalable – able to change size easily Resolution Independent - Regardless of how much the image is enlarged or reduced, the image definition and quality remain the same. Editability - since each vector is made up of separate and distinct objects, each can be edited independently at any time. Small File Sizes - easily transferred over the Internet.
Disadvantages of Vectors Lower color quality than raster images. They do not support as many colors. Not good for photographic images. Limited in the type of effects that can be applied. Can be time consuming to create. Click to see an example.
AI – Adobe Illustrator Native file format for Adobe Illustrator. Industry standard used by developers of vector graphics. Used to create, save, and archive original artwork. Common Vector File Formats
EPS – Encapsulated Postscript Developed by Adobe but supported by most programs. Graphics developers generally save a copy of the AI file in EPS format because it can be opened by computers running different operating systems. Most common interchange format for the print industry due to its portability. Meta Graphic – can contain both raster and vector data. Shapes in vector graphics can be filled with textures and patterns that are raster graphics. 9
Common Vector File Formats SVG – Scalable Vector Graphics Standard format created by W3C. Versatile, all-purpose vector format. Works well with web page design. WMF – Windows Metafile Microsoft created format for raster and vector. Common format for windows clipart.
You can identify a vector image by looking at its edges — a vector image will always appear smooth no matter how large you make it or how close you zoom in. 11
Vector vs Raster http://vector-conversions.com/vectorizing/raster_vs_vector.html http://www.signindustry.com/computers/articles/2004-11-30- DASvector_v_raster.php3http://www.signindustry.com/computers/articles/2004-11-30- DASvector_v_raster.php3 12